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Optimal Extraction Conditions of Active Components from the Adventitious Roots of Noni (Morinda citrifolia)

노니 부정근으로부터 유효성분의 최적 추출조건

  • Kim, Myong-Ki (Department of Food Science and Engineering, Seowon University)
  • 김명기 (서원대학교 식품공학과)
  • Received : 2016.01.28
  • Accepted : 2016.03.24
  • Published : 2016.04.30

Abstract

To determine the optimum condition for the extraction of active components, noni adventitious roots were extracted under various conditions employing various solvents including methanolic water at different ratio (20, 40, 60, 80, and 100% water), extraction times and extraction methods. Anthraquinones, phenolic compounds, and flavonoids extraction using different solvents showed that 1 h of ultrasonic extraction was effective in 60-80% methanol, and 2 h of reflux extraction was effective in 80% methanol. To compare the extraction efficiency of active components according to different extraction methods and extraction times for noni adventitious roots, the active components were extracted by ultrasonic extraction, shaking extraction, reflux extraction, homogenizer extraction, high-pressure extraction, and soaking extraction. The highest phenolic contents were found in the extracted from ultrasonic extraction and anthraquinones and flavonoids contents were highest in the reflux extraction.

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