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안강망어선에서 조업하는 선원의 위험도 평가

Risk evaluation of fisher's safety on stow net fishing vessel

  • 현윤기 (해양수산부 수산정책실 지도교섭과) ;
  • 김형석 (부경대학교 해양생산시스템관리학부) ;
  • 이유원 (부경대학교 실습선)
  • HYUN, Yun-Ki (Fisheries Policy Office, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries) ;
  • KIM, Hyung-seok (Division of Marine Production System Management, Pukyong National University) ;
  • LEE, Yoo-Won (Training ship, Pukyong National University)
  • 투고 : 2020.04.02
  • 심사 : 2020.05.04
  • 발행 : 2020.05.31

초록

Stow net fishery is one of the fishery with high fishing work accidents in southwestern sea of Korea. We conducted to serve as basic data for improving the healthy and safe working environment of fisher using risk assessment process (ISO45001) with fishermen's occupational accidents of the National Federation of Fisheries Cooperative (NFFC) from 2016 to 2018. The average occurrence rate of victim in this fishery was 9.04%, 16.7 times more than such rate in all industries. In addition, the average fatality rate was found to have a very serious level management to 31.06‱, 27.7 times more than such rate in all industries. The safety hazards of stow net fishery was more likely to occur by other general industrial groups, with more severe consequences after the accident. According to 4M analysis, 58.6% of all accidents were caused by human factors, 24.0% by environmental factors, 16.0% by mechanical factors, and 1.5% by managerial factors, respectively. The occurrence frequency by accident type was the highest in 187 cases (32.2%) for struck by object, 158 cases (27.2%) for slipping, and 94 cases (16.2%) for being in contact with machinery. Severity is the highest for others such as diseases etc., in the order of being struck by object, being in contact with machinery, falling from above slipping, collapsing, bumping, and burning. Being struck by object, being in contact with machinery, and slipping are high-risk groups, falling from above others, bumping, and burning are medium-risk groups based on the risk assessment using the occurrence frequency and severity of accident. The obtained results are expected to contribute to the safe operation environment subsidy for fishing crews on the stow net fishing vessel.

참고문헌

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