Evaluating Factors Affecting Ocular Fatigue of College Students

대학생의 눈 피로도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구

  • 홍경희 (대한안경사협회 중앙회) ;
  • 이현주 (대전보건대학교 안경광학과) ;
  • 김세진 (백석대학교 안경광학과)
  • Received : 2017.11.08
  • Accepted : 2017.12.11
  • Published : 2017.12.31


Purpose: The objectives of this study were to evaluate and analyze the factors affecting the ocular fatigue of college students, and provide the baseline data for reducing the ocular fatigue. Methods: Ocular fatigue evaluation survey was conducted to 270 college students who were attending school at the time of the survey. McMonnies questionnaire was used to confirm the presence of dry eye syndrome and obtained data were analyzed afterward. Results: Reading duration(p=0.00), reading distance(p=0.05), reading posture(p=0.00), TV watching distance(p=0.01), computer usage time(p=0.01), and smartphone usage time(p=0.00) significantly affected eye fatigue. The presence of dry eye syndrome was affect significantly to on the ocular fatigue (p=0.00). Conclusion: Reading duration, the usage time of computer and smartphone, reading distance, and reading posture affected ocular fatigue. People with higher ocular fatigue showed higher dry eye syndrome scores. Further studies are needed to evaluate the appropriate multimedia use time, distance, and reading posture to decrease the ocular fatigue of college students.

목적: 본 연구는 대학생의 눈 피로도에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하고, 대학생의 눈피로도를 분석하여 눈 피로도 감소를 위한 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다. 방법: 대학교에 재학 중인 대학생 270명을 대상으로 눈 피로를 평가 설문을 하였고, 맥모니설문으로 건성안증후군의 유무를 확인하여 한 통계방법으로 분석하였다. 결과: 눈 피로도에 영향을 주는 요인으로는 독서 시간(p=0.00), 독서 거리(p=0.05), 독서 자세(p=0.00), TV 시청 거리(p=0.01), 컴퓨터 사용 시간(p=0.01), 스마트폰 사용 시간(p=0.00)이 유의한 결과로 나타났으며 건성안증후군이 있는 사람과 눈 피로도와의 관계도 유의하게 나타났다(p=0.00). 결론: 독서 시간, 컴퓨터 및 스마트폰의 사용 시간, 독서 거리와 독서 자세가 눈 피로도에 영향을 미치고, 눈 피로도가 높을수록 건성안증후군 점수가 높게 나타났다. 이에 대학생들의 눈 피로도 감소를 위한 적정한 멀티미디어의 사용시간과 거리 및 독서 자세에 관한 후속연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.


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