Factors of Bodily Pain Among Stroke Patient's Female Caregivers in Their Middle to Older Age

뇌졸중 환자를 돌보는 중·고령층 여성 간병인의 신체통증 영향 요인

  • Moon, Jong-Hoon (Dept. of Healthcare and Public Health Research, National Rehabilitation Research Institute, National Rehabilitation Center) ;
  • Bak, In-Hye (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Daegu Health College)
  • 문종훈 (국립재활원 재활연구소 건강보건연구과) ;
  • 박인혜 (대구보건대학교 작업치료과)
  • Received : 2019.01.09
  • Accepted : 2019.01.31
  • Published : 2019.02.28


Objective: This study aimed to examine the factors affecting bodily pain in women in their middle to older age who are caregivers of stroke patients. Methods: This study selected 75 stroke inpatients and 75 female caregivers in their middle to older age from five hospitals in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. Measurements included general characteristics, cognitive function, upper limb function, and activities of daily living of stroke patients, and general characteristics and bodily pain for the caregivers. We used stepwise multiple regression analysis to determine the factors affecting the bodily pain and Pearson's correlation analysis to confirm the correlation. Results: The factors affecting bodily pain in women in their middle to older age caregivers were the activities of daily living(${\beta}=-.489$, p<.001) and caregiver duration(${\beta}=-.309$, p=.003)($R^2=.276$). Correlation analysis showed that the activities of daily living, upper limb function, and cognitive function of stroke patients were significantly correlated (r=.434~.751, p<.001). Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate that the functional level of stroke patients being cared for and the caregiver duration are important variables for reducing bodily pain in women in their middle to older age.

목적: 본 연구는 뇌졸중 환자를 돌보는 중 고령층 여성 간병인의 신체통증 영향 요인을 탐색하고 하였다. 연구방법: 본 연구는 대구 및 경북 지역에 위치한 병원 5곳에서 뇌졸중 환자 75명과 이들을 간병하는 중 고령층 여성 간병인 75명을 대상으로 수행하였다. 측정은 뇌졸중환자의 일반적 특성, 인지기능, 상지기능, 일상생활능력을 평가하였고, 간병인은 일반적 특성과 신체통증이 평가되었다. 신체통증 영향 요인을 알아보기 위하여 위계적 다중회귀분석(stepwise multiple regression analysis)을 이용하였고 상관관계를 확인하기 위하여 피어슨 상관분석(Pearson correlation analysis)을 이용하였다. 결과: 중 고령층 여성 간병인의 신체통증 영향 요인은 현재 자신이 돌보고 있는 뇌졸중 환자의 일상생활능력(${\beta}=-.489$, p<.001)과 간병경력(${\beta}=-.309$, p=.003)으로 나타났다($R^2=.276$). 상관분석결과, 뇌졸중 환자의 일상생활능력, 상지기능, 인지기능은 유의한 연관성을 나타냈다(r=.434~.751, p<.001). 결론: 본 연구의 결과는 중 고령층 여성 간병인의 신체통증 감소를 위해 현재 자신이 돌보는 뇌졸중 환자의 기능수준과 간병경력이 중요한 변수임을 증명한다.


Table 1. The General Characteristics, Cognitive and Upper Limb Function, Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients

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Table 2. The General Characteristics and Bodily Pain in Middle to Older Age Women Caregivers

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Table 3. Factors Affecting Bodily Pain in Middle to Older Age Women Caregivers

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Table 4. Correlation Relationship Between Activities of Daily Living and Upper Limb Function, Cognitive Function in Middle to Older Age Women Caregivers

SGJOBA_2019_v8n1_63_t0004.png 이미지


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