The relations between oral health knowledge and practice in pregnant women according to childbirth experience

출산 경험에 따른 임산부의 구강건강지식도와 실천도의 관련성

  • Ahn, Kwon-Suk (Department of Dental Hygiene, Chodang University)
  • 안권숙 (초당대학교 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2020.06.12
  • Accepted : 2020.08.20
  • Published : 2020.08.28


The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting the practice of oral health care in pregnant women. A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 203 pregnant women who visited the OBGY office located in Daejeon, for the period March 2~30, 2019. In the knowledge of systemic health behavior, non-experiece childbirth was higher than that of experience childbirth(p<0.01). Factors affecting the practice for oral health management of pregnant women, education level, pre-pregnancy oral examination and treatment experience, experience of oral condition change due to pregnancy, and knowledge of oral health management in pregnant women, and predictive power was 26.9%(p<0.05). To expand the target of oral health education for pregnant women and oral health education program that can improve the practice rate should be developed.

임산부의 출산 경험에 따른 구강보건에 대한 지식 및 실천도를 확인하고, 구강건강관리 실천도에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하고자 한다. 대전광역시 소재 산부인과에 내원 중인 임산부를 대상으로 2019년 3월 2일부터 30일까지 자기기입식 설문조사를 실시하였다. SPSS WIN(ver 19.0) 프로그램을 이용하여 임산부의 구강건강관리에 대한 지식도와 실천도는 출산 경험에 따라 t-test를 실시하였고, 실천도에 영향을 미치는 요인은 다중회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과, 구강건강관리에 대한 지식도는 전신건강행위 문항에서 '출산 무경험인 임부'가 '출산 경험이 있는 임산부'보다 높게 나타났다. 임산부의 구강건강관리 실천도에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 교육수준, 임신 전 구강검진 및 치료 경험, 임신으로 인한 구강상태 변화 경험, 임산부의 구강건강관리 지식도로 나타났고, 설명력은 26.9%이었다. 따라서 임산부의 구강보건교육 대상 범위 확대와 실천율을 향상시킬 수 있는 구강보건교육 프로그램 개발이 필요하다.



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