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A Study on the Analysis of Hazardous Risk Factors for Component in Hydrogen Station with Water Electrolysis Device

수전해 수소충전소 부품별 유해위험요인 분석

  • Seo, Doo-Hyoun (PSP : Process Safety Partner) ;
  • Rhie, Kwang-Won (Division of Safety and fire Protection, Hoseo University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-Hun (Dept. of Hydrogen Energy Safety Technology Engineering, Hoseo University)
  • 서두현 (피에스피) ;
  • 이광원 (호서대학교 안전소방학부) ;
  • 김태훈 (호서대학교 수소에너지안전기술공학과)
  • Received : 2019.11.28
  • Accepted : 2019.12.20
  • Published : 2019.12.31

Abstract

In order to invigoration the hydrogen economy, production of hydrogen needed for hydrogen charging stations and hydrogen fuel cells is needed. Generally, it is reforming used to coal fuel or natural gas. Other technologies include water electrolysis using pure water. Among these water electrolysis technologies, development is mainly carried out using PEM(Polymer Electrolyte Membrane electrolysis). In this study, the company aims to identify potential harmful hazards to PEM electrolysis hydrogen stations in the development stage among hydrogen charging stations. In order to find the hazardous factors in the facilities of the electrolysis and hydrogen charging stations, we were analyzed by Failure Mode & Effect Analysis(FMEA).

제조식 수소충전소에서 생산되는 수소가스는 일반적으로 석탄연료의 개질 및 부생가스 등을 활용하지만 순수물을 활용한 수전해 기술의 경우 청정한 기술로 각광 받고 있다. 전기에너지를 이용하여 순수한 물로부터 수소를 생산하는 기술 중에는 향후 가격 및 성능 경쟁에서 우수한 PEM(Polymer Electrolyte Membrane electrolysis)을 이용한 개발이 주로 이루어지고 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 국내 수소충전소 중 개발단계에 있는 PEM 수전해 수소충전소에 대해 잠재된 유해위험요소를 확인하여 안전한 수소생산 및 수소충전소의 활성화를 도모하고자 한다. 유해위험요소를 도출하기 위해서는 수전해 수소충전소의 설비 및 장치의 안전성이 우선 확보되어야하기에 FMEA(Failure Mode & Effect Analysis)를 수행함으로써 수전해 및 수소충전소의 설비에서의 유해위험요인을 분석하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 에너지기술평가원

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