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Prognosis of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients

  • Kim, Jeong Han (Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Choe, Won Hyeok (Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kwon, So Young (Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Yoo, Byung-chul (Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine)
  • Received : 2018.05.16
  • Accepted : 2018.10.02
  • Published : 2018.12.24

Abstract

Background: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious infectious complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. However, information about prognosis of SBP in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients is limited. We investigated the clinical course of SBP in HCC patients. Methods: This study enrolled patients diagnosed with SBP between 2005 and 2017. Medical records of patients were reviewed and clinical course was compared between the non-HCC and HCC groups. Results: In total, 123 SBP cases including 49 HCC cases were enrolled. Men were predominant (48/74, 64.9% vs. 34/49, 69.4%; P = 0.697); median age was 58 years in both non-HCC and HCC groups (P = 0.887). The most common etiology was alcohol (32/74, 43.2%) in non-HCC group and hepatitis B (30/49, 61.2%) in HCC group (P = 0.009). Antibiotic resistance rate was higher in non-HCC than in HCC group (29.7% vs. 12.2%; P = 0.028); in-hospital mortality did not differ between the groups (25/74, 33.8% vs. 13/49, 26.5%; P = 0.431). Development rate of hepatorenal syndrome did not differ between non-HCC and HCC group (14/74, 18.9% vs. 10/49, 20.4%; P = 1.000), but hepatic encephalopathy was less common in HCC group (26/74, 35.2% vs. 9/49, 18.3%; P = 0.008). The most important predictor of in-hospital mortality in patients with HCC was white blood cell count above $11,570cells/mm^3$ (odds ratio, 6.629; 95% confidence interval, 1.652-26.590; P = 0.008). Conclusion: Prognosis of SBP in HCC patients is relatively less severe. This result may be related with reduced antibiotics resistance and lower development rates of other complications, such as hepatic encephalopathy. Degree of systemic inflammation may be the most important factor for in-hospital mortality.

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