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The effect of Horse riding exercise, McKenzie Exercise on back pain and muscle activity in patients with low back pain

승마 운동과 McKenzie 운동이 만성허리통증환자의 허리통증과 근활성도에 미치는 영향

  • Jung, Nam-Jin (Department of Physical Therapy, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Ki-Hyun (Department of Physical Therapy, Kyungwoon University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Sung (Department of Physical Therapy, Kyungwoon University)
  • 정남진 (경운대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김기현 (경운대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김현성 (경운대학교 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2020.10.27
  • Accepted : 2020.12.04
  • Published : 2020.12.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a horseback riding simulator, McKenzie, and gym ball exercises on the Korean-Oswestry Disability Index (K-ODI) and muscle activation in people suffering from chronic low back pain. The study was conducted on 30 adults with a K-ODI of 5 or more and chronic low back pain. This experiment was conducted from May to June 2020. They were randomly divided into the horse-riding exercise group (HEG), McKenzie exercise group (MEG), and the gym ball exercise group (GEG). Each group performed the relevant exercises for six weeks, three times a week. The low back pain was measured with K-ODI, and muscle activation was measured with surface electromyography (SEMG). A paired t-test was conducted to verify the change before and after the experiment in the groups, and a one-way ANOVA was conducted to verify the difference between the three groups. The results of the study showed significant differences before and after the experiment. K-ODI and muscle activity improved (p>.05), and significant differences were also found between the groups (p<.05). This study concluded that horse riding and McKenzie exercises could be effective methods for the treatment of pain and to stabilize the lumbar region in patients with chronic low back pain.

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