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Dynamics of Welfare Attitudes Change in Korea: Longitudinal Study of Korean's Welfare Attitudes Change

한국사회 복지태도 변화의 역동성 : 개인 복지태도 변화에 대한 종단자료 분석

  • 이상록 (전북대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 이순아 (전북대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 김형관 (전북대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2017.09.21
  • Accepted : 2017.11.08
  • Published : 2017.12.30

Abstract

Changes in the public welfare attitudes are very important to the welfare politics and policy. Considering that variability of public welfare attitudes has been ignored in previous studies, we analyzed welfare attitudes changes at individual level in Korea. Using the longitudinal data from the Additional Survey of 2010/2013/2016 Korea Welfare Panel Survey, we analyzed the changes in public welfare attitudes during 2010th-2016th years. Major findings are as follows. First, one of the findings from analysis is that the public welfare attitudes are very active and dynamic in Korea. This finding is contradiction to the results of the previous researches that are point to the stability or inertia of the public welfare attitudes in western welfare states and also in Korea. Second, occurrences of the welfare attitudes change are related with various individual characteristics; income status, occupation status, age, region, sex, political ideology, etc. These results from this study on the welfare attitudes change suggest that dynamics of the Korea welfare politics in recent years reflected the dynamic changes in public welfare attitudes. And, they suggest that Korea welfare politics are transformed from the traditional classes welfare politics to the new welfare politics which are influenced by various interests of the socio-demographic groups.