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The Relationship between Frequency Score of Wearing Personal Protective Equipment and Concentration of Urinary Organophosphorus Pesticide Metabolites in Farmers

일부 농업인의 개인보호구 착용빈도 점수와 요 중 유기인계 농약 대사체 농도와의 연관성

  • Choi, Jihee (Center for Farmers' Safety and Health, Dankook University Hospital) ;
  • Moon, Sun-In (Center for Farmers' Safety and Health, Dankook University Hospital) ;
  • Roh, Sangchul (Center for Farmers' Safety and Health, Dankook University Hospital)
  • 최지희 (단국대학교병원 농업안전보건센터) ;
  • 문선인 (단국대학교병원 농업안전보건센터) ;
  • 노상철 (단국대학교병원 농업안전보건센터)
  • Received : 2019.10.02
  • Accepted : 2019.10.28
  • Published : 2019.12.31

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the frequency score of wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) and concentration of urinary organophosphorus pesticide metabolites in farmers. Methods: The study was conducted in Chungcheongnam-do Province of South Korea. We collected urine samples from 308 farmers from September to December 2017 and May to July 2018. Among them, 17 farmers with urinary creatinine levels outside the normal range were excluded. Information on the frequency of wearing PPE was obtained from the farmers through face-to-face survey. Each frequency of wearing for seven types of PPE was converted into a score and expressed as a total score, which was divided into quartiles. Four types of urinary organophosphorus pesticide metabolites were analyzed using a gas chromatography mass selective detector. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify concentrations of urinary organophosphorus pesticide metabolites affected by the frequency of wearing PPE. Results: The average frequency score of wearing PPE was 8.0. The quartiles of frequency score of wearing PPE were divided as follows: 1st quartile (≤1), 2nd quartile (1-6), 3rd quartile (6-12), and 4th quartile (>12). Compared with subjects with a low frequency score of wearing PPE (reference), subjects with a high frequency score of wearing PPE (4th quartile) had lower concentrations of urinary diethyl phosphate (DEP) (p<0.01) and dialkyl phosphate (ΣDAP) (p<0.05), which is the sum of dimethyl phosphate (DMP), DEP, dimethyl thiophosphate (DMTP), and diethyl thiophosphate (DETP). Conclusion: Concentrations of urinary organophosphorus pesticide metabolites were associated with frequency score of wearing PPE. Particularly as the frequency score of wearing PPE increased, concentrations of urinary DMP, DEP, DETP, and ΣDAP significantly decreased. The findings of this study can contribute to the management of health effects among farmers working with pesticides.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림축산식품부

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