Effects of Ego-resilience and Emotional Labor on Work-family Conflict among Middle-aged Female Workers

중년여성 근로자의 자아탄력성과 감정노동이 직장-가정 갈등에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.08.07
  • Accepted : 2017.11.03
  • Published : 2017.11.30


This study examined the effects of ego-resilience and emotional labor on work-family conflicts among middle-aged female workers. Data were collected through self-reported structured questionnaires of 148 middle-aged female workers from October 2, 2013 to April 10, 2014. The results suggest that the mean score of work-family conflict was 25.59 (SD=11.99) and there were significant differences in living arrangements (F=4.32, p=.015), monthly living expenses (r=.18, p=.028), and job satisfaction (F=6.33, p<.001) by work-family conflict. Work-family conflict was negatively related to ego-resilience (r=-.28 p=.001). Living arrangement (living with parents, children) (${\beta}=.29$, p=.045), monthly living expenses (${\beta}=.22$, p=.006), job satisfaction (${\beta}=-.20$, p=.015), and ego-resilience (${\beta}=-.28$, p<.001) were identified as significant predictors of work-family conflict. This model explained about 19.0% of work-family conflict in middle-aged female workers (F=6.61 p<.001). Therefore, as a strategy to reduce the level of work-family conflict in middle-aged female workers, it is necessary to consider socioeconomic factors such as living arrangements and living expenses that affect work-family conflicts. Moreover, applying psychological intervention to improve job satisfaction and ego-resilience of middle-aged women in the working environment will help reduce work-family conflicts.

본 연구의목적은 중년여성 근로자의 자아탄력성과 감정노동이 직장-가정 갈등에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위함이다. 자료 수집은 A, B, C시에 소재한 직장에 근무하는 정규직과 비정규직에 종사자하는 중년여성 148명을 대상으로 2013년 10월 2일부터 2014년 4월 10일까지 자가 보고식 설문조사로 시행되었다. 연구결과, 중년여성의 직장-가정 갈등은 25.59(SD=11.99) 점으로, 대상자의 직장-가정 갈등은 거주유형(F=4.32, p=.015), 생활비 지출(r=.18, p=.028), 직업만족도(F=6.33, p<.001)에 따라 유의한 차이를 보였다. 직장-가정 갈등과 자아탄력성은 유의한 음의상관관계를 보였으며(r=-.28 p=.001), 부모, 자녀와 함께 사는 거주유형(${\beta}=.29$, p=.045), 생활비 지출(${\beta}=.22$, p=.006), 직업만족도(${\beta}=-.20$, p=.015), 자아탄력성(${\beta}=-.28$, p<.001)이 직장-가정 갈등에 유의한 영향을 주는 요인으로 약 19%의 설명력을 갖는 것으로 나타났다(F=6.61 p<.001). 그러므로 중년여성 근로자의 직장-가정 갈등의 수준을 감소하기 위한 전략으로, 직장-가정 갈등에 영향을 주는 거주유형 및 생활비 지출과 같은 사회경제적인 요인에 대한 고려가 필요하다. 또한 중년여성 근로자의 직업만족도 및 자아탄력성을 향상시킬 수 있는 직업 환경 내의 심리적인 중재의 적용이 중년여성의 직장-가정 갈등 감소에 도움이 될 것이다.



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