Objectives: This study investigated the effect of Korean medicine on an elderly patient with posterior circulation cerebral infarction, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and early neurological deterioration (END). Methods: The patient, who already had CKD, was treated with Korean medicine, comprising herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxa, and cupping combined with Western medicine (antiplatelet, diabetes) and physical therapy. A manual muscle test (MMT) and a modified Barthel index (MBI) were used to observe the treatment effects, and blood tests were performed to check estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), which represent renal function. Results: After the treatment, MMT, MBI, and renal function scores had increased. Conclusions: This study suggests that Korean medicine can effectively treat posterior circulation cerebral infarction with END in CKD, but further studies should be conducted.
Objective: This study investigated the efficacy of using Nokyonggunbi-tang and other Korean medical treatments for a patient with consumptive disease and chronic fatigue. Methods: A 59-year-old female patient with fatigue, headache, dizziness, and neck pain due to consumptive disease and chronic fatigue was treated with herbal medicine (Nokyonggunbi-tang), together with acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, cupping, and chuna manual therapy, for 22 days. The treatment effects on the pain were evaluated using the scores for the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5d) Scale, Neck Disability Index (NDI), and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). Results: Following treatment, the patient showed a decrease in the FSS, NDI, and NRS scores and an improvement in the EQ-5d score. Conclusions: Nokyonggunbi-tang and Korean medical treatment significantly improved fatigue symptoms in a patient with no substrate disease.
Objectives: This study assessed the effect of a combination of Korean medicine and immunotherapy on three papillary thyroid cancer patients following thyroidectomy. Methods: The three patients who underwent thyroidectomy received Korean medical treatments, including acupuncture, moxibustion, pharmacopuncture, and immunotherapy. To evaluate the patients, symptoms were measured using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and Karnofsky Performance Status Scale (KPS). Blood tests, including thyroid function tests, were conducted during treatment. Results: After treatment, postoperative pain and general weakness were gradually alleviated. Conclusions: These cases provide evidence that treatment with a combination of Korean medicine and immunotherapy can have substantial benefits for postoperative complications following thyroidectomy.
Objectives: This study investigated the effectiveness of Dong's acupuncture for pain associated with a varicocele. Methods: A 23-year-old male patient visited for pain due to varicocele that occurred on March 2 and was treated with acupuncture and moxibustion three times on March 16, 17, and 19. The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used to evaluate the patient's pain. Results: After the three treatments, the NRS scores decreased, and the patient's subjective symptoms improved. Also, the patient required no medication for a week from the date of treatment start. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that Korean medicine may be an option for treating a painful varicocele, but further research is required for confirmation.
Objective: This study examined a case in which insomnia and pain due to herniated intervertebral disks were improved by treatment with an oriental herbal and the administration of Uhwangchungsim-won. Case Summary: Three patients with insomnia diagnosed with herniated intervertebral disks were treated with a series of Korean medical therapies, including the herbal medication Uhwangchungsim-won, acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, and physical therapy. We used the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) to measure subjective sleep states and the European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5d) Scale to evaluate the therapeutic effect. Following treatment, subjective sleep states and the overall scores for pain had improved. Conclusion: The results indicate that Korean medical therapies with Uhwangchungsim-won have beneficial effects on insomnia for patients with herniated intervertebral disks.
Objective: This case report describes a patient who suffered a drug-induced liver injury and was treated with Saengganggeonbi-tang. Methods: A patient was treated with Korean herbal medicine, and the treatment effect was evaluated using liver function tests (LFT) to determine total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Results: The patient's LFT levels were normal on 27 July 2021 but became abnormal by 12 August 2021 after taking Western drugs. After 15 days of treatment with Saengganggeonbi-tang, the LFT levels had improved. Conclusion: This study shows that Saenggangeonbi-tang may be an effective treatment for drug-induced liver injury.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate a case of a patient with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) type 2 whose condition improved following treatment with Korean medicine. Methods: A 25-year-old man, diagnosed with SCA type 2, was treated with herbal medicine (Yukmijiwhang-tang-gami), acupuncture, and physical treatment. The therapeutic effect was evaluated using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and gait status. Results: Following treatment, the BBS score increased, and gait ataxia improved. Conclusions: This case study suggests that Korean medicine could be effective for relieving symptoms of SCA type 2.
Objectives: This study examined the effects of Gamisachil-tang on an anorexic patient with depression. Methods: A patient suffering from anorexia and depression was treated with Korean herbal medicine (Gamisachil-tang) for 14 days. To evaluate the therapeutic effect, we measured the daily food intake of the patient and used the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for anorexia. Results: Following treatment, both the patient's daily food intake of the patient and VAS score for anorexia had improved. Conclusion: These results suggest that Gamisachil-tang has a beneficial effect on both anorexia and depression.
Objectives: This study investigated the efficacy of Korean medical treatment for reflux esophagitis. Methods: We used Korean medical treatment (herbal medicines, acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, and therapy) to treat a hospitalized patient with reflux esophagitis. To evaluate the treatment, we measured the symptoms using the Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for heartburn, acid reflux, chest pain, foreign body sensations in the throat, chronic cough, hoarseness, and bronchial asthma. The generic health status was evaluated using the European Quality of Life Five-Dimension (EQ-5d) Scale. Results: The RSI and EQ-5d scores improved following treatment, but the VAS scores showed that only heartburn, acid reflux, and chest pain symptoms were relieved. Conclusions: This study suggests that Korean medicine may be effective for treating reflux esophagitis.
Objectives: This study considered the effectiveness of integrative Korean medical treatment for stress-induced hypertensive patients without the use of conventional medication. Methods: A 62-year-old female with stress-induced hypertension (HTN) was hospitalized for 33 days. Her pattern identification was ascendant hyperactivity of liver yang (Ganyangsanghang)-type HTN. Herbal medicine and acupuncture were used for the treatment: Cheonggansoyo-san for 33 days and Chunwangbosim-dan for 15 days, together with acupuncture for 20 minutes twice a day. Blood pressure was checked daily during hospitalization with a digital sphygmomanometer in the brachial artery. Results: After 33 days of treatment, blood pressure decreased. The Handicap Inventory (DHI) scale and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores both decreased. The patient also reported fewer complaints. A five-month follow-up after discharge, with no further treatment, confirmed stable blood pressure. Symptom improvements continued with no significant side effects. Conclusions: This study indicates that Korean medical treatment is effective for stress-induced hypertensive patients.
Objectives: This study examined the case of a patient with ROS1-positive recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer treated with crizotinib and traditional Korean medicine. Methods: The patient was treated with crizotinib from January 20 2021 to May 22 2021, together with Haedogyangpye-tang and Haengso-tang. The tumor size was measured using computed tomography (CT), and adverse events were evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) version 5.0. Results: After four months of combined treatment, the sizes of the lymph nodes in the porta hepatis, hepatoduodenal, retrocrural, aortocaval, and para-aortic areas had decreased, and no lymph nodes larger than 1 cm in diameter were observed. The side effects of chemotherapy also improved. Conclusions: This case study suggests that traditional Korean medicine may alleviate the side effects of chemotherapy, improve quality of life, and complement chemotherapy itself.
Parkinson's syndrome is a degenerative brain disease that presents characteristic motor symptoms of tremor, rigidity, and gait disturbance. In addition to these motor symptoms, Parkinson's syndrome also presents non-motor symptoms (NMSs) such as sleep disturbance and cognitive decline. NMSs reduce patient's quality of life and psychosocial functioning and cause economic burden on the patient, so appropriate evaluation and treatment are required. Lewy body dementia is one of the several diseases belonging to Parkinson's syndrome. Its symptoms such as cognitive function, memory impairment, and hallucinations occur with Parkinsonism. Although drug therapy is being used with drug treatment to treat non-motor symptoms, it has limitations such as side effects, which stimulated interest in other complementary treatment methods such as oriental medicine treatment, dance, and yoga. The patient in this case complained of tremor in the right upper extremity, muscle hypertension and pain, and persistent vision, memory, and cognitive decline. The patient was diagnosed with probable Lewy body dementia. The patient was hospitalized for 4 months and received acupuncture and herbal medicines. After treatment, the patient's NMS scale scores decreased from 90 to 63, and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale scores (summed I, II, and III) decreased from 17 points to 8 points. The Beck Depression Inventory score decreased from 22 points to 13 points. In addition, the patient's subjective evaluation revealed improvement. In this case, a patient diagnosed with probable Lewy body dementia who did not respond to the standard treatment and did not want to take medications showed improvement in not only motor symptoms but also NMSs after integrative Korean medicine treatment.
Objective: This study evaluated a clinical case of a patient with Rovazet-induced abnormal liver function treated with intradermal acupuncture. Method: A 59-year-old woman with abnormal liver function induced by Rovazet ceased taking the drug and instead received intradermal acupuncture treatment. After 15 days, clinical symptoms and laboratory test results were evaluated. Results: Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels decreased, and clinical symptoms such as nausea and fatigue improved after treatment with intradermal acupuncture and cessation of the Rovazet. Conclusion: This study meaningfully examined a clinical case of a patient with abnormal liver function induced by a lipid-lowering agent, which is uncommon in Korea. Unfortunately, the lack of clear evidence and the use of only one case are limitations of the study.
Objectives: This case study examined the effectiveness of Korean medical treatment for pediatric Crohn's disease. Methods: A 15-year-old female Korean patient with Crohn's disease received acupuncture, electroacupuncture, herbal medicine, moxibustion, and aromatherapy treatment for 1 month in a hospital. Results: Decreases in the Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index score (from 22.5 to 7.5) and the size of two abscesses (from 39.97 mm to 33.36 mm, and from 28.14 mm to 18.71 mm) according to an abdominal CT were observed following treatment. Nausea and vomiting disappeared, stool condition improved, and weight increased (from 30 kg to 33 kg) following treatment. Nausea and vomiting disappeared, stool condition improved, and weight increased (from 30 kg to 33 kg) following treatment. Conclusion: It would be worth examining the long-term effectiveness of Korean medical treatment for pediatric Crohn's disease.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Korean medical treatment on a fibromyalgia patient with gastrointestinal symptoms, using herbal medicines selected according to new rather than existing standards. Method: A 52-year-old female patient with fibromyalgia was treated with Odu-tang and acupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion for 22 days. To evaluate the treatment, we used the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), American College of Rheumatology's Preliminary Diagnostic Criteria (ACR), and Korean Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (KGSRS). Result: Following treatment, pantalgia diminished, NRS, and ACR scores improved, and the GSRS score decreased from 29 to 11. Conclusion: This study suggests that Korean medical treatment could effectively reduce pain and improve digestive symptoms in patients with fibromyalgia. It also presents a new method that considers individual characteristics when choosing herbal medicine.
Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of Pyung-Hyung acupuncture and herbal medicine for a hemiplegic patient diagnosed with intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods: The patient was treated with Pyung-Hyung acupuncture and herbal medicine for one month. Intracerebral hemorrhage symptoms were evaluated using the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI), the Manual Muscle Test (MMT), and brain CT images. Results: Following Pyung-Hyung acupuncture and herbal medicine, K-MBI, MMT, and brain CT image results improved. Conclusion: This case showed that Pyung-Hyung acupuncture and herbal medicine effectively treated intracerebral hemorrhage with hemiplegia.
Background: This case study suggests the potential usefulness of Korean medicine treatment with herbal medicines for shoulder pain and improving the quality of life of patients with frozen shoulder. Case Summary: A patient had shoulder pain and decreased daily living function due to frozen shoulder. Korean medicine treatments, including herbal medicine; acupuncture at points TE14, HT1, BL11, SI10, and LI15; and pharma-acupuncture containing Sinbaro, were applied for 31 days. The Numeric Rating Scale scores for shoulder pain decreased from 7 to 4, and the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index scores decreased from 71.54 to 66.15, with an increase in range of motion from 30° flexion, 60° abduction, and 10° external rotation to around the normal range of motion. Conclusion: Korean medicine treatment can be considered an effective conservative management option for pain and decreased daily living function in patients with frozen shoulder.
Objectives: This study investigated the efficacy of Korean medical treatment for a headache (suspected CPSP) patient with a history of cerebral infarction. Methods: We treated the patient using Korean medical treatments (herbal medicines-Kamiseokyong-tang, acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, and chuna). The treatments were measured using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and the Neck Disability Index (NDI) for headache and post neck pain. General health status was evaluated using the European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5d) Scale. Results: We observed improvements in the NRS, NDI, and EQ-5d scores after the treatments. Conclusions: This study suggests that Korean medicine may effectively treat headaches (suspected CPSP) with accompanying cerebral infarction.
This study is a case report of Korean medicine treatment for a patient with quadriplegia and impaired cognition as neurological sequelae after ingestion of herbicides. A 59-year-old man with toxic encephalopathy and hypoxic encephalopathy after the ingestion of herbicides was treated with acupuncture, Hyulbuchuko-tang mixed with Ondam-tang-gami (血府逐瘀湯合溫膽湯加味), cupping, moxibustion, and rehabilitation. Clinical symptoms were measured with the Manual Muscle Test (MMT), Korean Mini Mental Status Exam (K-MMSE), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), and Modified Barthel Index (MBI). After three months of treatment, clinical symptoms improved. The motor function improved (MMT on both sides, Gr. 3+F/4G→Gr. 4-G~4G/4+G), cognition improved (K-MMSE, 13→21), and ADL (Activities of Daily Living) scores also improved (FIM 41→74; MBI 20→63). Korean medical treatment could effectively treat neurological sequelae after ingestion of herbicides in this case.
Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether Korean medicine could improve unilateral testicular pain caused by recurrent varicocele without unfavorable side effects. Methods: A 46-year-old man diagnosed with varicocele, identified with a scrotal ultrasound scan, had right-side testicular pain. We administered Banchong-san and Eunhoebanchong-san to observe changes in the degree of pain. Results: After one month of taking Banchong-san and Eunhoebanchong-san, testicular pain improved. Conclusion: This study suggests that Korean medicine might be effective for managing testicular pain caused by varicocele.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of combined Korean medical treatment on chronic headache with digestive symptoms. Methods: We collected data from October to December 2020 and evaluated the efficacy of combined Korean medical treatment using the Korean Headache Impact Test-g (KHIT-6), European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ5D) Scale, and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) at admission, after two weeks of hospitalization, and on discharge. Results: At the end of treatment, the patient had increased EQ5D and reduced KHIT-6 and NRS scores. Conclusions: After the combined Korean medical treatment, the patient showed improvement, suggesting the efficacy of treatment.
Objective: This study addressed a case of central post-stroke pain described as right arm painful with coldness and left lateral medullary infarction. Methods: A patient, 71 years old female with medullary infarction, was treated with a Korean herbal medication (BackJun-pill). The improvement of symptoms was evaluated using the Numeral Rating Scale and reports of coldness and pain in the affected areas. We also measured the body temperature difference between the left and right arms using digital infrared thermographic imaging (DITI). Results: After six weeks of treatment with Korean medicine, the patient's pain and sensation of coldness decreased. Conclusions: This clinical case study suggests that BackJun-pill may be effective for alleviating pain and coldness due to central post-stroke pain.
Objectives: This study considered the effectiveness of Korean medicine for the treatment of eyelid edema post craniotomy. Methods: The patient was diagnosed with Taeumin-one of the four constitution types in Korean medicine-and treated with herbal medicines: Cheongsimyeunja-tang, Chungpyesagan-tang, and Hwangryunhaedok-tang pharmacoacupuncture treatment. The severity of eyelid edema was assessed using Kara and Gokalan's scale, daily imaging of the patient's eyelids, and the ratio of the length of the left eye to that of the right. Results: Following treatment, the Kara and Gokalan score decreased from 3 to 0. The changes in the ratios were 29% and 50%, respectively. The visual field defect due to edema in the left eye was also repaired. Conclusion: This study suggests that Korean medical treatment could be an effective option for treating eyelid edema following craniotomy.
Objective: This study aimed to report a case of alcoholic liver disease with jaundice that was improved with Korean medicine treatment. Methods: A patient who developed jaundice due to continuous drinking was treated with herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping. Blood tests were performed to measure the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GTP), total bilirubin, albumin, and total protein; AST/ALT ratio; and mean corpuscular volume (MCV). Jaundice parameters were subjectively recorded at 3-day intervals. Results: After treatment, the AST, ALT, ALP, γ-GTP, and total bilirubin levels; MCV; and jaundice were decreased. Conclusion: Korean medicine treatment appeared to be an effective method for alcoholic liver disease with jaundice.
Objective: This study investigated the effectiveness of bee venom acupuncture for a diabetic neuropathy patient. Methods: A diabetic neuropathy patient received twenty-one bee venom acupuncture treatments for a total of 99 days. The Neuropathy Pain Scale (NPS) was used to evaluate the weekly peak pain during the treatment period. Results: After the treatments, the NPS scores improved, and the frequencies of peak pain decreased. Conclusions: This clinical case indicates that bee venom acupuncture combined with Korean medicine may be effective for treating diabetic neuropathy patients.
This study investigated the case of a nineteen-year-old female patient with chronic nausea, vomiting, and abdominal distension, who was diagnosed with CNVS and Spleen-Qi deficiency. Subjective symptoms were recorded with the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) every morning, and the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS) was used on the days of admission and discharge. For eleven days following admission, she took Bojungikki-tang-gagam and received acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. After three days of treatment, her nausea and vomiting ceased, and abdominal distension improved from NRS 3 to 0 after seven days of treatment. The GSRS score for the specific symptoms improved from 3 to 2; however, the total score remained largely unchanged (from 20 to 21). This case suggests that Korean medical treatment may improve CNVS.
Objectives: This study investigated the effectiveness of acupuncture for improving polycythemia-vera-related symptoms and quality of life. Methods: A 56-year-old woman diagnosed with polycythemia vera received acupuncture treatment between February 19, 2021, and August 26, 2021. We observed the changes in subjective symptoms and conducted myeloproliferative neoplasm symptom assessment form total symptom score (MPN-SAF TSS) questionnaire. Results: After 13 acupuncture treatment sessions over six months, symptoms of polycythemia vera, such as fatigue, bone pain, itching, and headache, improved. Conclusion: This study suggests that acupuncture may be a helpful treatment strategy for polycythemia vera patients suffering from significant symptom burdens and reduced quality of life.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the effectiveness of Korean medicine treatment for a patient with lateral medullary infarction who presented with central dizziness and hypoesthesia. Methods: The patient was treated with Korean medicine treatment, including acupuncture, moxibustion, and herbal medicine. We measured the progress of the case using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). Results: After the treatment, the NRS scores for dizziness and hypoesthesia decreased. Conclusions: This study suggests that Korean medicine treatment might be effective for lateral medullary infarction in patients who present with central dizziness and hypoesthesia.
Objective: This study examined the effectiveness of Korean medical treatment for an 81-year-old female patient with pontine infarction complaining of discomfort in both legs. Methods: The patient was hospitalized for 45 days and treated with herbal medicine (mainly Bohyulanshin-tang [補血安神湯], pharmacopuncture, acupuncture, electroacupuncture, and moxibustion). We used the International Restless Legs Scale (IRLS) and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and checked the duration of the symptoms to evaluate the clinical effects of the treatment. Results: After 45 days of hospitalization, the IRLS score decreased from 33 to 19, with the lowest score of 8 recorded on the twenty-seventh day after discharge. The NRS score and the duration of symptoms also improved, and the treatment effect continued following discharge. Conclusions: This study suggests that Korean medical treatment may be effective for the treatment of restless legs.
목적: 국소다한증 환자의 홍채진단을 사용한 변증 및 한의 치료에 대한 연구 방법: 국소다한증을 호소하여 내원한 환자에게 한의학 기본 진단법인 사진법을 사용하여 태음인임을 진단하였다. 그리고 카메라를 사용하여 홍채를 촬영하였고, 얻어진 이미지에서 교감신경항진과 관련된 표지인 권축륜의 선명하고 굵은 모습과 다수의 신경긴장선이 존재하는 모습을 통해 교감신경이 항진되어 있음을 확인하였다. 태음인 체질방을 기본으로 교감신경 항진을 조절하는 약재를 가미한 한약처방을 1개월간 복용하도록 하였다. 결과: 다양한 치료에도 호전되지 않던 30년 가까이 된 수족 다한증이 한약치료를 통해 복약 4일차부터 감소하기 시작하여 6주 만에 치료 시작 전과 비교하여 80% 호전되었다. 결론: 만성적이고 다양한 치료에도 반응하지 않던 수족 다한증에 한약 치료가 효과적일 수 있음을 이번 연구를 통해 보고한다.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to report the improvement of Guillain-Barre syndrome after long-term combination treatment with Korean medicine. Methods: A patient was diagnosed with Guillain-Barre syndrome and treated with herbal medicine, acupuncture, pharmacopuncture, moxibustion, and exercise, including quadruped walking after three hospital admissions. To evaluate muscle strength and weakness, we measured manual muscle function, gait pattern, and the speed of quadruped walking. Results: The patient's muscle weakness in the extremities and gait stance were improved. The speed of quadruped walking was increased. Conclusion: We consider that combined treatment with Korean medicine might be effective for the muscle weakness of Guillain-Barre syndrome with a poor prognostic factor. To verify the effectiveness of this treatment, further research is needed.
This report describes the efficacy of using Yangshimtang-gamibang for a sleep disorder caused by a traffic accident. We treated a patient with Yangshimtang-gamibang for 12 days for sleep disorder caused by a traffic accident. To evaluate the results, we used the Korean Modified Leeds Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire (KMLSEQ) to measure sleep disorder. The degree of sleep disorder was also evaluated using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). The generic health status was evaluated using the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) scale. Improvements in the NRS and EQ-5D scale scores were observed after the treatments. The change in the KMLSEQ score indicates that the patient's sleep disorder was relieved. The results of this case study suggest that Yangshimtang-gamibang may be an effective treatment for sleep disorders caused by traffic accident.
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the effects of Korean medical treatment on a patient with compression fractures. Methods: The patient was treated with herbal medicine and acupuncture for 51 days. Symptom changes were measured using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Range of Motion (ROM), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5D) Scale. Results: The NRS score for lower back pain decreased from 7 to 3, and the ODI score decreased from 51.11 to 22.22. Range of motion (ROM) increased meaningfully in flexion(from 30 to 60), Left/Right lateral bending(from 10/30 to 30/45), Left/Right rotation (from 10/30 to 30/45), and the EQ-5D score also increased from 0.506 to 0.677. Conclusion: The results indicate that Korean medical treatment may be effective for managing patients' acute compression fractures.
Objective: This study investigated two cases of Korean medical treatment for visual field impairment after stroke: Case 1, a 56-year-old male with a posterior cerebral artery infarction and right homonymous hemianopsia, and Case 2, a 46-year-old male with an intracerebral hemorrhage in the left parietal lobe and right homonymous hemianopsia. Methods: Case 1 was treated with acupuncture, electroacupuncture, and herbal medicine (Mangeum-tang) for two months, and Case 2 was treated with acupuncture, electroacupuncture, and herbal medicine (Oryeong-san) for 40 days. Results: Following treatment, for Case 1, the Humphrey visual field test showed improvement. The visual field indexes (VFIs) for the left and right eyes improved from 44% to 55% and 49% to 64% respectively, and the mean deviations (MDs) for the left and right eyes improved from -21.11 dB to -19.91 dB and -17.45 dB to -13.89 dB, respectively. The mean visual sensitivities (MVSs) of the left and right eyes also improved from 8.67 dB to 11.33 dB and 1.67 dB to 9.67 dB, respectively, with no side effects. For Case 2, the VFI for the left eye improved from 36% to 64% and that for the right eye remained unchanged. The MDs for the left and right eyes also improved from -22.02 dB to -14.47dB and -22.11 dB to -21.34 dB, respectively, with no side effects. Conclusions: This study suggests that Korean medical treatment may improve visual impairment after stroke, but further research is needed.
Objectives: This study investigated the effectiveness of acupuncture and herbal medicine (Gami-banhabakchulchunma-tang) for post-stroke visual impairment. Methods: A 79-year-old male with headache, dizziness, visual field defects, and blurred vision caused by a posterior cerebral infarction was treated with acupuncture and Gami-banhabakchulchunma-tang for three months. We used the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for each symptom and measured the patient's eye-movement range. Results: Following treatment, the NRS score for headache decreased from 5 to 0, and for dizziness and blurred vision, it decreased from 5 to 1. The NRS score for visual field defects decreased from 5 to 2. The range of the patient's left and right eye movements both improved, and no adverse side effects were observed during the admission period. Conclusions: Korean medical treatment with acupuncture and herbal medicine (Gami-banhabakchulchunma-tang) could effectively treat post-stoke visual impairment.
Objective: The aim of this study was to report the effect of Korean medicine treatment on Claude's syndrome with ataxia and diplopia. Methods: We applied electroacupuncture, scalp acupuncture, and physical therapy to the patient. Diplopia was assessed with the distance between two images of one object, and ataxia was assessed with the Korean Version of the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (K-SARA). Results: After 21 days of treatment, diplopia, abnormal extraocular movement, and ataxia were improved on the basis of the K-SARA score. Conclusion: This case demonstrates the effectiveness of Korean medicine treatment in improving the symptoms of Claude's syndrome.
Objectives: This study examined the case of a patient with recurrent salivary duct carcinoma and hepatic metastasis. Methods: The patient was treated with Casodex/Nolvadex from January 25th 2021 onward with doses of bicalutamide (150 mg/day) and tamoxifen (10 mg/day) every four weeks. Simultaneously, the patient was treated with Korean medicine. The tumor size was measured using computed tomography (CT). Adverse events were evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE), version 5.0. Results: Following the four-month treatment, the extent of the proximal portion of hepatic metastasis decreased, and discomfort and physical activity gradually improved. Conclusions: The results suggest that combined chemotherapy and Korean medicine may help to reduce tumor size and improve quality of life.
Objectives: This study demonstrated the positive effect of herbal medication on a suspected idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patient-a 57-year-old male with suspected ITP and a decreased platelet count. Methods: The patient was treated with an herbal medicine named Nokyongdaebo-tang, and its effect was measured with periodic platelet blood tests. Results: Before taking the herbal medicine, the patient's blood platelet count was 98 K/μl, but following treatment, the blood platelet count increased to 201 K/μl and maintained a continuously elevated level. Conclusion: The results indicated that herbal medication may improve the blood platelet count of suspected ITP patients.
Objective: Alzheimer's disease is characterized by progressive, irreversible brain damage and cognitive decline. Although the diagnosis and treatment of the prodromal symptoms of dementia are important, no treatment for mild cognitive impairment has been currently established. Herein, we report the case of an 80-year-old female patient with memory complaints treated with Gugijihwang-tang, a traditional Korean medicine herbal formula, as an add-on medication. Case Presentation: The patient was diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment based on clinical examinations using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD), Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Scale, Global Deterioration (GDR) Scale, and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) Scale. She was treated with Gugijihwang-tang bis in die for 12 months while continuing her original medications, including 5-mg donepezil and 590-mg acetyl-l-carnitine. The MMSE score in the Korean Version of the CERAD Assessment Packet increased from 21 to 27 during the 12-month treatment period, and the CERAD 2 score increased from 33 to 62. The instrumental ADL scale score improved from 11 to 5. Other clinical examination results also showed improvement. The patient was satisfied and experienced no significant adverse events related to the Gugijihwang-tang treatment. Conclusion: This case suggests that Gugijihwang-tang could be considered as a treatment method for patients with mild cognitive impairment.
Objectives: This study examined a case of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) in an adult with unspecified abdominal pain.Methods: The patient was treated with herbal medicine, acupuncture, and moxa. Treatment progress was evaluated by follow-up monitoring of the intensity, frequency, and duration (in hours) of abdominal pain and body weight. Results: The average abdominal pain level on the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) and its incidence decreased. The duration of pain was 15 hours maximum and 2.5 hours minimum. The body weight repeatedly increased and decreased but increased overall. Despite no remarkable findings from X-rays, air-fluid levels and coil-shaped folds of the small bowel were observed. Conclusions: Korean medical treatment based on a dialectic effectively relieved chronic abdominal pain and suspected CIPO-a disease that requires continuous management and therapeutic intervention.
Objective: This report describes the case of a patient with essential tremors of the mouth and hands, which were improved by Yeokhan-san treatment. Methods: To relieve the symptoms, Korean medicine treatments, including Yeokhan-san, Ohaeng-Hwa acupuncture, and electronic moxibustion, were performed. To evaluate the effects of the treatments, the visual analog scale and Fahn-Tolosa-Marin clinical rating scale for tremor were used. Results: After the treatment, the patient's clinical symptoms were improved. The visual analog scale score decreased from 10 to 2 for the hand tremor and from 10 to 1 for the mouth tremor. The Fahn-Tolosa-Marin tremor scores decreased from 3 to 1 for both the hand and mouth tremors. Conclusions: The present case suggests that Yeokhan-san and Ohaeng-Hwa acupuncture are effective for the treatment of essential tremor.
Objectives: This study aimed to describe the effects of traditional Korean medical treatment on a patient with asthma. Methods: The patient (female, 88) was treated with herbal medicine (Sojaganggi-tang), acupuncture, and moxibustion. The effects of these treatments were evaluated using the Modified Borg Scale (MBS) and Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adult Korean Asthmatics (QLQAKA). Results: Following treatment, the MBS score decreased from 7 to 4, and the QLQAKA score increased from 45 to 57. Conclusion: The results suggest that traditional Korean medicine can effectively treat patients with asthma.
The purpose of this study was to report the clinical effect of Korean medicine in a patient with anemia of chronic disease (ACD). The patient was treated with herbal medicine, acupuncture, and moxibustion in combination with Western medicine for around 4 weeks. Although the patient's hemoglobin concentration was maintained at a similar level, the other clinical symptoms of ACD (anorexia, xerostomia, dizziness, and general weakness) were improved after the treatment with Korean medicine. Therefore, Korean medicine treatment may be effective for improving the clinical symptoms of ACD.
Objective: This study examined the case of a 63-year-old man with a history of hypertension and gout who had developed an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) of the right basal ganglia of the corona radiata. Methods: The patient was treated with herbal medicine (Boyanghwanoh-tang and powdered Oryeong-san extract), Western medicine (Anticonvulsants, antihypertensive drugs, psychotropic agents, and others), acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, and rehabilitative therapy. Their effects were evaluated using the Manual Muscle Test (MMT), Korean version of the modified Barthel Index (K-MBI), National Institute of Health's Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and Modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Results: After treatment, the MMT grade improved from 3/3+ to 4+/4+. Additionally, the K-MBI score improved from 62 to 77. Conclusion: The results suggest that combined traditional Korean and Western medicine can effectively treat patients with ICH.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical effect of Korean medicine on a patient who suffered from dizziness. Methods: The patient was treated with herbal medicine for about 2 weeks. Results: Clinical symptoms (dizziness) improved following treatment with Korean medicine. Conclusions: Korean medicine may be effective for improving clinical symptoms of dizziness.
Objectives: This study investigated the effect of combined Korean medical treatment and antibiotics on a patient diagnosed with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease. Methods: The patient had been treated with antibiotics since July 2020 concurrently with Maekmoondong-tang, Banhasasim-tang, Gwakhyangjunggi-san and Bojungikgi-tang. The improvement of symptoms was evaluated using scores for the numerical rating scale (NRS), the Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnea scale, C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, and computed tomography (CT). Results: Following treatment, the NRS, MRC dyspnea scale and CT images significantly improved. Also, CRP levels remained in the normal range during treatment. Conclusions: Traditional Korean medical treatment combined with antibiotics could be effective for treating patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease.
Objectives: This study examined cases of patients with palpitations treated with Gami-ondam-tang. Methods: The patients were treated with Gami-ondam-tang and changes in their symptoms were assessed using a self-reported numeral rating scale (NRS) score. Results: Following treatment, the patients' palpitations and accompanying symptoms (e.g., insomnia, hot flushes, dyspepsia, and depression) improved. The study investigated 14 first occurrences and 10 subsequent recurrences. In the subsequent recurrent cases, compared to the first occurrence cases, the symptoms according to the NRS score were not severe, and the treatment period was shorter. Conclusions: The results showed that Gami-ondam-tang is effective for treating palpitations and accompanying symptoms.
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