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Review on the Kampo Treatment and Education Program for Children with Developmental Disabilities in Japan

일본에서 발달장애아를 대상으로 Kampo치료 및 교육프로그램의 제공에 대한 연구동향

  • Kim, Mi-Suk (Special Education, Teachers College, Baekseok University) ;
  • Ko, Byoung Seob (Herbal Medicine Research Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (KIOM))
  • 김미숙 (백석대학교 사범학부 특수교육과) ;
  • 고병섭 (한국한의학연구원 한약연구부)
  • Received : 2019.10.24
  • Accepted : 2019.11.19
  • Published : 2019.11.30

Abstract

Objectives This study reviewed the effects of a combined treatment with Kampo and Western medicine for Developmental disability in Japan, and the provision of education programs in clinical care. Methods The search database includes J-STAGE. To narrow the search, the following key words were used: 'pervasive developmental disorders, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Learning Disorders or Learning Disabilities, Intellectual Disability, and Kampo'. The search was limited to the publication date from 2001 to 2019. Results 1. Japan analyzed five sections: The usage of the Kampo medicine ranges from 25.2% to 71.6%, and the Kampo medicine was highly used in large cities. 2. In Japan, the educational programs were provided for the caregiver and special educational programs were available for children with disabilities. 3. In Japan, there were 9 studies regarding developmental disability treating with herbal remedies. There were seven clinical trial reports, and two were published in a review or report form. 4. The results showed benefits of using Kampo for patients with lack of Yin in blood in treatment of developmental disorder. It is also important to control the liver qi and Yin in blood. 5. Seven papers reported no side effects or abnormal findings. They have reduced the use of antipsychotics. Conclusions These review studies in regards to the combined treatment of Kampo and Western medicines can be helpful to improve long term side effects of the antipsychotics used in developmental disorders.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 백석대학교

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