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Concept Analysis of Nursing Student's Ethical Competence

학생간호사의 윤리역량에 대한 개념분석

  • 서형은 (경북보건대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.10.10
  • Accepted : 2018.01.05
  • Published : 2018.01.31

Abstract

This study examined the concept of nursing student's ethical competence. The concept analysis process by Walker and Avant was used to clarify the meaning of nursing student's ethical competence. As a result, the concept of nursing student's ethical competence was defined in terms of ethical sensitivity, ethical judgement, willingness to implement ethical behavior, and execution power of ethical behavior. Self-understanding, supportive environment, experience of ethical conflict and experience of ethical education can be seen as antecedents for nursing student's ethical competence. The nursing student's ethical competence results in nursing professionalism, satisfaction with nursing, and patient safety. The results of the analysis establish a basis for an instrument to evaluate nursing student's ethical competence. This will guide educators, as well as managers in healthcare, to develop an education program for improvement nursing student's ethical competence.

본 연구는 Walker와 Avant의 방법을 이용한 학생간호사의 윤리역량에 대한 개념분석 연구이다. 최근 10년 간 윤리역량에 대한 국내 및 국외 선행연구 최종 11편을 선정하여 분석에 이용하였다. 본 연구에서 학생간호사의 윤리역량의 개념은 윤리적 민감성, 윤리적 판단력, 윤리적 행위에 대한 실천의지, 윤리적 행위의 실행력이 속성으로 도출되었다. 선행요인은 자기이해, 지지적 환경, 윤리적 갈등 경험, 윤리교육 경험이었으며, 결과는 간호전문직관, 간호직에 대한 만족도, 환자안전으로 나타났다. 즉, 학생간호사의 윤리역량 향상을 위해서는 다차원 간 균형적인 성장과 발달이 이루어져야 하며, 이를 통해 학생간호사의 윤리적 민감성, 윤리적 판단력, 윤리적 행위에 대한 실천의지, 윤리적 행위의 실행력이 향상될 수 있다. 이를 위해서는 학생간호사 스스로 충분한 자기이해와 학생간호사를 지원해줄 수 있는 지지적 환경, 과거에 윤리적 갈등상황에 직면했던 경험 및 윤리역량을 향상시키기 위한 교육의 경험이 선행되어야 하며, 학생간호사의 윤리역량 향상은 결과적으로 간호전문직관을 확립하고, 간호직에 대한 만족도가 높아지며, 환자안전에 기여할 수 있다. 이를 기초로 학생간호사의 특성을 반영한 윤리역량의 속성이 잘 반영된 도구 개발 연구를 제언하며, 학생간호사의 윤리역량을 향상시키기 위한 전략 및 효과적인 프로그램을 개발하기 위한 추후 연구를 제언한다.

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