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Effects of Wearable Near-Infrared Rays on Knee Pain in Korean Elderly Adults

  • Lee, Jin-Min (Department of nursing, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Kye-Ha (Ex-Department of Computer and Electron Communication, Yanbian University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2020.10.02
  • Accepted : 2020.11.28
  • Published : 2020.12.31

Abstract

To investigate the effects of wearable near-infrared ray-emitting knee pads on knee pain among elderly adults in Korea. Randomized controlled trial evaluating the effects of near-infrared rays (NIR) on knee pain in Korean elderly adults. Five community-based research facilities (two welfare centers, a senior citizen center, and two churches). Forty-seven participants aged 65 years and older who had experienced knee pain. The experimental group (n = 25) wore NIR-emitting knee pads for one month at nighttime while sleeping. The control group (n = 22) wore knee pads without NIR. Demographic characteristics, intensity and duration of knee pain, amount of analgesic medication used, range of motion, gait speed, and health-related quality of life were collected using questionnaires. The experimental group showed decreased intensity (t = -6.17, p < 0.001) and duration (t = -3.34, p = 0.002) of knee pain and reduced analgesic use (t = -2.30, p = 0.026) compared to the control group. NIR may be an effective non-pharmacological option for relieving knee pain in elderly adults.

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