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Current Patents and Papers Research Trend of Fuel Cell Membrane

특허 및 논문 게재 분석을 통한 연료전지용 전해질막의 연구동향

  • Woo, Chang Hwa (Planning Center, Gyeongsang National University Academy and Industry Collaboration)
  • 우창화 (경상대학교 산학협력단)
  • Received : 2016.10.31
  • Accepted : 2016.11.22
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

The fuel cell technology as a green energy source has been actively studied to solve energy shortages and pollution problems. The generating efficiency of fuel cell is high because the electricity is directly produced by using hydrogen and oxygen and the additional power generator is not needed. The key technology is the manufacturing process of polymer electrolyte membranes for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system. The Nafion, perfluoro-based polymeric membrane is mainly used as a polymer electrolyte membrane. However, the Nafion is expensive and rapidly decreases the performance of Nafion at high temperature. So, many researchers are lively studying new alternative electrolyte membranes. In this review, through the technology competitiveness evaluation of patents and papers, the frequencies of presentation are filed by country, institution and company. In addition, polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, direct methanol fuel cell and alkaline fuel cell are also filed.

연료전지는 친환경적 에너지 발생원으로 미래의 에너지 부족 문제와 공해 문제를 한꺼번에 해결하기 위한 방법으로 최근 그 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 연료전지는 별도의 발전 장치를 필요로 하지 않고, 수소와 산소의 반응에 의해 전기를 직접 생산하기 때문에 발전 효율이 높다. 연료전지 시스템에서의 핵심 기술은 고분자 분리막을 제조하는 것으로써 상용화된 나피온 전해질막은 제조 단가가 높고 고온에서 성능이 급감한다는 단점이 있다. 따라서 많은 학자들이 나피온 전해질 분리막을 대체하기 위한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 본 총설에서는 연료전지용 전해질 분리막의 특허 및 논문의 기술 경쟁력 평가를 통하여 국가별, 기관별, 기업별 발표 빈도수를 정리하였으며, 고분자 전해질 연료전지, 직접 메탄올 연료전지, 그리고 알칼리 연료전지에 대한 평가를 진행하였다.

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