• Title/Summary/Keyword: 간보호

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Pharmacology and Toxicology of Aucubin (Aucubin의 약리및 독성)

  • 장일무;윤혜숙;양규환
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 1984
  • 우리나라 사람들에게는 유달리 높은 간염 발병률이 나타나고 있고 더우기 바이러스성 간염의 경우 풍토병 내지 전염병이라고 할 정도의 양상을 띠고 있다. 현재까지는 이러한 간질환에 적절한 치료약이 없는 점을 감안하여 저자들은 생약으로 부터 간질환에 유효한 성분을 분리하여 치료약으로 사용할 수 있도록 하기위하여 집중적인 연구를 지난 5년간 계속하여 왔다. 연구의 내용은 동서양의 고전및 연구보문을 조사하여 간보호 및 치료학으로 사용한 생약에 관한 문헌적 조사, 이들 생약중 채집 및 구입이 가능한 식물을 구하여 생약엑기스 제조, 이들 엑기스를 간염 동물 모델의 하나인 $CCl_{4}$로 유발시킨 간독성에 대한 보호작용의 검색, 보호작용을 나타내는 생약중에서 자원적 측면을 고려하여 국내에서 많이 생산되는 차전자(Plantago asiatica seeds)를 선택하였고, 차전자로 부터 간보호 작용을 나타내는 유효성분으로 iridoid 계열물질인 aucubin을 분리하였다. 그러나 aucubin이 차전자에 소량 밖에 없으므로 aucubin이 다량 함유된 식나무(Aucuba japonica)로 aucubin 추출자료생약을 바꾼후 aucubin의 간보호 작용을 간염 동물모델인, $CCl_{4}$ D-galactosamine 및 $\alpha$-amanitin등으로 유발시킨 간독성에 대한 보호작용을 보여 주었기 때문에, 이러한 간보호작용의 기전을 규명하는 연구를 진행하였고, 다음은 aucubin 자체의 급성 독성 및 기타 독성 유발여부를 밝히는 연구 등으로 요약 될 수 있다.

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The Effects of Protecting Liver and Improving Liver Function on Cabbage Extract (양배추 추출물의 간보호 및 간기능 개선 효과)

  • Kim, Hyun Kyoung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.389-395
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the pharmaceutical extraction and the functional health food extraction, which have a beneficial effect on the human body and which can be used safely for a long period of time without adverse side effects and also have excellent effects of protecting liver and improving liver function. As the results, the cabbage extract does not show cytotoxicity, and thus can be used safely. In an experiment performed on an animal model with liver injury induced by a drug (APAP), it could be seen that the cabbage extract exhibited the effects of protecting liver and improving liver function by effectively reducing AST and ALT which are liver injury markers, indicating that the cabbage extract is effective as a pharmaceutical extraction for preventing or treating liver disease. In particular, the cabbage extract was effective in treating inflammation of the liver by reducing the expression of the inflammatory mediators iNOS and COX-2 and the proinflammatory cytokine $IL-1{\beta}$, which are involved in acute inflammatory reactions accompanying liver injury. In the results, an extract of cabbage heat-treated at a temperature of 100 to $150^{\circ}C$ had a better liver function-improving effect or anti-inflammatory effect than an extract of raw cabbage.

Hepatoprotective Properties of Allium tuberosum in CCl$_{4}$ intoxicated Rats ($CCl_{4}$ 투여 흰쥐에서 부추의 간보호 작용)

  • Ha Hun;Yoon Soo Hong
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.205-208
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    • 2005
  • 대표적 간장해 유발 물질인 사염화탄소로 유도된 급성 간독성에 미치는 한국산 부추(Alluim tuberosum) 에탄을 추출물의 효과를 관찰하였다. 사염화탄소 투여로 혈청 AST (aspartate transaminale), ALT (alanine tranlaminase)와 ALP(alkaline phosphatase)활성이 현저히 증가하였으며,부추 에탄을 추출물의 투여(50, 100, 200mg/kg)로 특히 CCl$_{4}$에 의해 유도된 AST와 ALT의 활성이 농도 의존적으로 회복되었다. 사염화탄소 투여로 감소된 SOD (superoxide dismutase)와 catalase 활성은 부추의 에탄을 추출물 투여로 유의성 있는 활성 증가를 나타내어 간장해로 인한 산화적 스트레스가 부추의 항산화작용에 의해 완화되었음을 시사하였다. 결과적으로 부추 ethanol 추출물의 간보호 및 항산화작용으로 사염화탄소로부터의 간장해를 개선시키는 것으로 사료된다.

The Protective Effect of Ginger Aqueous Extracts on $CCl_4$-induced Hepatic Damage in Mice (사염화탄소 투여로 간독성을 유발한 쥐에서 생강열수추출물의 간보호 효과)

  • Koo, Sung-Wook;Lee, Keun-Woo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.441-446
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of present study is to observe the hepato-protective effect of ginger aqueous extracts on carbon tetrachloride($CCl_4$)-induced mouse. Ginger groups received ginger aqueous extracts (500 mg/kg) orally for 3 days and given a single dose of $CCl_4$ (4 mL/kg). Silymarin group was treated with silymarin (50 mg/kg) orally for 3 days and then aministration of $CCl_4$ (4 mL/kg). Control group was only administered $CCl_4$ (4 mL/kg). In the ginger groups, the AST, ALT levels were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased compared to the control groups. Histopathological evaluation, hepatic parenchyma and kidney parenchyma of ginger groups were significantly (p < 0.05) decreased compared to control group. The results obtained in this study suggest that ginger aqueous extracts are able to protect the liver $CCl_4$-induced injury.

Efficient Inoculation Method of Beauveria bassiana for Production of Bombycis corpus and Evaluation of Its Liver Protection Activity (백강잠(白彊蠶) 생산을 위한 Beauveria bassiana의 효율적인 접종법 및 백장잠의 간보호 활성 검정)

  • Jung, I-Yeon;Hong, In-Pyo;Kang, Pil-Don;Nam, Sung-Hee;Kim, Mi-Ja
    • Journal of Sericultural and Entomological Science
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.5-11
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    • 2005
  • When inoculating with B. bassiana 101A for the mass production of B. corpus, the infection ratio was high with regardless of the treating time with highly-humidity if the concentration of spore was 1.0${\times}$$10^8$ spores/m/, but that was low if the concentration was 1.0${\times}$$10^7$ spores/m/. In the study of the activities according to the coserving temperature or days of the B. bassiana spawn, the infection ratio of 90% was maintained for 12 days in the temperature of $4^{\circ}C$. However, the infection ratio was rapidly dropped to the below of 5% after conserved for 48 hours in the temperature of $25^{\circ}C$. Besides, the activities of the original isolate had no difference after conserved for 12 months in the temperature of $4^{\circ}C$, so that the infection ratio 90% could be mintatined. In the measure of liver-protecting activities of B. bassiana 101A, the recovering effect was 43.5% and 65.7% respectively in the poisonous treatment induced with galactosamine, compared with liver-protecting activities of Silymarin and DDB in the $H_2O$ fraction. In the poisonous treatment induced with $CCl_4$ the recovering effect was 100% and 69.3% respectively, compared with liver-protecting activities of Silymarin and DDB in the EtOAc fraction.

Protective Effects of Water/Methanol Extracts of Cricket on the Acute Hepatic Damages in the ICR-mice Induced by Administration of $CCl_4$ (귀뚜라미의 수용성 및 알콜 추출물의 간보호 효과)

  • Ahn, Mi-Young;Lee, Yong-Woo;Ryu, Kang-Sun;Lee, Heui-Sam;Kim, Ik-Soo;Kim, Jin-Won;Lee, Yong-Ki;Kim, Eun-Sun;Kim, Yeong-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.684-687
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    • 2002
  • Water and methanol extracts of cricket were examined for their liver protective effects against $CCl_4-intoxication$ in ICR-mice. Serum transaminases (S-GOT and S-GPT), lactate dehydrogense (LDH) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities and TBARS (Thiobarbiturate-reactive substances) content were measured for evaluation of liver protective effects. The activities of GOT, GPT, LDH and hepatic content of lipid peroxide after $CCl_4-treatment$ were higher than normal control but those levels decreased th 74, 50, 101 and 40%, respectively, by the treatment of cricket methanol extract. The anti-fatigue effects of water and methanol extracts investigated by an acute weight-loaded forced swimming test showed significantly prolonged swimming time in the mice administered cricket extracts. These results suggest us that water/alcohol extract of G. bimaculatus may be used as a liver protective food.

Hypoglycemic and Hepatoprotective Effects of Betaine on Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (Streptozotocin-유발 당뇨쥐의 베타인 첨가에 의한 항당뇨 및 간보호 효과)

  • Jeong, Jae-Jun;Kim, Yong-Taek;Seo, Won-Seok;Yang, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Yong-Soo;Cha, Jae-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.767-772
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    • 2006
  • This study was to investigate the effect of betaine on the hypoglycemia and hepatoprotection of streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing around 280 g were randomly assigned to the three experimental groups: a healthy normal group and two groups with STZ-induced diabetes and fed either control diet or betaine diet. Betaine given to the STZ-diabetic rats had significant effect in lowering the serum glucose concentrations compared to the STZ-diabetic rats. The alanine aminotransferase (AST) and aspartate aminotransferase (ALT) activities and triglyceride contents in serum were dramatically higher in the STZ-diabetic rats, but these increases in relation to diabetes also decreased in the STZ-diabetic rats fed betaine. However, the total-cholesterol concentration in the STZ-diabetic rats was even increased by betaine. The morphology of the pancreatic islets in the normal rats showed a typical round form, but most of the islets in the STZ-diabetic rats showed severe morphological alterations by being markedly destroyed. However, the islet morphology of STZ-diabetic rats given betaine mostly maintained a normal rounded appearance. The present study strongly suggests that the administration of betaine showed a moderate hypoglycemic effect by protecting the pancreatic beta-cells by morphological examination from STZ-induced destruction.

Protective effect of Artemisiae Capillaris Herba water extract on liver injury induced by thioacetamide (인진호 열수 추출물이 thioacetamide에 의해 유발된 간손상에 미치는 간보호 효과)

  • Kim, Min Ju;Lee, Jin A;Shin, Mi-Rae;Park, Hae-Jin;Roh, Seong-Soo
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.412-421
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: Thioacetamide (TAA) produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the liver, and the generated ROS induces liver injury through inflammatory reactions. The current study was undertaken to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of Artemisiae Capillaris Herba water extract (AC), imparted via its antioxidant activity, in an animal model of TAA-induced liver injury. Methods: Animal experiments were conducted in 5 groups: normal, control (TAA 200 mg/kg), SM (TAA 200 mg/kg + silymarin 100 mg/kg), ACL (TAA 200 mg/kg + AC 100 mg/kg), ACH (TAA 200 mg/kg + AC 200mg/kg). TAA (intraperitoneal) and treatment compounds (per oral) were administered for 3 days. Serum levels of ammonia concentration and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were subsequently measured. Liver tissues were subjected to western blot analysis for measuring the oxidative stress (NADPH oxidase), anti-oxidative activity (Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 [HO-1], superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase, and GPx-1/2), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) protein expressions. Results: Serum ammonia levels and MPO activity were significantly increased in the TAA-induced control group, whereas groups administered AC treatment showed markedly reduced levels. Western blot analysis revealed significantly increased NOX2 and p22phox expressions, (oxidative stress-related factors) in the TAA-induced control group. These levels were determined to be significantly decreased after AC exposure. Moreover, antioxidant-related factors including Nrf2, HO-1, SOD, catalase, and GPx-1/2 were significantly decreased in the control group and increased in the AC treated groups. In addition, MMP expressions were significantly suppressed in the AC treatment group due to increased levels of TIMP-1. Conclusion: Taken together, these data indicate that exposure to AC reduces the oxidative stress by inhibiting the expression of NADPH oxidase (NOX2 and p22phox) through the Nrf2 signaling pathway. We therefore propose the potential of AC for the prevention and treatment of TAA-induced liver injury.