• Title, Summary, Keyword: 간호대학생

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A Study on the Relations Between a Health Promoting Daily Life Style and Self-Efficiency in University Students (대학생의 건강증진행위와 자기효능감과의 관계연구)

  • Huh, Eun Hee;Chung, Yeon Kang;Yeoum, Soon Gyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.203-215
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to inquire into the degree of health promotion activity in university students, and to find out the relationship between self-efficiency and health promotion behavior, Thus, we can offer basic data for developing an educational method or program for health promotion. For this research, data was collected from university men and women through a questionnaire from February 18 to March 20, 1998. A measuring instrument was based on lating reviews of health promotion behavior in chronic disease protection, perceived self efficiency, demographic factors, biological factors, and circumstatial factors. The content validity of the instrument was authenticated by two professors of nursing, and reliability was confirmed by 'cronbach' (${\alpha}^{\prime}$ after mortifying content through a pre-test on 30 students. 475 persons were analyzed in terms of average, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple Stepwise Regression by 'SPSS-PC'. The analyzed data is as follows: 1. Higher self-efficiency, as a cognitive-perceptual factor, has a beneficial effect on health promotion behavior (r=.479, p=.000). The result of analyzing the differences among a low group, a middle group, a high group in terms of self-efficiency reveals that the relationship between self-efficiency and health promoting behavior is meaningful. 2. The degree of health promoting behavior is 3.26 out of 6. Other figuresrelating to health promoting behavior, are as follows. self-actualization area (4.62), interpersonal area (4.60), stress management area (4.01), nutrition area (3.68), responsibility of health area (3.11), liquid and cigaret area (2.85), and exercise area (2.33). 3. The degree of self-efficiency was 6.81 out of 10. Other figures relating to self-efficiency are as follows. interpersonal area (7.89), self-actualization area (7.84), liquid and cigarette area (7.72), exercise area (6.88), stress management area (6.84), responsibility of health area (6.35), and nutrition area (6.34). 4. The different lerels of health promoting behavior according to a subject's general factos are following: age (p=0.003), sex (p=0.000), health concern of parents (p= 0.000), taking health programs (p=0.007), case history of familes (p=0.048). Health promoting behavier is also positirely affeted by the following: higher age, social sciences focus, religion, living the relatives', and the higher health concerns of parents. 5. The difference of self-efficiency according to a subject's general factors is positirely affected by sex (p=.008), the health concerns of parents (p=.004), body indexes (p=.001), and the higher health concerns of parents. 6. As the result of analyzing major factors, the most powerful factor appears to be self-efficiency, 26.6% of health promoting behavior. Suggestions: 1. Results of this study point to self-efficiency as a major factor in the health promoting behavior of university students. It is crucial, therefore, to develop a health program to promote self-efficiency and to study how to promote prerention of certain diseases. 2. That health promoting behavior appears low in this study shows that health education should be taken into the university class, with a focus on the daily life of students as its goal.

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A Study on Sexual Knowledge, Attitude, and Experience in College Students (일부대학생들의 성에 대한 지식, 태도 및 성경험에 관한 조사연구)

  • Nam, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.239-251
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this survey is to measure the sexual knowledge, attitude, and experience in college students in order to provide better sex education programs and direction. For this study, questionnaires were given to 259 students in K college of Kyongnam and collected during the period of June 1 to June 20, 1998. Data was analyzed using a statistical computer package: SPSS to manipulate the data along with frequency, mean, t-test, F-test and Pearson correlation coeffiency. The results from this study were summarized as follows: 1. Sex related knowledge marked 12.01 at a maximum level of 25. In the areas of Sex physiology(51.8%), genital physiology(49.9%), venereal diseases(44.3%) and contraceptive methods (38.1%), students were shown to have certain levels of knowledge. 2. Sex related attitudes marked 15.35 at a maximum level of 35. The most frank attitudes concerned 'premartial coitus in males' and the most conservative attitudes concerned 'extramarital coitus in females'. 3. Concerning sexual behavior 80.7% of the respondents had associated with the opposite sex. The most frequent behaviors were walking arm in arm (male : 28.6%, female: 36.2%). Their main problems were relationships with the opposite sex(male : 39.2%, female: 24.5%), frustrated sexual desire(male : 26.0%, female: 9.8%) and unwanted pregnacy(male: 15.2%, female: 7.8%) To solve sex problems, respondents intended to consult their friends(male : 35.7%, female: 46. 7%) and become active in sports or recreation (male: 23.4%, female: 11.4%). About 81.2% of male students had a masturbation experience, but only 11.4% of female did, 40.0% of male students had a sexual intercourse experience, but only 13.3% of females did, 7.8% of male students used contraceptive methods, but only 2.9% of females did. 12.3% of male students had a rape experience, but only 10.5% of females did. The proportion of male students who made someone pregnant was 12.3%,however pregnant female were only 6.8% and the proportion of male students who forced someone to have an abortion was 12.3%, females who experienced an abortion were only 5.7%. 4. Regarding genital physiology, there was a statistically significant differences in gender ( t = -7.342, p=0.000). Regarding contraceptive methods, there was a statistically significant difference in the father's education level(F= 2.421, p=0.036) 5. In sexual attitudes, there were statistically significant differences in gender( t = 4.456, p = 0.000), religion(F=4.315, p=0.000), high school(F=3.150, p=0.045), habitation form(F= 3.164, p=0.0025 and methods of acquiring sexual knowledge(F=2.990, p=0.012). 6. The variables regarding sexual experience were gender, high school, economic status, habitation form, method of acquiring sexual knowledge, and parental attitudes toward sex. From the result of the study, sex education is required and must be taught as a regular course in the curriculum of all Korean schools at all levels.

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Convergence Research on the Effect of Awareness Enhancing Education of International Development Cooperation on Global Citizenship, Career Identity, Career Preparation Behavior, and Cooperative Efficacy (대학교 국제개발협력의 이해 수업이 세계시민의식, 진로정체성, 진로준비행동 및 협력적 효능감에 미치는 효과에 대한 융합연구)

  • Ryu, Young Mi;Sim, Seon-Ju;Park, Sun-Young
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2019
  • This convergence study was conducted to identify the effect of the awareness enhancing program of the international development cooperation of college students sponsored by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA). A quasi-experimental study design was used. The participants consisted of one experimental group (n=32) who attended the awareness enhancing class of international development cooperation and the other control group (n=32) who did not participate in the class in a university in C city. The data were collected using online survey before the first class and after the last class in spring semester 2019. Collected data were analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS WIN Version 20.0 program. The levels of global citizenship (p=.003) and career preparation behavior (p=.013) was higher in the experimental group than in the control group. However, career identity(p=.385) and cooperative efficacy(p=.488) did not show significant difference between the groups. This study proposed the direction for the awareness enhancing program of the international development cooperation of college students by showing its positive effects on the global citizenship and career preparation behavior.

A Study on Knowledge and Attitude of a Group of Regional University Students (가족보건에 대한 지식 및 태도에 관한 조사연구 (일부 지방대학생을 중심으로))

  • 박선섭
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.81-92
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    • 1984
  • To find out the amount of knowledge and the attitude which a group of students attending local universities have toward family health, I distributed 690 questionaires to three local universities which I chose. I arrived at the following conculsion after 628 questionnairs were returned. 1) 431 male students(89.8%) and 126 femals students (86.2%) felt that family health science is important enough to be part of the cirriculum. 2) 374 male students (74.5) and 132 female students (90.4%) answered that they get a basic knowledge of health and disease through massmedia. 3) Should an information bureau for health and diseare be retup, 369 students(63.2%) answered that they would join information bureau. 4) In regard to a basic knowledge of health, the report says that 419 ma1e students(83.4%) and 117 female students(80%) don't know about Blood pressure, and 422 male students(84%) and 124 female students (84.9%) don't know about normal pulse and 467 male students(93%) and 128 femal stdents(87.6%) don't know about normal respiration. 5) In regard to communicable disese, 186 male students(37.1%) and 61 female students(41.7%) have a basic knowledge of these disease. In regard to diseases which commonly afflict the eldrly, 157 male students (31.2%) and 62 female students (42.4%) have a basic knowledge of these diseases. In regard to other diseases, the finding of this report are that on the average male students(74.6%) and female students of(73.4%) don't have a basic knowledge of family health. 6) 182 male students (36.2%) and 50 female students (34.2%) anwered that the way to promote health and prevent disease is to have a medical examination regularly and also 142 male students (28.2%) and 33 female students(22.6%) answered that it is necessary to have knowledge about how to keep health. 7) 254 male students (50.4%) and 90 female students (61.6%) said that when they are sick they depend on help from the pharmacist.

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A Study on Satisfaction Investigation and Current Status of Clinical Training Program for Healthcare-Affiliated Students Depends on University Hospital Availability (학교병원 유무에 따른 보건-의료계열 대학생의 임상실습 현황 및 만족도 조사)

  • Kim, Su-Jung;Kim, Byung-Kon;Park, Chang-Hee;Park, Su-Jong;Jeon, Geon-Il;Kim, Soon-Gu
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.195-203
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to identify clinical practice (clinical training education) and satisfaction depend on university hospital availability according to a survey with 850 healthcare-affiliated students. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS17.0 program. The result was shown statistically significant difference depends on gender, major departments and satisfaction of college life. In addition, there were significant differences in satisfaction of clinical training education in the environmental aspects of practice depending on whether affiliated hospital or not. There were no significant correlation found between degree of satisfaction of clinical training education and the need for affiliated hospital (r = .204, p <.01). As a result, Attached to the university hospital can be helpful to healthcare-affiliated students on environmental and educational aspects of clinical training education. Therefore, the effective and practical training programs using university-affiliated hospitals are surely needed to develop and to apply the active support.

Oral health and eating habits characteristics relating to maxillary central incisor color of the university students in their twenties (20대 대학생들의 상악중절치 색조와 구강보건 및 식습관 관련 특성)

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Yoon, Young-Suk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.261-273
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study aims to prepare the basic data of the teeth color by measuring tooth mode using the color of the maxillary central incisor of the college students in their twenties as the dental colorimeter, and oral health and eating habit characteristics were examined. Methods : The maxillary central incisor(1 teeth) of the subjects of study as 467 students(male 89, female 378) was measured during the period from November 14, December 2 2011, so the color of total 467 teeth were examined, and oral health and eating habit characteristics were researched. Results : 1. As the results of measurement of the shade, value, hue of maxillary central incisor by the general characteristics of the subject, the major(shipbuilding information, special rehabilitation for young children) was higher at 3.3 of the shade, and the grade(1), age($$\geq_-20$$), major(beauty culture & cosmetic, occupational therapy) showed higher at +2 of the value, and the grade(1) and all major showed higher at R3 of the hue. 2. As the results of measurement of the shade, value, hue of maxillary central incisor by the oral health characteristics, the subjective teeth color(yellow) and the education of oral health(no) showed higher at 2.5 of the shade. 3. As the results of measurement of the shade, value, hue of maxillary central incisor by the eating habit characteristics of the subjects, the chocolate showed higher at 3.0 and 2.0 of the shade, and the red pepper paste showed higher at +2 and STD of the value, and the green tea showed higher at $R_3$ of the hue. Conclusions : This study demonstrates that the color of the maxillary central incisor showed differences various tendency according to the oral health and eating habit characteristics.

Comparisons of Health Related Lifestyle and Dietary Behaviors according to Gender, Ethnicity and Residence Type of University Students in Yanbian, China (중국 연변 지역 대학생의 성별과 민족, 거주형태에 따른 건강관련 생활습관 및 식생활 비교)

  • Hong, Kyung Hee;Oh, Unju Hwa
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.486-498
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to examine the health-related lifestyle habits and eating behaviors according to gender, ethnicity, and residence type of university students in Yanbian, China. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 302 university students. Of the male students, 12.1% and 42.0% were in the underweight and overweight groups, respectively, and of the female subjects, 21.3% and 16.3%, were in those respective groups. More male than female students preferred the overweight body somatotype. In contrast, about 49.4% of female students were hoping to be underweight, and female students had more obvious difficulties with body somatotype perception, whereas their exercise frequency and time spent exercising per day were much less than those of male students. More Chinese than Korean-Chinese subjects exhibited regular eating habits, which included eating at the same time everyday and at the same frequency per day; these habits were, accompanied by generally healthier lifestyle habits regarding regularity of activity and exercise time. Self-boarding students had a significantly higher BMI ($23.7{\pm}5.1kg/m^2$) and were more likely to be overweight (43.5%) as compared to students who lived in a dormitory or with family. Salty taste was preferred by Chinese students more than Korean-Chinese students, and greasy taste was preferred by Korean-Chinese students as compared with Chinese students. This study found that inherent and environmental factors are related with the dietary behaviors of university students in Yanbian, China. Further studies are required to elucidate the structural elements of family life and the sociocultural factors associated with dietary behaviors in Yanbian.

Analysis of the Perception of Extreme Heat Watch Warning and Usefulness of Special Weather Reports ; Focus on the Perception of University Students (폭염특보 인지도와 기상특보 활용도 분석 ; 대학생들의 인지)

  • Park, Jong-Kil;Oh, Jin-A;Jung, Woo-Sik;Kim, Eun-Byul;Choi, Su-Jin
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1237-1246
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    • 2010
  • This paper aims to analyze the perception of university students for the extreme heat watch warning and suggest the usefulness of special weather reports. For this, we have made up a descriptive questionnaires including the perception, mass media, usefulness and satisfaction of special weather report. Using the SPSS 17.0 program, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe test were used to analyze the collected data. The result are as follows; The perception of extreme heat watch warning was some low as 59.1 percentile, we think it needs education and public relations about the extreme heat watch warning. The usefulness of special weather report was 66.6 percentile and of girl students of university that was educated about health care was higher than one of boy students of university, it needs continuous education of these students in order to upgrade satisfaction of special report and mitigate the hazard of extreme heat according to climate change. The main media to get the meteorological information of university undergraduate students were TV and Internet, it needed education and development of new contents. From these findings, suggestions are presented to help improve the extreme heat watch warning.

Analysis of Domestic Research on Depression and Stress : Focused on the Treatment and Subjects (우울과 스트레스에 관한 국내 연구 분석 : 치료와 대상자를 중심으로)

  • Jo, Nam-Hee;Na, Eun-Young
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2017
  • This study was attempted to identify the domestic research related to depression and stress. The subjects of the analysis were 1,875 college degree theses thrown in the National Assembly Library searched by the depression and stress keyword as of November 30, 2016. The analysis method visualizes atypical data with Word Cloud, which is one of the text mining techniques. We also used the R'LDA package and LDA to classify treatment and subjects. As a result of the analysis, 233(12.4%) of the total papers with therapeutic keywords were found. Application of treatment methods was art therapy, music therapy, horticultural therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, clinical art therapy, cognitive therapy, psychological therapy, depression treatment, group therapy, laughter treatment sequence. The study subjects were adolescents, elderly, patient, mother, child, female, parents, and college students in order. The results of LDA topic analysis for adolescents were classified into four topics: self-support, treatment program, relationship effect, and variable study.

A convergence study of cervical cancer knowledge and health belief affecting male non-health related majoring students' HPV vaccination intentions (비 보건계열 남자대학생의 인유두종 바이러스 예방접종 의도에 영향하는 자궁경부암 지식 및 건강신념 융합연구)

  • Jung, SungWon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.289-295
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    • 2018
  • This study is to investigate the HPV vaccination intention among male university students by cervical cancer knowledge and health belief. A sample of 159 male non-health related majoring students was asked to respond to a self-administrated questionnaire about the intention to inject HPV vaccine, knowledges of cervical cancer, and the level of health belief. T-test, ANOVA, pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple group analysis were utilized. Vaccination intention had a positive relation with knowledge of cervical cancer(${\beta}=.200$, p=.01). Health belief was also related with the vaccination intention. There was a significant relation between the vaccination intention and perceived seriousness (${\beta}=.362$, p=.01). This study suggested that the health and HPV convergent education at least as an extracurricular course should be offer to male university students for them to develop an intention to HPV vaccination.