Perceptions of Successful Aging and The Influencing Factors in Middle-aged Women

중년여성의 성공적 노화에 대한 인식과 영향요인

  • Kim, Bomi (Counselling Support Center for Foreigner)
  • Received : 2018.05.14
  • Accepted : 2018.09.07
  • Published : 2018.09.30


This research was conducted to examine successful aging and influencing factors in middle aged women. Data were collected from 189 middle-aged women in two cities. Data were collected from July to August 2017 using structured questionnaires. Data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlations, and multiple regression analysis. The results indicate that the perception of successful aging mean was 128.49 points (range: 33-165). Depression (r=-.20, p=.005) had a significant negative association with perception of successful aging. Family resilience (r=.49, p<.001) and life satisfaction (r=.54, p<.001) were positively correlated with perception of successful aging. The significant predictors of successful aging were age (${\ss}=-.15$, p=.013), family resilience (${\ss}=.24$, p=.002), and life satisfaction (${\ss}=.37$, p<.001), explaining 33.9% of the variance. Based on the study results, we suggest that it is necessary to develop and apply educational strategy to improve perception of successful aging.

본 연구는 중년여성의의 성공적 노화에 대한 인식에 영향을 미치는 요인을 알아보기 위해 시행된 서술적 조사 연구이다. 연구대상자는 2개 도시에 거주하는 중년 여성 189명을 대상으로 시행하였으며, 구조화된 설문지를 통해 2017년 7월부터 2017년 8월까지 자료 수집을 하였다. 수집한 자료는 기술통계와 t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlations, 위계적 회귀분석으로 분석하였다. 연구결과 중년 여성의 성공적 노화 인식의 평균 값은 128.49점(범위 33-165점)이었다. 성공적 노화인식은 우울(r=-.20, p=.005)에 부적 상관관계를 보였으며, 가족탄력성(r=.49, p<.001) 및 삶의 만족도(r=.54, p<.001)와는 정적 상관관계를 보였다. 위계적 회귀분석을 실시한 결과 연령 (${\ss}=-.15$, p=.013), 가족탄력성 (${\ss}=.24$, p=.002), 삶의 만족도 (${\ss}=.37$, p<.001)가 주요 영향요인이었으며, 이 모델은 33.9%의 설명력을 나타내었다. 이러한 결과는 중년 여성의 성공적 노화 인식을 향상시킬 수 있는 교육 전략 개발을 위한 기초자료로 활요할 수 있으며 이를 바탕으로 한 교육 프로그램이 개발되어져야 할 것이다.



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