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Vegetation Structure and Management Planning on the Historical Landscape of Pinus densiflora Forest in Guryong Valley, Chiak National Park

역사문화적 관점에서의 치악산국립공원 구룡계곡 소나무림의 식생구조 및 관리방안

  • Oh, Hee-Young (Dept. of Environmental Landscape Architecture, Sangmyung University) ;
  • Kang, Hyun-Kyung (Dept. of Environmental Landscape Architecture, Sangmyung University) ;
  • Kim, Myeong-Seop (Dept. of Environmental Landscape Architecture, Graduate school, Sangmyung University) ;
  • Back, Seung-Jun (Dept. of Environmental Landscape Architecture, Graduate school, Sangmyung University) ;
  • Hong, Jeum-Kyu (Dept. of Horticultural Science, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology)
  • 오희영 (상명대학교 환경조경학과) ;
  • 강현경 (상명대학교 환경조경학과) ;
  • 김명섭 (상명대학교 대학원 환경조경학과) ;
  • 백승준 (상명대학교 대학원 환경조경학과) ;
  • 홍점규 (경남과학기술대학교 원예과학과)
  • Received : 2017.11.15
  • Accepted : 2017.12.29
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to draw vegetation landscape elements in the ancient literature, investigate plant community structure, understand vegetation structure, and suggest reasonal conservation management methods. As a result of analyzing ancient literature, geomorphological landscapes in Guryong valley were canyon landscape and valley surrounded in Mt. Chiak. Plant landscape factors were as followed. Rhododendron spp. spread around valley. Also, Pinus densiflora communities were distributed in Guryong valley around. Especially, the entrance zones of Guryong valley were described as covered with Pinus densiflora and Whangchangkumpyo(黃腸禁標). Therefore, it was estimated that entry of Guryong valley was covered with Pinus densiflora community landscape. As for current vegetation result, the main vegetation was divided into mixed deciduous broad-leaved trees community and Pinus densiflora community. As a result of analysis by TWINSPAN for community classification, five communities(Deciduous broadleaved trees, Pinus densiflora, Pinus densiflora-Abies holophylla, Abies holophylla, and Pinus koraiensis community) were classified. To maintain historic plant landscape and conserve crucial resources, Pinus densiflora community was classified as concentrated conservation management area($105,472m^2$). To maintain Pinus densiflora landscape which has high historical and cultural value of Guryong valley, it was considered that active density control of lower layer vegetation would be necessary. Accordingly, to conserve P. densiflora landscape, Whangchangkumpyo(?腸禁標), that area was separated into Pinus densiflora lower layer forest management area($84,029m^2$) and Pinus densiflora seedling conservation management area($21,443m^2$). In understory of Pinus densiflora lower layer flora, the target tree species for elimination and management were Quercus serrata and Quercus mongolica. They were $4{\sim}6trees/100m^2$ and their average diameter was 7.1cm. To preserve Pinus densiflora seedlings, areas with Sasa borealis, the ground vegetation of Pinus densiflora community, rate of 80% or more should be selected as priority management areas and concentrated elimination and management of Sasa borealis should be implemented. Likewise, traditional Pinus densiflora forest is a historically cultural heritage to preserve with sustainable interest and survey. Efficient management method through systematic monitoring system should be made.

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