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Analysis of MBL Experiments from the Korean Secondary Science and Chemistry Textbooks Based on 2007 and 2009 Revision

2007 개정 및 2009 개정 중등 과학 및 고등학교 화학 교과서의 MBL 실험 분석

  • Received : 2016.10.05
  • Accepted : 2016.12.23
  • Published : 2016.12.30

Abstract

In this study, MBL experiments in the Korean secondary science textbooks and chemistry textbooks under the 2007 and the 2009 curriculum revision were analyzed in terms of curriculum revision era, grade, context of experiment in the textbook, field of science, topic, sensor, and publisher. As a result, 25 MBL experiments were found in the science textbooks under the 2007 revision, and 29 experiments under the 2009 revision (19 for middle school textbook and 10 for high school textbook). MBL experiments in middle school textbooks were not increased after curriculum revision while those in high school textbooks appeared for the first time. Most of them were in the textbooks for grade 7 and presented as an essential experiment rather than optional one. Motion sensor and temperature sensor were used most frequently, and oxygen sensor and carbon dioxide sensor were followed. In aspect of publishers, a frequency of MBL experiment was decreased in most textbook and some publishers didn't include MBL experiment at all. Based on these results, educational implications were discussed.

이 연구에서는 2007 개정 및 2009 개정 중등 과학 교과서 및 화학 교과서를 중심으로 교과서에 수록된 MBL(microcomputer-based laboratory) 실험을 교육과정 시기, 대상 학년, 실험이 제시된 맥락, 내용 영역, 주제, 사용된 센서, 그리고 출판사 등의 측면에서 분류하고 그 특징을 분석하였다. 분석 결과, MBL 실험은 2007 개정 교육과정기의 경우에는 중학교 과학 교과서에서만 25번 제시되었고, 2009 개정 교육과정기의 경우에는 과학 및 화학 I, II 교과서를 통틀어 29회(중학교 19회, 고등학교 10회) 제시되었다. 전체적으로는 교육과정 개정 이후 중학교 과학 교과서에 MBL 실험은 증가하지 않은 반면, 고등학교 교과서에는 처음으로 제시되었다. MBL 실험은 중학교 1학년에 가장 많이 제시되었고, 선택탐구보다는 필수탐구에 주로 포함 되었다. 센서 중에서는 운동 센서와 온도 센서가 가장 많이 사용되었고, 그 다음으로는 산소와 이산화탄소 센서가 많이 사용되었다. 출판사별 분석에서는 전체적으로는 사용 빈도가 감소하였고, 일부 출판사의 교과서에서는 MBL 실험이 단 한번도 사용되지 않았다. 이 결과들을 바탕으로 교육적 함의를 논의하였다.

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