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Does the Daily Contact with Older People Alleviate the Implicit and Explicit Ageist Attitude of Children?

노인과의 일상적 접촉이 노인에 대한 어린이의 명시적·암묵적 태도에 미치는 영향

  • Seok, Minae (Dept. of Child Development and Family Studies, Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, Gyoung-hae (Dept. of Child Development and Family Studies, Seoul National University)
  • 석민애 (서울대학교 아동가족학과) ;
  • 한경혜 (서울대학교 아동가족학과, 생활과학연구소)
  • Received : 2018.02.28
  • Accepted : 2018.06.07
  • Published : 2018.08.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of contact with the elderly in a daily life on children's ageist attitude. Acknowledging the people's tendency to report in socially appropriate ways to the explicit attitude measurement, implicit measurement is introduced, and relation with the daily contact with elderly(DCE) is analyzed. The research question are as follows: 1) Are these two attitudes explained by different factors? 2) Can DCE alleviate both children's implicit and explicit ageist attitude? 3) How do the contact with grandparent and neighboring elderly affect the children's explicit and implicit ageist attitude? Data was collected from 503 fourth to sixth grade elementary school children. Child-Age Implict Association Test is used to measure implicit ageist attitude. Multinominal logistic analysis and ordered logistic analysis was applied. Followings are the main results: First, explicit and implicit ageist attitudes are found to be related with different predictors. Second, Elderly contact seems to lighten children's ageist attitude overall. Third, the effects of grandparental contact and the neighboring elderly contact on two different ageism were different. While the effect of elderly neighbor contact is limited to the expression of ageism, grandparental contact has a influence not only on the explicit but also on the implicit ageism, even though the effect on implicit attitude is limited in extent. Forth, not the quality of contact but the quantity of it was related to implicit ageist attitude. This result contradicts conventional idea of Intergroup Contact Theory. In the further research, the predictor of implicit ageist attitude need to be throughly examined.