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A Study on Crime Prediction to Reduce Crime Rate Based on Artificial Intelligence

  • KIM, Kyoung-Sook (Department of Medical IT, Eulji University) ;
  • JEONG, Yeong-Hoon (Consulting & Project Management unit, LG Uplus Corp.)
  • Received : 2021.02.21
  • Accepted : 2021.06.05
  • Published : 2021.06.30

Abstract

This paper was conducted to prevent and respond to crimes by predicting crimes based on artificial intelligence. While the quality of life is improving with the recent development of science and technology, various problems such as poverty, unemployment, and crime occur. Among them, in the case of crime problems, the importance of crime prediction increases as they become more intelligent, advanced, and diversified. For all crimes, it is more critical to predict and prevent crimes in advance than to deal with them well after they occur. Therefore, in this paper, we predicted crime types and crime tools using the Multiclass Logistic Regression algorithm and Multiclass Neural Network algorithm of machine learning. Multiclass Logistic Regression algorithm showed higher accuracy, precision, and recall for analysis and prediction than Multiclass Neural Network algorithm. Through these analysis results, it is expected to contribute to a more pleasant and safe life by implementing a crime prediction system that predicts and prevents various crimes. Through further research, this researcher plans to create a model that predicts the probability of a criminal committing a crime again according to the type of offense and deploy it to a web service.

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