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Quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of rice cookies added with Lentinus edodes powder

표고버섯 분말을 첨가한 쌀 쿠키의 품질 특성 및 항산화 활성

  • Kim, Mee-Jin (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Daejin University) ;
  • Chung, Hai-Jung (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Daejin University)
  • 김미진 (대진대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 정해정 (대진대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.20
  • Accepted : 2017.05.25
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Lentinus edodes powder on the quality characteristics and antioxidant of rice cookies. The cookies for this experiment was made by 3 main ingredients including rice powder, flour, Lentinus edodes powder. The proportion of rice powder was fixed to 50% for the total amount of ingredients. The amount of reminded 2 ingredients (flour and Lentinus edodes powder) were varied. The amount of flour was decreased up to 38%, and the addition of Lentinus edodes powder was increased to 4%, 8% and 12%. Density of the dough, hardness, total polyphenol content, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, and reducing power increased with increasing Lentinus edodes powder content. Moisture content, pH of the dough, spread factor, loss rate, leavening rate, and L values of the cookies were decreased with increasing Lentinus edodes powder content. The result of consumer acceptance test revealed that there were no significant differences in smell, taste and overall acceptability, while the preference of color decreased as the amount of Lentinus edodes powder increased. To sum up, the cookies with 12% Lentinus edodes powder can produced the best results in terms of quality and antioxidant potential.

본 연구에서는 표고버섯 분말을 4%, 8%, 12%로 첨가하여 쌀 쿠키를 제조하고 품질 특성, 항산화 활성 및 기호도 조사를 실시하여 기능성 쿠키를 개발하고자 하였다. 쿠키반죽의 밀도는 표고버섯 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 증가하였고 pH는 감소하였다. 쿠키의 수분 함량은 대조군이 8.32%로 가장 높았으며 첨가군은 4.73-5.56%로 대조군보다 낮았다. 표고버섯 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 퍼짐성, 손실률, 팽창률 모두 감소하였다. 쿠키의 색도는 표고버섯 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 L 값은 감소하였고 a 값은 증가하였으며 b 값은 대조군이 가장 높았다. 경도는 대조군이 가장 낮았고 12% 첨가군이 가장 높았다. 쿠키의 미세구조는 표고버섯 분말 첨가량이 증가할수록 표면과 내부 조직이 치밀해졌다. 총 폴리페놀 함량은 9.78-18.18 mg GAE/100 g의 범위로 표고버섯 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 증가하였고, DPPH radical 소거능과 환원력도 증가하였다. 기호도 조사 결과, 색은 대조군이 높은 기호도를 나타내었으며 냄새, 맛, 전체적인 기호도는 대조군을 포함한 모든 시료들 간에 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 이러한 결과로 보아 쿠키에 표고버섯 분말을 첨가하는 것은 쿠키의 기호도를 증가시키고 동시에 항산화 활성을 증가시킴으로써 쿠키의 가치를 높여 줄 것으로 기대되며, 쿠키 제조 시 표고버섯 분말을 12% 첨가하는 것이 바람직할 것으로 사료된다.

Keywords

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