Predictors of self-worth and self-deprecation trajectories among Korean adolescents

우리나라 청소년의 긍정적 자아존중감과 부정적 자아존중감의 변화궤적과 예측요인

  • Yoo, Changmin (Dept of Social Welfare, Seoul National University)
  • 유창민 (서울대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2017.06.18
  • Accepted : 2017.08.30
  • Published : 2017.09.30


This study aimed to identify self-worth and self-deprecation trajectories and their associated factors among Korean adolescents. For these purposes, we used latent growth curve modeling involving 2,350 students who participated in the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey in 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2015. Major findings are as follows: 1) Adolescents' self-worth and self-deprecation increased with time, but the speed gradually changed to a quadratic function model; and 2) the types of predictors affecting self-worth and self-deprecation were different. Specifically, the factors that affected only self-worth were adolescents' relationship with teachers and household income, and the factors that affected only self-deprecation were presence of disease and parental over interference. Factors affecting both self-worth and self-deprecation were child's sex, parental affection, peer trust, and peer alienation. These results suggest that independent intervention is needed for self-worth and self-deprecation. Furthermore, the results can be an important basis for establishing a more focused intervention strategy when intervening in self-worth and self-deprecation in adolescents.