• Title, Summary, Keyword: $TiO_2$

Search Result 7,603, Processing Time 0.066 seconds

광전기촉매 공정과 전기/UV 공정을 이용한 염료의 색 제거

  • Park, Yeong-Sik;Kim, Dong-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.452-457
    • /
    • 2008
  • 분말 TiO$_2$를 코팅한 전극은 전기저항으로 인해 0.5 A 이상의 전류를 인가할 수 없었으며, 1 A를 적용하였을 때 60분의 반응시간 후 최종 RhB 농도를 측정한 결과 Ru/Ti 전극의 RhB 농도 감소 가장 큰 것으로 나타났고, Ru/Ti > Ti > SG-TiO$_2$ > Th-TiO$_2$로 나타났다. 전기분해 공정만 적용한 경우 RhB 농도 감소의 순서는 Ru/Ti = Ti > SG-TiO$_2$ > Th-TiO$_2$ 전극의 순서로 나타났다. UV만 적용한 경우 RhB 제거는 작았으며, Ti와 Ru/Ti 전극은 UV만 적용한 경우와 RhB 제거농도가 비슷하였는데 이는 전극 표면에서 광촉매 반응이 일어나지 않는다는 것을 의미한다. 반면 TiO$_2$를 전극 표면에 형성하거나 코팅한 전극은 UV만 적용한 경우보다 RhB 농도가 낮게 나타났고, TiO$_2$가 형성되거나 코팅된 전극은 P-TiO$_2$ > Th-TiO$_2$ > SG-TiO$_2$의 순서로 나타났으나 차이는 크지 않았다. 광전기촉매 공정에서 시너지 효과가 거의 없는 것은 전극 표면에 코팅되거나 형성된 TiO$_2$의 양이 적고 광촉매 반응에 의한 분해 정도가 낮아 전자-정공의 재결합 감소효과가 적기 때문인 것으로 사료되었다. Th-TiO$_2$와 SG-TiO$_2$ 전극의 경우 전해질로 Na$_2$SO$_4$를 사용한 경우의 RhB 농도가 NaCl을 사용한 경우보다 RhB 낮게 나타났으나, Ti와 Ru/Ti 전극의 경우는 반대 현상이 나타났다. 이와 같은 결과는 광촉매 반응이 높은 Th-TiO$_2$와 SG-TiO$_2$ 전극에서의 Cl$^-$의 광촉매 반응 저해현상이 높게 나타났기 때문이라고 사료되었다. 반면 DSA 전극인 Ti와 Ru/Ti 전극의 경우 광촉매 반응이 거의 나타나지 않기 때문에 주반응인 전기분해 반응에서의 촉진 반응이 지배적이기 때문에 Th-TiO$_2$와 SG-TiO$_2$ 전극과는 정 반대의 현상이 나타났다고 사료되었다. 전기/UV 공정에서는 최적 전류는 0.75 A, NaCl 투입량은 0.5 g/L로 나타났으며, 최적 UV램프 전력은 16 W인 것으로 나타났다.

  • PDF

The Optical Properties of $TiO_2/Al/TiO_2$, $TiO_2/Cr/TiO_2$ Multi-layered Pearl-pigment films by DC, RF Magnetron Sputtering (DC, RF Magnetron Sputtering 공법을 이용한 다층 $TiO_2/Al/TiO_2$, $TiO_2/Cr/TiO_2$ 진주안료용 필름의 광학적 특성)

  • Lee, Nam-Il;Jang, Gun-Eik;Jeong, Jae-Il;Cho, Seong-Yoon;Jang, Gil-Wan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.448-449
    • /
    • 2006
  • For the possible applicative pearl pigment, multi-layered $TiO_2/Al/TiO_2$, $TiO_2/Cr/TiO_2$ thin film was deposited on glass substrate by using sputtering method. $TiO_2$ and Al or Cr was selected as a possible high and low refraction materials at the film interface respectively. Optical properties including color effect were systematically studied in terms of different film thickness and film layers by using spectrometer. In order to expect the experimental results, the simulation program, the Essential Macleod Program(EMP) was adopted and compared with the experimental data. The film consisting of $TiO_2/Al/TiO_2$, $TiO_2/Cr/TiO_2$ layers show the wavelength range of 430 - 760nm, typically color ranges between bluish purple and red. It was confirmed that this experimental result was quite well matched with the experimental one.

  • PDF

The hydration resistance improvement of MgO ceramics by $TiO_2$ addition ($TiO_2$ 첨가에 의한 MgO 세라믹스의 표현 수화 저항성 향상)

  • Ryu, Su-Chak;Kim, Jin-Kon;Hyun Cho
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
    • /
    • v.11 no.6
    • /
    • pp.269-273
    • /
    • 2001
  • The effect of $TiO_2$addition on the hydration reaction of MgO ceramics were studied after being heated at $1450^{\circ}C$. The pure MgO ceramics showed significant weight change after exposure to water due to the hydration reaction through the formation of $Mg(OH)_2$while $TiO_2$-added MgO ceramics did not. The $Mg_2TiO_4$phase were observed in the $TiO_2$-added MgO ceramics sintered at 145$0^{\circ}C$. Bulk density increased as the amount of $TiO_2$increased and the apparent porosity and water absorption decreased by $TiO_2$addition. The hydration resistance of MgO ceramics was found to be improved by $TiO_2$addition.

  • PDF

Photocatalytic and Antipathogenic Effects of TiO2/CuxO (1 (TiO2/CuxO (1

  • Cho, Sungwoo;Lee, Yong-Im;Kim, Lee-Han;Jung, Dongwoon
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.57 no.4
    • /
    • pp.483-488
    • /
    • 2013
  • Copper oxide (CuO) was synthesized from $CuCl_2$ by solution method. Anatase $TiO_2$ particle was dispersed into the solution before preparing CuO, so that $TiO_2$/CuO heterojunction was created through the nucleation of CuO onto the $TiO_2$ surface. Some amount of CuO was reduced to $Cu_2O$ by treating glucose into the solution, thereby preparing $TiO_2/Cu_xO$ complex. The obtained $TiO_2/Cu_xO$ complex showed advanced phtocatalytic activity under the sun light compared with the P-25 sample. In addition, the the $TiO_2/Cu_xO$ complex showed excellent antipathogenic effect.

Evaluation of Visible-light activation of Cu2O-TiO2 (P-N type) Semiconductor Nanomaterials prepared by Ultrasonic-assisted Synthesis (초음파 합성 적용 Cu2O-TiO2 (P-N 타입) 반도체 나노물질의 가시광 활성 평가)

  • Shin, Seung-ho;Choi, Jeong-Hak;Kim, Ji-hoon;Lee, Joon Yeob
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.28 no.11
    • /
    • pp.971-981
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study evaluated the photocatalytic oxidation efficiency of volatile organic compounds by $Cu_2O-TiO_2$ under visible-light irradiation. $Cu_2O-TiO_2$ was synthesized by an ultrasonic-assisted method. The XRD result indicated successful p-n type photocatalysts. However, no diffraction peaks belonging to $TiO_2$ were observed for the $Cu_2O-TiO_2$. The Uv-vis spectra result revealed that the synthesized $Cu_2O-TiO_2$ can be activated under visible-light irradiation. The FE-TEM/EDS result showed the formation of synthesized nanocomposites in the commercial P25 $TiO_2$, the undoped $TiO_2$, and $Cu_2O-TiO_2$ and componential analysis in the undoped $TiO_2$ and $Cu_2O-TiO_2$. The photocatalytic oxidation efficiencies of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-xylene with $Cu_2O-TiO_2$ were higher than those of P25 $TiO_2$ and undoped $TiO_2$. These results indicate that the prepared $Cu_2O-TiO_2$ photocatalyst can be applied effectively to control gaseous BTEX.

Color and COD Removal of Rhodamine B Using Ozone, Photocatalyst and Ozone-Complex Process (오존, 광촉매 및 오존-복합 공정을 이용한 Rhodamine B의 색도와 COD 제거)

  • Kim, Dong-Seog;Park, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.662-669
    • /
    • 2007
  • The effect of advanced oxidation processes such as $O_3$, $UV/TiO_2$, $O_3/UV$ and $O_3/UV/TiO_2$ on decolorization and COD removal of Rhodamine B(RhB) wastewater were considered. The results showed that the higher the $O_3$ concentration was, the higher the decolorization observed and the optimum $TiO_2$ dosage was 0.4 g/L in $UV/TiO_2$ and $O_3/UV/TiO_2$ process. $O_3/UV$ process showed the higher initial decolorization rate constant and the shorter termination time for decolorization than those of the $O_3$ process. The decolorization rate constants in various systems followed the order of $O_3/UV/TiO_2>O_3/UV>O_3{\gg}UV/TiO_2$. The decolorization rate of the RhB solution in every processes was more rapid than the mineralization rate identified by COD removal. The latter took longer time for further oxidation. The COD removal rate constants in four systems followed the order of $O_3/UV/TiO_2>O_3/UV>UV/TiO_2{\geqq}O_3$. Among four processes, combined photocatalysis and ozonation$(O_3/UV/TiO_2)$ was the most prospective process for removing color and COD such as dye wastewater.

Stable Defect Structure of La2O3-Modified BaTiO3 (La$_2O_3$-변형 BaTi$O_3$의 안정한 결함구조)

  • Kim, Jeong Su;Park, Hyu Beom;An, Tae Ho;Kim, Si Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.309-318
    • /
    • 1994
  • The stable defect structure and the single phase region of La$_2O_3$-modified BaTi$O_3$ have been studied by X-ray diffractometer and scanning electron microscope. The stable defect structure of La$_2O_3$-modified BaTi$O_3$ has been identified as [($Ba^x_{Ba})_{1-2x}(La{\cdot}_{Ba})_{2x}][Ti^x_{Ti})_{1-x/2}(V""_{Ti})_{x/2}]O_3$ which consists of La$^{3+}$ ion substitution for Ba$^{3+}$ ion in the lattice structure and the formation of Ti vacancies for the charge compensation. When 3 mol% of La$_2O_3{\cdot}3/2TiO_3$ was added to BaTi$O_3$, the unit cell structure was transformed from tetragonal to cubic and the solubility limit was about 14 mol%. When La$_2O_3{\cdot}3/2TiO_2$ was added above this solubility limit, the second phase, La$_4Ba_2Ti_5O_{18}$, was formed. In the La$_2O_3$-modified BaTi$O_3$, it was found by the liquid phase sintering process that the sinterability was decreased by excess BaO but increased by excess Ti$O_2$.

  • PDF

Characterization of ZnO/TiO2 Nanocomposites Prepared via the Sol-Gel Method

  • Hellen, Nalumaga;Park, Hyun;Kim, Kyung-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.55 no.2
    • /
    • pp.140-144
    • /
    • 2018
  • $ZnO/TiO_2$ nanocomposites were synthesized via a modified sol-gel technique by incorporating 30 and 70 wt% $TiO_2$ nanopowder into a ZnO sol-gel matrix. Zinc acetate dihydrate was used as the ZnO precursor and de-ionized water as the solvent, while titanium oxysulfate was employed for the synthesis of $TiO_2$ nanopowder. The synthesized $ZnO/TiO_2$ nanocomposites were characterized by x-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The $ZnO/TiO_2$ nanocomposites showed both the ZnO (wurtzite) and $TiO_2$ (anatase) phases. The average ZnO crystallite size of the $ZnO/TiO_2$ nanocomposites was found to be about 26.3 nm. The TEM results confirmed that spherical $TiO_2$ particles were embedded in the ZnO matrix. $TiO_2$ particles attached onto the rod-like ZnO particles were also observed. The $ZnO/TiO_2$ nanocomposites exhibited optical absorption properties superior to those of pure ZnO and $TiO_2$.

Development of Pd/TiO2 Catalysts with La2O3 Addition and Study on the Performance Improvement of H2 Oxidation at Room Temperature (La2O3가 첨가된 Pd/TiO2 촉매의 개발 및 H2 상온산화 반응에서의 성능 향상 연구)

  • Lee, Dong Yoon;Kim, Sung Chul;Lee, Sang Moon;Kim, Sung Su
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.674-678
    • /
    • 2020
  • In this study, a Pd/TiO2 catalyst which oxidized H2 at room temperature without an additional energy source was prepared. And a specific surface area of TiO2 as a support was not proportional to H2 oxidation reaction performance of Pd/TiO2 catalyst. In addition La2O3 was added to Pd/TiO2 catalyst in order to evaluate the performance effect due to the change of catalysts physical properties. A Pd/La2O3-TiO2 was prepared by adding different amounts of La2O3 to TiO2 and CO chemisorption analysis was performed. Compared to the conversion rate (14% at 0.5% H2) of the Pd/TiO2(G) catalyst, the Pd/La2O3-TiO2 catalyst showed 74% which was improved by more than five times. It was found that the larger the metal dispersion of Pd as an active metal is, the more favorable to H2 oxidation reaction is. However, when the added La2O3 amount exceeded 10%, the catalyst performance decreased again. Finally, it was concluded that the physical properties of the Pd/La2O3-TiO2 catalyst have a dominant influence on the catalytic activity until 0.3~0.5% of injected H2 concentrations and the catalyst reaction rate was controlled by substance transfer from 1% or more concentrations of H2.

Photocatalytic Decomposition of Gaseous Acetaldehyde by Metal Loaded $TiO_2$ with Ozonation

  • Cho, Ki-Chul;Yeo, Hyun-Gu
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
    • /
    • v.22 no.E1
    • /
    • pp.19-26
    • /
    • 2006
  • The decomposition of gaseous $CH_3CHO$ was investigated by metal loaded $TiO_2$ (pure $TiO_2,\;Pt/TiO_2,\;Pd/TiO_2,\;Mn/TiO_2\;and\;Ag/TiO_2$) with $UV/TiO_2$ process and $UV/TiO_2/O_3$ process at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Metal loaded $TiO_2$ was prepared by photodeposition. Decomposition of $CH_3CHO$ was carried out in a flow-type photochemical reaction system using three 10W black light lamps ($300{\sim}400nm$) as a light source. The experimental results showed that the degradation rate of $CH_3CHO$ was increased with Pt and Ag on $TiO_2$ compared to pure $TiO_2$, but decreased with depositing Pd and Mn on pure $TiO_2$. The considerable increase in the degradation efficiency of the $CH_3CHO$ was found by a combination of photocatalysis and ozonation as compared to only by ozonation or photocatalysis. Loading of Pt on $TiO_2$ promoted conversion of gaseous ozone. The degradation rate of gaseous $CH_3CHO$ decreased with an increase of water vapor in the feed stream for the both $UV/TiO_2\;and\;UV/TiO_2/O_3$ processes. The pure $TiO_2$ was more affected by the water vapor than Pt loaded $TiO_2$.