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Physicochemical Properties and Antioxidative Activities of White Radish Tea by Different Preparation Methods

가공 방법을 달리한 무차의 이화학적 품질 특성과 항산화 활성

  • Received : 2017.11.21
  • Accepted : 2018.01.18
  • Published : 2018.01.31

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate their physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of white radish teas such as pH, color value, total polyphenol contents, total flavonoids, DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power and sensory evaluation. They were processed by drying(AD), drying and roasting(ADR), steaming and drying(SAD), and steaming, drying, and roasting(SADR). As a result, the pH of ADR, and SADR tended to be significantly lowered and SADR was the lowest at $5.48{\pm}0.14$(p<0.001). Additionally, ADR and SADR were significantly different in color and browning value, compared to AD and SAD. There was no significant difference in reducing sugar content depending on processing methods. The total polyphenol content and total flavonoid content of the teas were significantly increase after roasting. DPPH radical scavenging activity was significantly higher in ADR and SDAR than in AD or SAD by 1.1~1.5 times(p<0.05). Compared with ADR and SADR after roasting, the sensory characteristics of AD and SAD were significantly lower than those of roasted ADAD and SAD, respectively. From the above results, it was concluded that the roasting process is a major process that affects the physicochemical quality characteristics and antioxidant activities.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부

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