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A study on the identification of underwater propeller singing phenomenon

수중 프로펠러 명음 현상의 규명에 관한 연구

  • 김태형 (현대중공업(주) 선박연구소) ;
  • 이형석 (현대중공업(주) 선박연구소)
  • Received : 2018.02.05
  • Accepted : 2018.03.29
  • Published : 2018.03.31

Abstract

This paper is a study on the generation mechanism of propeller singing based on the cavitation tunnel test, underwater impact test, finite element analysis and computational flow analysis for the model propeller. A wire screen mesh, a propeller and a rudder were installed to simulate ship stern flow, and occurrence and disappearance of propeller singing phenomenon were measured by hydrophone and accelerometer. The natural frequencies of propeller blades were predicted through finite element analysis and verified by contact and non-contact impact tests. The flow velocity and effective angle of attack for each section of the propeller blades were calculated using RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equation-based computational fluid analysis. Using the high resolution analysis based on detached eddy simulation, the vortex shedding frequency calculation was performed. The numerical predicted vortex shedding frequency was confirmed to be consistent with the singing frequency and blade natural frequency measured by the model test.

본 논문은 모형 프로펠러를 대상으로 공동수조 시험, 수중 충격시험, 유한요소해석 및 전산유체해석에 기반하여 수행한 명음 발생 메커니즘 연구이다. 선미 유동을 모사하기 위해 반류망, 프로펠러 및 방향타를 설치하고 수중청음기와 가속도계로 프로펠러 명음 현상의 발생과 소멸을 계측하였다. 유한요소해석을 통해 프로펠러 날개의 고유진동수를 예측하고 접촉 및 비접촉식 충격시험으로 이를 검증하였다. RANS(Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) 방정식 기반 전산유체해석을 통하여 프로펠러 날개 각 단면의 유속과 유효 받음각을 계산하였으며, DES(Detached Eddy Simulation) 기반 고해상도 해석을 통해 명음 발생 위치에서 2-D 날개 단면 뒷전의 와류흘림주파수(vortex shedding frequency) 계산을 수행하였다. 수치적으로 예측된 와류흘림주파수는 모형시험으로 계측한 명음 발생 주파수 및 날개 고유진동수와 일치함을 확인하였다.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 선박 추진기 소음 기반기술 및 소음저감 설계 핵심기술 개발

Supported by : 산업통상자원부

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