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Association between Systemic Health Conditions and Self-Reported Oral Health in Korean Elderly

한국노인의 전신건강상태와 주관적 구강건강 관련성

  • Choi, Eun Sil (BK21 PLUS Program in Embodiment: Health-Society Interaction, Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University) ;
  • Lyu, Jiyoung (National Institute of Dementia) ;
  • Patton, Lauren L. (Department of Dental Ecology, School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina) ;
  • Kim, Hae-Young (BK21 PLUS Program in Embodiment: Health-Society Interaction, Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University)
  • 최은실 (고려대학교 대학원 보건과학과 BK21+인간생명-사회환경 상호작용 융합사업단) ;
  • 유지영 (중앙치매센터) ;
  • ;
  • 김혜영 (고려대학교 대학원 보건과학과 BK21+인간생명-사회환경 상호작용 융합사업단)
  • Received : 2016.11.11
  • Accepted : 2017.01.10
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

Systemic health conditions increase with advancing age, and may be linked to poor self-reported oral health. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between systemic health conditions and poor self-reported oral health among Korean elderly. The study used a nationally representative sample of Koreans (2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) aged 65~98 years (n=1,595). Systemic health conditions in this population were assessed by the presence of one or more of the following conditions: obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia. The relative risk of poor self-reported oral health according to the occurrence of systemic health conditions was estimated by multivariate logistic regression after controlling for several potential confounders (i.e., socio-demographic factors, oral health behaviors, health behaviors, and psychological factors). After adjustment for these confounders, the relative risk of having poor self-reported oral health was greater among the elderly with one or more systemic health conditions than in those without a systemic health condition. The odds ratio of having poor self-reported oral health according to the occurrence of systemic health conditions was 1.51 (95% confidence interval, 1.08~2.12). Among the Korean elderly, perception of poor oral health was associated with the presence of one or more systemic health conditions. Future studies are needed to examine the detailed causal relation between systemic health conditions and poor oral health longitudinally.

Keywords

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