청소년의 사회관계가 진로발달과 대학생활만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 융합적 연구

A Convergent Study Assessing the Effects of Youth's Social Relationships on Career Development and College Life Satisfaction

  • 원지영 (강남대학교 사회복지학부)
  • 투고 : 2020.05.29
  • 심사 : 2020.08.20
  • 발행 : 2020.08.28


본 연구는 대학 진학 전·후 진로발달과 대학생활 만족도 간의 관계를 확인하고 이에 영향을 미치는 요인으로서 부모, 또래, 교사와의 사회관계에 대해 검증하는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 이를 위하여 한국청소년정책연구원에서 2010년부터 조사한 한국아동·청소년패널 조사(Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey: KCYPS)를 활용하였다. 연구결과를 살펴보면, 진로발달과 대학생활 만족도 간에는 정적인 상관관계를 보였다. 또한, 부모 또는 또래와의 지지적 관계는 고등학생 시기 진로정체감 수준과 이후 대학생활만족에 유의한 영향을 미쳤다. 그 밖에, 고등학생 시기 교사와 긍정적 관계를 형성한 청소년의 경우 대학 진학 후 진로 결정 수준이 높은 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 연구결과는 개인의 진로발달 수준에 맞는 개별화된 진로교육의 필요성을 시사하였다. 또한, 긍정적인 사회관계를 형성, 유지, 발전시키기 위한 융합적 접근은 청소년의 진로발달에 지속적이고 긍정적인 영향을 미칠 것으로 보인다.

The study purposed to assess how the career development before and after entering college was related to youth's college life satisfaction, and examined the effect of social relationships with parents, peers, and teachers on the association between youth's career development and their satisfaction with college lives. For this purpose, the study utilized the data of Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute since 2010. The study found that there was a positive correlation between career development and college life satisfaction. In addition, supportive relationships with parents and peers had significant effects on the level of career identity during high school and later satisfaction with college life. It was also found that youth who had a positive relationship with teachers in high school had a high level of career decision after entering college. The results of this study suggested the necessity of individualized career education appropriate for youth's career development levels. In addition, convergent approaches to build, maintain and develop positive social relationships could have a lasting and positive impact on youth's career development.



  1. E. J. Porfeli & B. Lee. (2012). Career development during childhood and adolescence. New Directions for Youth Development, 134, 11-22.
  2. E. Crocetti & M. Meeus. (2015). The identity statuses: Strength of a person-centered approach. In K. C. Mclean & M. Syled. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Identity Development (pp. 97-114). New York: Oxford University Press.
  3. E. Ginzberg, S. W. Ginsburg, S. Axelrad & J. L. Herma. (1951). Occupational Choice: An Approach to a General Theory. New York: Columbia University Press.
  4. H. G. Kang, J. N. Song, S. J. Jung & S. H. Yi. (2015). A Study on the effects of career decision level in early adolescence and university-major satisfaction on identity developmental trajectories. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 18(3), 57-88.
  5. S. K. Kim. (2003). Life Stress in Freshman and Adjustment to College. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 10(2), 215-237.
  6. K. H. Yoo & J. K. Kim. (2016). A Review Study on Adjustment of College Freshmen for Suggesting Adaptation Program. Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 16(8), 580-591.
  7. J. C. Lee & A. J. Hong. (2012). Exploring factors on university students' career self-efficacy and employability. Korean Journal of Educational Research, 50(3), 177-206.
  8. M. H. Hwang, H. C. Choi & H. J. Lim. (2016). The longitudinal relationship among adolescents peer attachment, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Asian Journal of Education, 17(3), 195-220.
  9. Y. Son & S. Lee. (2019). The analysis of choice of university and major among undergraduate students: Focusing on the relationship to career identity by using the latent transition analysis. The Journal of Career Education Research, 32(3), 139-157.
  10. J. L. Holland & J. E. Holland. (1977). Vocational indecision: More evidence and speculation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 24, 404-414.
  11. J. K. Lee. (2006). The relationship among parent's social support, career decision-making self-efficacy, and career identity in the third grade of high school students. The Korean Society of Education Psychology, 20(3), 571-586.
  12. I. S. Kim, M. J. Son & H. G. Park. (2017). The effects of dysfunctional attitude of college students on job-seeking anxiety. Korea Academy Industrial Cooperation Society, 18(2), 302-312.
  13. E. Lee, S. Oh & H. Kwak. (2019). Longitudinal study among social support, career decision of adolescents. The Korean Society for the Study of Career Education, 32(4), 307-329.
  14. H. J. Shin & M. H. Lee. (2011). A four-year longitudinal study on development of career maturity in adolescents: effect on stress, aggression, depression. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 18(7), 139-161.
  15. Y. K. Au. (2008). Effect of school stress and melancholy disposition on adolescences learning flow: The moderating effect of career perspectives. The Journal of Career Education Research, 29(3), 97-117.
  16. M. H. Jo, H. Y. Lee & H. W. Lee. (2013). Longitudinal change and structural relationship among career development, school life satisfaction, and achievement of high school students. The Journal of Career Education Research, 26(2), 91-112.
  17. E. S. Kim. (2015). A Study on the difference of job satisfaction by means of major selection criteria of college graduates. The Journal of Career Education Research, 28(3), 85-101.
  18. H. Jung & A. Cho. (2018). The relationship between youth university/major selection factor latent profile analysis (LPA) and university satisfaction level. The Journal of Career Education Research, 31(1), 1-20.
  19. D. Y. Lee, I. H. Kim & T. Y. Go. (2011). A study on the career consciousness and the recognition of career development programs in local national university. Journal of Employment and Career, 1(2), 41-68.
  20. K. M. Jang. (2005). The Influence of university students' career decision level and academic self-efficacy on their adjustment to university. The Korea Journal of Counseling, 6(1), 185-196.
  21. A. R. Nam & H. Jung. (2012). The Study on the adaptation to college life by patterns of career choice and career indecision. Youth Facility and Environment, 10(3), 27-37.
  22. E. M. Lim, M. S. Song & S. J. Lee. (2011). The relationship among career identity, career decision-making self-efficacy, and major transition preparation of college students. The Journal of Career Education Research, 24(4), 1-20.
  23. E. S. Jung & J. H. Ha. (2019). The study on the relationship between cognitive flexibility, life adaptation and depression on university students: Verification of medication effect of career indecision. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 26(6), 25-50.
  24. H. S. Kim (2018). Analysis of factors affecting college students career decision, Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 18(12), 251-262.
  25. J. Y. Lee. (2017). The effect of the satisfaction with major on career exploration behavior of the students in the department of airline service: Focused on the comparison between 2year and 4year colleges. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 8(4), 207-218. DOI: 10.15207/JKCS.2017.8.4.207
  26. Y. J. Hong & M. K. Lee. (2014). Effects of parent-adolescent relationship on anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity and depression: Moderating effects of resilience. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 21(10), 445-474.
  27. C. H. Yoon. (2015). The mediating effect of basic psychological needs on the relation of perceived social support and high school students' career identity: A self-determination theory approach. Asian Journal of Education, 16(4), 129-154.
  28. Y. J. Kwon. (2017). The mediating effect of career identity and the moderating effect of delinquency on the relationship between perceived parenting attitudes and adolescents' adjustment to school. Journal of School Social Work, 39, 177-204.
  29. E. Jung & D. Ahn. (2018). Influences of parental psychological control and autonomy support on career adaptability of university students: Mediating effects of career decision-making autonomy. The Journal of Career Education Research, 31(2), 171-192.
  30. D. E. Felsman & D. L. Blustein. (1999). The role of peer relatedness in late adolescent career development. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39(6), 1191-1200.
  31. E. S. Moon. (2015). The structural relationship among peer attachment, ego-identity, and career identity influencing middle school students' school adjustment. The Korea Journal of the Human Development, 22(1), 21-35.
  32. S. J. Kwon, J. R. Park & J. Y. Kim. (2017). Influence of peer attachment on career identity of adolescents: Testing the mediating effect of sense of community and school adjustment. Social Science Research Review, 33(2), 29-51.
  33. S. K. Lee. (2006). Korean high school students' vocational identity and school related variables. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 18(3), 613-627.
  34. Y. Cho & I. Oh. (2019). The relation of life goal types and life satisfactions depending on perceived types of parenting style by college students. Journal of Learner-Centered Curriculum and Instruction, 19(11), 1327-1346.
  35. S. J. Park & S. R. Choi. (2019). The effect of parenting styles on satisfaction to college life: The mediating effect of dependency on the smartphone in the era of fusion and convergence. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 9(6), 121-129. DOI: 10.22156/CS4SMB.2019.9.6.121
  36. S. M. Park, J. Y. Park & P. G. Kim. (2018). A study on the mediating effects of academic stress on college students' social supports and college adjustment. Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 18(9), 684-695.
  37. J. Y. Song. (2017). The effects of interpersonal relation and social support on college freshmen's adaptation to college life. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, 18(12), 335-345.
  38. M. J. Park, Y. L. Ham & D. N. Oh. (2012). Levels and their Correlations of decision-making-competency, adjustment to college life, satisfaction to college life in freshmen. Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 12(4), 327-337.
  39. M. R. Kim & S. J. Han. (2018). The effects of personal, social factors and school career experience on high school students' self-efficacy and career maturity. Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, 9(9), 399-405. DOI: 10.15207/JKCS.2018.9.9.399
  40. B. W. Westbrook, J. O. Cutts, S. S. Madison & M. A. Arcia. (1980). The validity of Crites' model of career maturity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 16, 249-281.
  41. M. S. Min, H. R. Hue & H. M. Kim. (2002). The Current Status and Policy Tasks of the Colleges' support for the Transition of Female College Students to the World of Jobs. Seoul: Korean Women's Development Institute.
  42. K. M. Taylor & J. Pompa. (1990). An examination for the relationships among career decision making self-efficacy, career salience, locus of control and vocational indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 37(1), 17-31.
  43. C. Park. (2018). Effects of career education participation of college students on labor market performance. Quarterly Journal of Labor Policy, 18(4), 51-75.