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A Study on the Determinants of Artificial Intelligence Industry: Evidence from United Kingdom's Macroeconomics

  • He, Yugang (Department of International Trade, Chonbuk National University)
  • Received : 2018.09.03
  • Accepted : 2018.12.05
  • Published : 2018.12.30

Abstract

Recently, the rapid development of artificial intelligence industry has resulted in a great change in our modern society. Due to this background, this paper takes the United Kingdom as an example to explore the determinants of artificial intelligence industry in terms of United Kingdom's macroeconomics. The quarterly time series from the first quarter of 2010 to the fourth quarter of 2017 will be employed to conduct an empirical analysis under the vector error correction model. In this paper, the real GDP, the employment figure, the real income, the foreign direct investment, the government budget and the inflation will be regarded as independent variables. The input of artificial intelligence industry will be regarded as a dependent variable. These macroeconomic variables will be applied to perform an empirical analysis so as to explore how the macroeconomic variables affect the artificial intelligence industry. The findings show that the real GDP, the real income, the foreign direct investment and the government budget are the driving determinants to promote the development of artificial intelligence industry. Conversely, the employment figure and the inflation is the obstructive determinants to hamper the development of artificial intelligence industry.