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Effects of a Horse Riding Simulator, Gym-ball and McKenzie Exercises on Back Pain and Balance in Patients with Chronic Back Pain in Their 20s

승마기구운동과 짐볼 운동 그리고 멕켄지 운동이 20대 만성허리통증환자의 허리통증과 정적균형에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Jong-Won (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Min-Young (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Hwa (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Son, Bo-Hyun (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Lee, Su-Min (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Lee, Yu-Jeong (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Jang, Da-Vin (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Je, Hyo-Min (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Ki-Hyun (Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University)
  • 최종원 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김민영 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김성화 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 손보현 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 이수민 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 이유정 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 장다빈 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 제효민 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김기현 (경운대학교 간호보건대학 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2019.05.29
  • Accepted : 2019.08.12
  • Published : 2019.08.31

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a horse riding simulator, gym ball, and McKenzie exercises on back pain and static balance. METHODS: Among 30 participants with chronic back pain and more than 5 points of ODI, 28 participants were selected. Groups of performing either horse riding, gym ball, or McKenzie were chosen randomly to work out two times a week for six weeks. The static balance was measured using a gym plate and the degree of pain was measured by the VAS and K-ODI. RESULTS: When each exercise was applied to back pain patients, the VAS was changed in all three groups but only in the gym-ball exercise group. The K-ODI varied in all three groups but not in the gym-ball exercise group, In the anterior - posterior static balance, all three groups showed changes, but only the riding exercise group was not significant. In the left-right static balance, all three groups were significant. CONCLUSION: This study showed that six-week exercise for back pain patients was effective in improving back pain and balance ability. Continuous exercise minimizes the risk of recurrence and is effective in preventing and treating back pain.

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