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Evaluation of Nursing Educational Objectives Achievement & Related Factors in Nurses Within Five Years After Graduation: Focusing on Critical Thinking Disposition and Clinical Competence

일개대학 간호학과 졸업 후 5년 이내 간호사의 교육목표 달성도와 영향요인 -비판적 사고 성향과 임상수행능력을 중심으로

  • Received : 2018.11.08
  • Accepted : 2018.12.07
  • Published : 2018.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate nursing educational objectives achievement, critical thinking disposition, and clinical competence and their relationships in nurses within five years after graduation. Subjects were 82 nurses who graduated one nursing college within five years and 68 managers in nursing unit of hospital. Questions were given to nurses. They reported their achievement of educational objectives of the nursing college, critical thinking disposition and clinical competence. Nursing unit managers received the same questions to evaluate nurses working at their unit. Data were collected from January to march 2014 and analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. Mean scores for achievement of educational objectives, critical thinking disposition, and clinical competence were $3.60{\pm}0.60$, $3.46{\pm}0.28$, and $4.17{\pm}0.56$, respectively. Educational objectives achievement showed significant correlations with critical thinking disposition (r = 0.52, p <. 001) and clinical competence (r = 0.52, p < .001). Regression analysis showed that critical thinking disposition (${\beta}=.30$, p = .018) and clinical competence (${\beta}=.26$, p = .029) were significant factors for predicting educational objectives achievement. Manager's evaluation score for educational objectives achievement and clinical competence was higher than graduated nurses' report (p < .001). This could be used as a feed- back to reset educational objectives and upgrade the curriculum. These study results could be used to, establish strategies to improve educational objectives achievement.

본 연구는 졸업생의 교육목표 달성도, 비판적 사고 성향과 임상수행능력 정도를 파악하고, 교육목표 달성도와 비판적 사고 성향, 임상수행능력 간의 상관관계와 교육목표 달성도에 영향하는 요인을 확인하고자 시행하였다. 연구대상자는 간호학과를 졸업 한 후 병원에서 근무하는 간호사로서 대학 졸업 후 5년 이내 졸업생 82명과 그 졸업생을 지도하는 간호관리자 68명이였다. 자료는 2014년 1월부터 3월까지 수집하였다. 수집한 자료는 SPSS/WIN 23.0 프로그램을 이용하여 기술통계, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation과 multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 연구 결과 졸업생의 교육목표 달성도는 평균 $3.60{\pm}0.60$점/6점, 비판적 사고 성향은 평균 $3.46{\pm}0.28$점/5점, 임상수행능력은 평균 $4.17{\pm}0.56$점/6점이었다. 교육목표 달성도는 비판적 사고 성향(r=0.52, p<.001), 임상수행능력(r=0.52, p<.001)과 양의 상관관계를 보였다. 교육목표 달성도에 영향을 미치는 요인은 비판적 사고 성향(${\beta}=.30$, p=.018)과 임상수행능력(${\beta}=.26$, p=.029)이었고, 회귀분석 모형의 설명력은 34.25%이었다(F=6.65, p<.001). 간호단위 관리자가 평가한 졸업생들의 교육목표 달성도와 임상수행능력이 졸업생들이 자가 평가한 것보다 높았다(p<.001). 이러한 결과는 앞으로 교육목표 재설정과 교육과정 개선에 반영될 것이며, 교육목표 달성도를 높이기 위한 전략을 수립하는 데 기초자료로 활용할 수 있을 것이다.

Keywords

Table 1. General characteristics of the subject

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Table 2. Differences of educational objectives achievement, critical thinking disposition and clinical competence

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_836_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Correlations among variables

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Table 4. Influencing factors to educational objectives achievement.

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_836_t0004.png 이미지

Table 5. Comparison of clinical competence scored by graduates and managers

SHGSCZ_2018_v19n12_836_t0005.png 이미지

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