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Daily stress and smartphone overdependence among multicultural adolescents: Comparisons by gender and age

다문화 청소년의 일상생활 스트레스와 스마트폰 과의존의 관계: 성별 및 연령별 비교

  • Lee, RaeHyuck (College of Hyang-seol Nanum, Soonchunhyang University)
  • 이래혁 (순천향대학교 향설나눔대학)
  • Received : 2018.08.23
  • Accepted : 2018.11.20
  • Published : 2018.11.28

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the association between daily stress and smartphone overdependence among multicultural adolescents, focusing on the moderating roles of gender and age. This study performed a series of multiple linear regressions with a sample of 794 multicultural adolescents living with a foreign-born parent or parents from the 13th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey. The main regression analysis showed that daily stress was associated with higher levels of smartphone overdependence among multicultural adolescents. In addition, interaction analyses showed that the association between daily stress and smartphone overdependence was more pronounced for male adolescents compared to female adolescents, and for middle school students compared to high school students. This study concluded with some suggestions to address smartphone overdependence among multicultural adolescents.

본 연구는 다문화 청소년의 일상생활 스트레스와 스마트폰 과의존의 관계를 규명하고 성별 및 연령별 차이를 비교하기 위한 목적으로 수행되었다. 이를 위해 본 연구는 제13차 청소년온라인건강행태조사의 설문 표본 중 부모 또는 부모 중 한 명이 외국인인 794명의 다문화 청소년을 대상으로 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 분석의 결과, 다문화 청소년의 일상생활 스트레스와 스마트폰 과의존은 정적으로 유의미한 관계를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 성별 및 학교급별 조절효과 분석의 결과, 다문화 청소년의 일상생활 스트레스와 스마트폰 과의존 사이의 정적 관계가 여학생에 비해 남학생에게서 고등학생에 비해 중학생에게서 더 두드러지는 것을 확인하였다. 이러한 결과를 바탕으로 다문화 청소년의 스마트폰 과의존 문제에 대처하기 위한 정책 및 실천 방안에 관하여 논의하였다.

Keywords

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Fig. 1. Moderating role of gender

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Fig. 2. Moderating role of age

Table 1. General characteristics of the analytic sample

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Table 2. Characteristics of the focal variables

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Table 3. The association between daily stress and smartphone overdependence

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Table 4. Moderating roles of gender and age

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : Soonchunhyang University

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