• Title, Summary, Keyword: 강성

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Initial Stiffness of Beam Column Joints of PCS Structural Systems (PCS 구조 시스템 접합부의 초기 강성에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Soon-Kyu;Kim, Moo-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.271-282
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    • 2008
  • Specific joint devices composed of end-plates and through bolts are under development to assemble steel beams to PC columns efficiently by dry construction method for the PCS structural system, of which major structural components are precast concrete columns and steel beams. Seismic performance of the joint devices had been evaluated by experimental tests in the previous studies and it was showed that all the performance requirements regarding to strength deterioration, stiffness degradation and energy dissipation capacity were satisfied to the criteria of ACI requirements, but the initial stiffness was not. In order to find out possible causes of the insufficient rigidity of the joint devices and provide the proper measures to improve the performance of the joint accordingly, numerical analyses were carried out by using ABAQUS. Parameters, such as thickness of neoprene pad, conditions of surface between PC column and end-plate, magnitude of pretension forces of through bolts, stiffness of end-plate were taken into consideration. As the result, it was found that the rigidity of the PCS system was negatively affected by the magnitude of initial gaps between PC columns and end-plates, and insufficient stiffness of neoprene fillers and end plates. In order to improve the initial stiffness performance of the joints, measures such as increase of the magnitude of pretension forces on through bolts and increase of the stiffness of end-plate by reducing the bolt pitch and providing adequate stiffeners are recommended.

판형 홀다운스프링의 강성도해석 모델 개발

  • 송기남;서정민;이진석
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 1997
  • 유한요소법을 이용하여 경수로형 핵연료집합체에서 냉각수 유동에 의한 수직 상승력으로부터 핵연료를 지지하는 판형 HDS의 강성도를 수치해석적으로 평가할 수 있는 방법을 제안하였다 I-DEAS code의 8 node brick element를 사용하고 판스프링들간의 간섭 부위에 접촉요소를 사용한 유한요소 모델링 및 해석기법으로 평가한 탄성강성도가 변형 에너지법에 근거하여 유도된 탄성강성도 평가식으로부터 얻은 결과와 잘 일치하고 있어서 제안된 유한요소 모델링 및 해석기법은 판형 HDS의 거동 분석에 유용하게 이용될 수 있다.

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Rigidity of surfaces (곡면의 강성의 역사)

  • Kim, Ho-Bum
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2007
  • In this article, the concept of rigidity of smooth surfaces in the three dimensional Euclidean space which naturally arises in elementary geometry is introduced, and the natural process of the development of rigidity theory for compact surfaces and its generalizations are investigated.

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강성비의 변화에 따른 Shell구조의 역학적 거동

  • 도진수
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.11-15
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    • 1994
  • 본 고에서는 축대칭회전 Shell을 해석모델로 선정하여 주로 Shell의 휨 강성이 구조체의 거동에 미치는 영향에 대하여 검토하였다. 어떠한 구조형식이든 외력의 작용하에서 발생되는 응력이 축방향력 뿐이라는 것은 상당히 합리적이고 역학적으로도 명쾌한 동시에, 실제 설계상 이상적인 판단기준을 부여하지만, 실제로는 필히 휨상태를 수반하게 된다. 이러한 휨상태는 구성요소의 휨강성에 크게 의존하고 있고, 구조체에 어느정도의 휨강성을 부여하므로써 작용하중에 대한 저항능력의 증가, 변형 및 응력의 저감에 효과적이라는 것을 알 수 있다. 본 고에서는 등방성 Shell에 대한 선형 해석결과만을 게재하였으나, 이러한 성상은 여러가지 영향인자(지지조건, 하중상태 등)에 따라 아주 상이하게 나타나기 때문에 세심한 고찰이 필요하다고 할 수 있다.

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The Modified Method of Orthotropic Rigidities for Stiffened Plates with Open Ribs (개단면 리브를 갖는 보강판에 대한 직교이방성 강성의 보정 방법)

  • Chu, Seok Beom;Choi, Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.191-200
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the modified method of orthotropic rigidities for stiffened plates with open ribs is proposed to solve the problem of the inaccurate results of the orthotropic plate analysis according to the dimensions of stiffened plates. In analyzing various types of stiffened plates with open ribs using the isotropic and orthotropic plate element, orthotropic plates are found to gave smaller maximum displacements compared to isotropic plates in a range that is smaller than the special rigidity ratio and reversely. Therefore, obtaining a more accurate solution of the orthotropic plate analysis requires modifying the orthotropic rigidities of stiffened plates according to the rigidity ratio. This study presents two modified methods using the displacement function and the displacement ratio. The application of the two methods improves the accuracy of the results of the orthotropic plate analysis, although the modified method using the displacement ratio is better than the method using the displacement function in terms of serviceability and safety. The comparison with the experimental example shows that the proposed modified method improves accuracy. Therefore, the orthotropic plate analysis of stiffened plates with open ribs can achieve more accurate results using the proposed method in this study.

A Study on the Evaluation of Track Support Stiffness on the Various Track Type in Urban Transit (도시철도 궤도구조별 궤도지지강성 평가를 위한 실험적 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Wook;Park, Yong-Gul;Choi, Jung-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.262-270
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    • 2011
  • Track support stiffness which affected track maintenance and riding comfort had a big effect on the track and train. Also, track support stiffness of the track design which was based on theory differs from track support stiffness of the track generated on the field. Track support stiffness was generated by several factors such as dynamic wheel loads, vertical displacement of track, and stress at rail bottom on the field test. With the results of the field test was compared with theoretical value. This paper analyzed that track support stiffness of ballast depended on condition of ballast, and support stiffness of concrete track also depended on the characteristic of track structures such as, normal elastic fastening system, rail floating system and sleeper floating system. However, on the ballast and concrete track, the designed track support stiffness was underestimated less than the measured track support stiffness. When the track condition was estimated on service line, it would not consider the track condition on the field. Therefore, this study proposed the various track type and the range of track support stiffness based on the experimental test.

Influence of Column Base Rigidity on Behavior of Steel Buildings (강구조물 지지부의 강성도가 구조물 거동에 미치는 영향)

  • 권민호;박문호;장준호;박순응
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.165-172
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    • 2002
  • Generally, the steel rigid frame has been analyzed using finite element analysis tools. While many efforts have been poured into the understanding and accurate prediction for the nonlinear behavior of the columns and beam-columns connections, the base of the columns are modeled as simply hinged or fixed. However, the base of the steel columns practically is neither fixed not hinged. It behaves as semi-rigid. In this paper, the supports of the columns we modeled as semi-rigid and the importance of such approach in moment-resisting columns is evaluated. Two typical buildings designed by the US specification are modeled and analyzed by the finite element based on stiffness method and flexibility method. The column bases of three-story buildings are modeled as rotational springs with a varying degree of stiffness and strength that simulates the semi-rigidity of the base. Depending on the degree of stiffness and strength, the semi-rigidity varies from the hinged to the fixed. Buildings with semi-rigid column bases behaves similarly to the building with fixed bases. It has been numerically observed through the pushover and nonlinear time history analyses that the decrease of the stiffness of the column base induces the rotational demand on the int air beams. an increase of rotation demands on the first store connections and lead to a soft-story mechanists Due often to the construction and environmental effects, undesired reduction of column base stiffness may cause an increase of rotation demands on the first store connections and lead to a soft-story mechanism.

Determining the Size of a Hankel Matrix in Subspace System Identification for Estimating the Stiffness Matrix and Flexural Rigidities of a Shear Building (전단빌딩의 강성행렬 및 부재의 강성추정을 위한 부분공간 시스템 확인기법에서의 행켈행렬의 크기 결정)

  • Park, Seung-Keun;Park, Hyun Woo
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.99-112
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents a subspace system identification for estimating the stiffness matrix and flexural rigidities of a shear building. System matrices are estimated by LQ decomposition and singular value decomposition from an input-output Hankel matrix. The estimated system matrices are converted into a real coordinate through similarity transformation, and the stiffness matrix is estimated from the system matrices. The accuracy and the stability of an estimated stiffness matrix depend on the size of the associated Hankel matrix. The estimation error curve of the stiffness matrix is obtained with respect to the size of a Hankel matrix using a prior finite element model of a shear building. The sizes of the Hankel matrix, which are consistent with a target accuracy level, are chosen through this curve. Among these candidate sizes of the Hankel matrix, more proper one can be determined considering the computational cost of subspace identification. The stiffness matrix and flexural rigidities are estimated using the Hankel matrix with the candidate sizes. The validity of the proposed method is demonstrated through the numerical example of a five-story shear building model with and without damage.

A Efficient Vibration Analysis Method for the Cooncrete-Steel Deck Slab (콘크리트와 강제데크의 합성 바닥판의 실용적인 진동해석 방법)

  • Kim, Gee-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 2005
  • Composite slab structures consisted with steel deck plate and concrete material show generally anisotropic structural behavior because of different stiffness between the major direction and sub-direction of deck plate, and also the structures can be regarded as the laminated slab structures. It is necessary for the composite deck slab structures to carry out the exact vibration analysis to evaluate the serviceability. Also, it is needed to evaluate the exact structural behavior of composite deck slab with a layered orthotropic materials. In this paper, the thickness of topping concrete and deck plate are used to calculate the material coefficient stiffness of a sub-direction, and an equivalent depth calculated from sectional stiffness of concrete and deck plate is applied to get the stiffness of a major direction. The stiffness of two layered composite plates with different depth is determined by laminated theory. It is concluded that the presented method can efficiently analyze the structural behavior of composite deck slab consisted with steel deck plate and concrete material in the practical engineering field.

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Stiffness Prediction of Flatplate System According to Column Section Shape (기둥단면 형상에 따른 무량판 구조시스템 강성예측)

  • Lee, Do-Bum;Lee, Li-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.194-202
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    • 2006
  • In the present study, stiffness prediction methodologies for flat-plate structures were evaluated in comparison with the experimental results on the full-scale slab-column connections of flat-plate structures. The methodologies are as follows: the methodology proposed by Jacob S. Grossman and the methodology proposed by Choi & Song. The former does not predict the stiffness change of the slab-column connection due to the change in the column section shape and the latter overestimates the stiffness when edge length of the column section in the loading direction is long. In the present study, the equation to calculate the effective width of slabs was modified to reflect the effect of the change in the column section shape.