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Measuring Inter-industry Convergence using Structural Holes Theory: Focusing on ICT Industries

구조적 공백 이론을 이용한 산업간 융합 측정 연구: ICT 산업을 중심으로

  • Received : 2020.03.18
  • Accepted : 2020.04.10
  • Published : 2020.06.30

Abstract

This study seeks to measure inter-industry convergence systematically and quantitatively using structural holes theory. ICT industries were classified into ICT manufacturing and ICT service then efficiency and constraints were calculated using input-output tables. The results of the study revealed both ICT industries have very high information and control benefits in the process of industrial convergence, proving to be key industries with competitive advantage. Further implications were presented based on comparative analysis between ICT manufacturing and service and trend analysis over the past 15 years.

ICT 기반 산업 융합의 중요성이 대두됨에 따라 본 연구에서는 이를 체계적인 방법으로 정량화하여 측정하고자 한다. 구체적으로는 ICT 산업을 ICT 제조업과 ICT 서비스업으로 분류한 후, 구조적 공백 이론 관점에서 산업연관표의 데이터를 분석하여 산업 간 융합 네트워크 구조에서의 ICT 산업의 효율성과 제약성을 확인하였다. 분석 결과 ICT 제조업과 ICT 서비스업 모두 정보 효익과 통제 효익이 매우 높은 것으로 드러나, 산업 간 융합 과정에서 경쟁 우위의 위치에 있는 핵심 산업인 것으로 입증되었다. 또한, ICT 제조업과 ICT 서비스업의 직접적인 비교와 지난 15년간의 추세 분석 결과를 토대로 추가적인 시사점을 제시하였다.

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