A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Fire Needling Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis: Focused on Comparative Studies with Manual Acupuncture Treatment during Recent Five Years

퇴행성 슬관절염의 화침 치료에 대한 체계적 문헌 고찰 및 메타분석: 최근 5년간의 호침 치료 비교 연구를 중심으로

  • Ko, Hong-Je (Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Dongshin University Mokpo Hospital of Korean Medicine) ;
  • Yoo, Jae-Hee (Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Dongshin University Mokpo Hospital of Korean Medicine) ;
  • Shin, Jeong-Cheol (Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Dongshin University Mokpo Hospital of Korean Medicine)
  • 고홍제 (동신대학교 목포한방병원 침구과) ;
  • 유재희 (동신대학교 목포한방병원 침구과) ;
  • 신정철 (동신대학교 목포한방병원 침구과)
  • Received : 2019.05.16
  • Accepted : 2019.06.10
  • Published : 2019.06.27


Objectives : The purpose of this study is to review the effectiveness of fire needling treatment for knee osteoarthritis in comparison with manual acupuncture treatment. Methods : Through four foreign online databases (PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, and CNKI) and five domestic online databases (NDSL, RISS, KISS, OASIS, and KTKP), we searched for clinical studies that performed fire needling treatment for knee osteoarthritis until May 10, 2019. Only randomized controlled trials were selected and we assessed the risk of bias according to the Cochrane RoB criteria. This review examined the selected studies into first author, publication year, sample size, outcome measurements, results, acupoints, treatment time & period and so on. Results : A total of 7 RCTs were selected in this review and all were conducted in China. Treatment period of more than 4 weeks and treatment visits of 10 to 20 times were the most common. EX-LE4 and ST35 (=EX-LE5) acupoints were most frequently selected in treatment. Among the evaluation indexes, a total efficacy rate was used the most. Most of fire needling groups showed more significant results compared with the manual acupuncture groups statistically. Conclusions : All studies showed that fire needling treatments for knee osteoarthritis were more effective than manual acupuncture treatments statistically. Therefore, the results of this study could be utilized as a preliminary data for another clinical research on fire needling treatment for knee osteoarthritis. However, further well-designed randomized controlled trials will be needed to develop sufficient evidence about the effectiveness and safety of fire needling treatment for knee osteoarthritis in the future.


Supported by : Dongshin University


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