The Effect of 30Hz Whole Body Vibration Exercise on the Thickness and Mechanical Properties of the Erector Spinae

30Hz 전신 진동운동이 척추세움근의 두께와 기계적 속성에 미치는 영향

  • 박재철 (남부대학교 물리치료학과) ;
  • 김용남 (남부대학교 물리치료학과)
  • Received : 2020.08.10
  • Accepted : 2021.01.08
  • Published : 2021.01.31


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of applying whole body vibration exercise at 30 Hz on the thickness and mechanical properties of the erector spinae. The study population included 24 adults (11 male and 13 female) in the N region. The subjects were divided into two groups, a 30Hz whole body vibration exercise(WG, n=12) and an LSG(12 subjects). Changes in the thickness and mechanical properties of the erector spinae were analyzed before the exercises and after four and eight weeks of exercises using a two-way repeated analysis of variance with a statistical significance level of α=0.05. When there was an interaction between the groups and measurement times, post hoc analyses were conducted at a statistical significance level of α=0.01. The thickness, frequency, stiffness and strain of the erector spinae muscles were significantly different in each time period and in the interaction between time period and the group (P<0.05), and recovery was significantly different only in each time period (P<0.05). Thus, 30Hz whole body vibration exercise had a positive effect on the thickness and mechanical properties of the erector spinae. The results of this preliminary study suggest that whole body vibration exercise may find a place as a lumbar stabilization exercise in clinical practice in the future.

본 연구는 30Hz 전신 진동운동 적용이 척추세움근의 형태인 두께 변화와 근육의 특성 변화인 기계적 속성에 미치는 영향을 알아보는 데 그 목적이 있다. N 지역에 거주하는 성인 남성 11명, 여성 13명 총 24명으로 모집단을 구성하였고 30Hz 전신 진동 운동군 12명, 허리 안정화 운동군 12명으로 나누어 시기별, 군간 상호작용, 군간 변화를 확인하기 위해 운동 전, 4주 후, 8주 후로 시기를 나누어 척추세움근의 두께와 근육 기계적 속성의 변화를 2요인 반복측정 분산분석(two-way repeated ANOVA)을 이용하였고 유의수준 α=0.05로 하였다. 시기와 군간 상호작용이 있는 경우에는 사후분석을 하였으며 유의수준 α=0.01로 하였다. 척추세움근의 두께, 주파수, 강성, 변형률은 시기별, 시기와 군간 상호작용에서 유의한 차이가 있었고(P<0.05), 원형회복속도는 시기별에서만 유의한 차이가 있었다(P<0.05). 본 연구 결과를 보면 30Hz 전신 진동운동은 척추세움근의 두께와 기계적 속성에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다는 것을 알 수가 있어 향후 전신 진동운동 기초자료와 임상에서 허리 안정화 운동으로 활용 가능성을 제시한다.



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