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A useful additional medial subbrow approach for the treatment of medial orbital wall fracture with subciliary technique

  • Kim, Seung Min (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Cheol Keun (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Jo, Dong In (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Myung Chul (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Seoul Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Ji Nam (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Seoul Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Choi, Hyun Gon (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Seoul Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Shin, Dong Hyeok (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Seoul Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Soon Heum (Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine)
  • Received : 2019.04.10
  • Accepted : 2019.04.20
  • Published : 2019.04.20

Abstract

Background: To date, a variety of surgical approaches have been used to reconstruct the medial orbital wall fracture. Still however, there is still a controversy as to their applicability because of postoperative scars, injury of anatomical structures and limited visual fields. The purpose of this study was to introduce a useful additional medial subbrow approach for better reduction and securement more accurate implant pocket of medial orbital wall fracture with the subciliary technique. Methods: We had performed our technique for a total of 14 patients with medial orbital wall fracture at our medical institution between January 2016 and July 2017. All fractures were operated through subciliary technique combined with the additional medial subbrow approach. They underwent subciliary approach accompanied by medial wall dissection using a Louisville elevator through the slit incision of the medial subbrow procedure. This facilitated visualization of the medial wall fracture site and helped to ensure a more accurate pocket for implant insertion. Results: Postoperative outcomes showed sufficient coverage without displacement. Twelve cases of preoperative diplopia improved to two cases of postoperative diplopia. More than 2 mm enophthalmos was 14 cases preoperatively, improving to 0 case postoperatively. Without damage such as major vessels or extraocular muscles, enophthalmos was corrected and there was no restriction of eyeball motion. Conclusion: Our ancillary procedure was useful in dissecting the medial wall, and it was a safe method as to cause no significant complications in our clinical series. Also, there is an only nonvisible postoperative scar. Therefore, it is a recommendable surgical modality for medial orbital wall fracture.

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