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The Relationship among Health Promotion Behaviors, Self-Respect and Life Satisfaction of Middle-aged Men and Women Who use the Life Gym

생활체육관을 이용하는 중년남녀의 건강증진행위, 자아존중감 및 생활만족도와의 관계

  • 이외선 (창신대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박성희 (부산여자대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.07.26
  • Accepted : 2016.08.11
  • Published : 2016.08.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to identify the relationship among health promotion behaviors, self-respect, and life satisfaction of middle-aged men and women who use the life gym. The participants included 208 middle-aged men and women who use the life gym in Korea. The data were collected between July 26 and September 10, 2014, using a self-report questionnaire, and were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ${\chi}^2$ test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation using SPSS Win 18.0. The score for health promotion behaviors was 3.41, with men scoring 3.31 and women scoring 3.47 (t = -2.09, p=.038). Self-realization was the highest and physical activity was the lowest in the sub-region. The score for self-respect was 3.42, with men scoring 3.39 and women scoring 3.34. The life satisfaction score was 3.35, with men scoring 3.34 and women scoring 3.36. Health promotion behavior was positively correlated with self-respect (r = .427, p<.001) and life satisfaction (r= -.760, p<.001). Self-respect showed a significant positive correlation with life satisfaction (r = .469, p<.001). Moreover, higher health promotion behavior resulted in higher self-respect and life satisfaction. Moreover, it was found that higher self-respect led to higher life satisfaction. Therefore, to increase self-respect and life satisfaction of middle-aged men and women, it is necessary to develop and test programs for health promotion behaviors.

본 연구는 생활체육관을 이용하는 중년남녀의 건강증진행위, 자아존중감 및 생활만족도와의 관계를 파악하고자 시도되었다. 생활체육관을 이용하는 중년남녀 208명을 대상으로 설문지를 이용하여 2014년 7월 26부터 9월 10일까지 자료를 수집하였다. SPSS WIN 18을 이용하여 빈도, t-test, ${\chi}^2-test$, ANOVA, Pearson 상관계수로 분석하였다. 연구결과 중년의 건강증진행위정도는 5점 만점에 3.41점으로 나타났으며 남성은 3.31점, 여성은 3.47점으로 여성이 남성에 비해 유의하게 높게 나타났다(t=-2.09, p=.038). 하위영역별로는 자아실현이 가장 높고 신체적 활동이 가장 낮게 나타났다. 자아존중감은 5점 만점에 3.42점으로 나타났으며 남성은 3.39점, 여성은 3.34점으로 나타났다. 생활만족도는 5점 만점에 3.35점으로 나타났으며 남성은 3.34점, 여성은 3.36점으로 나타났다. 중년남녀의 건강증진행위와 자아존중감은 유의한 양의 상관관계(r=.427, p<.001), 건강증진행위와 생활만족도는 유의한 양의 상관관계(r=.760, p<.001), 자아존중감과 생활만족도도 유의한 양의 상관관계(r=.469, p<.001)가 있는 것으로 나타나 건강증진행위를 잘 할수록 자아존중감 및 생활만족도가 높은 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 중년남녀의 자아존중감과 생활만족도를 향상시키기 위해서는 건강증진행위를 증진시킬수 있는 프로그램 개발 및 검증을 제언한다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산여자대학교

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