Effects of Hermetia Illucens Supplementation on Fecal Score, Blood Profiles, Immune Response and Small Intestinal Morphology in Weaned Pigs

이유자돈 사료 내 동애등에(Hermetia illucens)의 첨가가 분변지수, 혈액성상, 면역반응 및 소장형태에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Yo-Han (Swine Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Jo-Eun (Swine Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Jung, Hyun-Jung (Swine Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Cho, Eun Seok (Swine Science Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Woo (Department of Animal Industry Convergence, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Soo (Department of Animal Industry Convergence, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • 최요한 (농진청 국립축산과학원 양돈과) ;
  • 김조은 (농진청 국립축산과학원 양돈과) ;
  • 정현정 (농진청 국립축산과학원 양돈과) ;
  • 조은석 (농진청 국립축산과학원 양돈과) ;
  • 김동우 (강원대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물산업융합학과) ;
  • 김진수 (강원대학교 동물생명과학대학 동물산업융합학과)
  • Received : 2020.01.15
  • Accepted : 2020.04.03
  • Published : 2020.04.29


This study was undertaken to determine the effects of feed supplementation with Hermetia illucens (HI) on the fecal score, blood profiles, immune response, and small intestinal morphology in weaned pigs. A total of 24 weaned pigs (Landrace×Yorkshire×Duroc; 5.86±0.13 kg) were randomly allotted to 4 treatments and 6 replicates on the basis of initial body weight. The experiment was accomplished over 0-14 days. The dietary treatments included a corn-soybean meal diet supplemented with 0, 1, 2, and 3% HI. A linear response to increasing dietary HI was observed for the number of monocytes (p<0.01) and eosinophils (p<0.05), whereas red blood cells tended to decrease with increasing HI levels. Plasma TNF-α levels were also determined to linearly decrease with HI supplementation (p=0.07). Moreover, a linearly decreasing tendency (p=0.06) was observed in the fecal score with increasing dietary levels of HI. Weaned pigs fed diets supplemented with increasing dietary concentrations of HI showed linearly improved (p<0.05) duodenal villus height during the study period. Taken together, these results indicate the beneficial effects of HI on diarrhea reduction, immune response, and small intestinal morphology in weaned pigs.

본 실험은 사료 내 동애등에(HI, Hermetia illucens)의 첨가가 이유자돈의 분변지수, 혈액성상, 면역반응 및 소장형태에 미치는 영향을 구명하기 위해 수행하였다. 본 실험을 위해 총 24두의 이유자돈(Landrace×Yorkshire×Duroc; 5.86±0.13 kg)을 공시하였으며, 개시체중에 기반하여, 4처리 6반복, 반복당 1두씩 완전임의 배치하였다. 실험기간은 0~14일간 진행하였다. 실험 처리구는 옥수수-대두박 기초사료를 대조구로 하여 기초사료 내 HI를 1, 2 및 3% 첨가한 처리구가 포함되었다. 혈액성상에서 사료 내 HI의 첨가수준이 증가함에 따라 혈중 단핵구(p<0.01)와 호산구(p<0.05)가 유의적으로 증가하는 것으로 나타났으며, 적혈구는 선형적으로 감소하는 경향이 관찰되었다(p=0.08). 한편, 면역반응에서 혈 중 TNF-α의 수치는 사료 내 HI의 첨가수준이 증가함에 따라 선형적으로 감소하는 경향이 관찰되었으며(p=0.067), 분변지수 또한 HI의 첨가수준이 증가함에 따라 선형적으로 감소하는 경향이 관찰되었다(p=0.058). 소장형태에서 십이지장의 융모 높이는 HI의 첨가수준이 증가할수록 개선되는 유의적인 효과가 나타났다(p<0.05). 본 실험의 결과들을 종합해 보면, 사료 내 HI 첨가는 이유자돈의 설사저감, 면역반응 및 소장형태에 긍정적인 효과를 미치는 것을 시사한다.



Supported by : 농촌진흥청


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