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Seismic assessment of base-isolated nuclear power plants

  • Farmanbordar, Babak (Engineering Seismology and Earthquake Engineering Research (e-SEER), Department of Structure and Materials, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)) ;
  • Adnan, Azlan Bin (Engineering Seismology and Earthquake Engineering Research (e-SEER), Department of Structure and Materials, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)) ;
  • Tahir, Mahmood Md. (UTM Construction Research Centre (CRC), Institute for Smart Infrastructures and Innovative Construction, Universiti, Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)) ;
  • Faridmehr, Iman (UTM Construction Research Centre (CRC), Institute for Smart Infrastructures and Innovative Construction, Universiti, Teknologi Malaysia (UTM))
  • Received : 2017.06.27
  • Accepted : 2017.07.04
  • Published : 2017.07.25

Abstract

This research presented a numerical and experimental study on the seismic performance of first-generation base-isolated and fixed-base nuclear power plants (NPP). Three types of the base isolation system were applied to rehabilitate the first-generation nuclear power plants: frictional pendulum (FP), high-damping rubber (HDR) and lead-rubber (LR) base isolation. Also, an Excel program was proposed for the design of the abovementioned base isolators in accordance with UBC 97 and the Japan Society of Base Isolation Regulation. The seismic assessment was performed using the pushover and nonlinear time history analysis methods in accordance with the FEMA 356 regulation. To validate the adequacy of the proposed design procedure, two small-scale NPPs were constructed at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia's structural laboratory and subjected to a pushover test for two different base conditions, fixed and HDR-isolated base. The results showed that base-isolated structures achieved adequate seismic performance compared with the fixed-base one, and all three isolators led to a significant reduction in the containment's tension, overturning moment and base shear.

Keywords

References

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