• Title/Summary/Keyword: 건강행위

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일부 산업장 생산직 근로자의 예방적 건강행위에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Yeong-Ran
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.2
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 1992
  • 본 연구는 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성 인식 정도와 실천정도를 파악하고 이를 요인분석하여 산업장의 예방적 건강행위를 이끌기 위한 프로그램의 기틀을 세우기 위해 시도되었다. 연구도구는 참고문헌과 선행연구 등을 참조하여 본 연구자가 만든 설문지를 사전 조사후 수정, 보완하여 사용하였다. 연구대상은 경기도 소재의 2개 기계제조업체에 근무하는 근로자들이였으며 1989년 5월 5일부터 10일까지 자료를 수집하였다. 수집된 자료 중 탈락 및 기재가 불충분한 질문지를 제외한 284명의 응답자를 분석에 사용하였다. 자료분석은 SPSS를 이용하여 전산처리하였으며, 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 1) 예방적 건강행위의 필요성 인식정도의 평균은 122.1점으로 매우 높은 점수분포를 나타냈으며, 실천정도의 평균은 87.6점으로 필요성 인식정도 보다는 낮은 실천정도를 나타냈었다. 2) 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성 인식정도와 실천 정도간의 상관관계를 분석한 결과 29개 예방적 건강행위 중 20개의 항목에서 통계적으로 유의한 상관관계를 보였다. 이것을 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성 인식정도가 높을수록 실천정도가 높은 것을 의미하는 것으로 인식정도가 행위에 영향을 미침을 반영하고 있다. 3) 요인분석결과 29개의 예방적 건강행위 항목들은 7가지의 요인으로 범주화되었으며 각 범주들은 요인부하량이 높은 것들을 참고로 하여 보건의료자원활동을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 개인위생에 대한 예방적 건강행위, 작업과 관련된 건강행위, 식습관을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 휴식을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 기호습관(금연, 금주)을 통한 예방적 건강행위, 활동을 통한 예방적 건강행위등으로 명명할 수 있었다. 결론적으로 생산직에 종사하고 있는 근로자들은 예방적 건강행위에 대한 필요성을 깊이 인식하고 있으나, 실천정도는 그에 미치지 못하고 있었다. 그러나 예방적 건강행위의 필요성 인식정도와 실천정도간의 상관관계에서 29개 항목중 20개 항목에서 유의한 상관관계를 보여 인식정도가 높을 수록 실천정도가 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이는 근로자의 건강에 대한 인식 및 태도가 가장 직접적으로 영향을 미칠 수 있는 산업간호사의 역할 중 보건교육에 대한 업무가 보다 중요한 비중으로 수행되어져야 함을 시사하는 결과라고 볼수 있다.

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The relationship among cardiocerebrovascular disease knowledge, attitude, health behavior among aged 30s, 40s male workers (30, 40대 남성 근로자의 심뇌혈관질환 인식, 예방에 대한 태도, 건강행위실천에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, seong-ah;Oh, eun-jin;Kong, jeong-hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.423-424
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 30대, 40대 남성 근로자의 심뇌혈관질환 인식, 예방에 대한 태도, 건강행위 간의 관계를 알아보고, 건강행위에 미치는 영향요인을 파악하여 30,40대 남성 근로자의 건강행위를 증진키기 위한 기초 자료를 제공하기 위하여 시도되었다. 연구대상자는 G도 J, S시에 소재한 회사에 근무하는 30대, 40대 남성 근로자를 대상으로 하였으며, 자료 수집은 심혈관질환 인식, 뇌혈관질환 인식, 예방에 대한 태도, 건강행위 도구를 통하여 설문 조사하였다. 자료 분석은 SPSS Win 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 평균 평점은 심혈관질환 인식 정도는 17.99점, 뇌혈관질환 인식 정도는 5.21점, 예방에 대한 태도는 3.95점, 건강행위 정도는 2.82점으로 나타났다. 대상자의 심혈관질환 인식, 뇌혈관질환 인식, 예방에 대한 태도는 건강행위와 양의 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 대상자의 건강행위에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 결혼상태, 심혈관질환 인식 순이었으며, 전체 설명력은 14.6%이었다. 본 연구를 바탕으로 심뇌혈관질환 예방을 위한 건강행위의 교육적 시사점과 후속연구에 대한 제언을 하였다.

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Changes in risk factors of metabolic syndrome by health behavior compliance rates (건강행위 이행율에 따른 대사증후군 발생 위험요인 변화)

  • Lee, Ji Eun;Lee, Eun Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.559-571
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the changes in the risk factors of metabolic disease by compliance rate and numbers of health behaviors performed in the people who voluntarily participated in the metabolic disease management program implemented in a public health care center. Data were collected from a total of 168 people, January to June of 2015. Data were analyzed by paired t-test and ANOVA with post hoc test. The compliance rates were about 62% and 66% at 3 and 6 months respectively after implementing the program. Although the numbers of health behaviors performed was small, the participants with high compliance rate had significantly lower risk factors of metabolic disease after 6 months. Therefore the compliance rate is critically important to manage metabolic disease and enhancing compliance rate of health behaviors should be developed and investigated in the future studies.

A Study on the Oral Health Promotion Behavior of High Schoolers in a Part (일부지역 고등학생의 구강건강증진행위에 관한 조사)

  • Hwang, Ji-Min;Han, Ji-Hyoung
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health promotion behavior of adolescents in an effort to help improve policy selling on oral health projects and determine how to teach teens to promote their oral health throughout their lives. The findings of the study were as follows: First, among different sons of oral health promotion behavior, they were best at improving oral nutritive conditions. Second, they differed from one another according to grade and age in improving oral nutritive conditions, and income made a difference to getting oral-related social support. Third, there was generally a significant correlation among the variables that concerned oral health promotion behavior. The effort by this study to grasp the oral health promotion behavior of teenagers is expected to provide useful information on how to encourage students to get into the right oral habit.

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The Effects of Family Function, Health Perception, and Self-efficacy on Health Promoting Behaviors of Nursing College Students (간호대학생의 가족기능, 건강지각, 자기효능감이 건강증진행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dong-Young;Kim, Mi-Jo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.561-570
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    • 2017
  • This is a descriptive research study aimed to investigate the relationship between health promoting behaviors, and some factors such as family function, health perception, and self - efficacy of nursing college students and identify the factors affecting health promoting behaviors. Results showed that family function, health perception, and self - efficacy were correlated with health promoting behaviors. Regression analysis showed that family function, health perception, and self - efficacy seemed to explain 37.7% of health promoting behaviors. Thus, as family function, health perception, and self-efficacy are important factors that affect health promoting behaviors of nursing college students, it is necessary to develop a health education program considering family function, health perception, and self-efficacy to promote desirable health promoting behaviors. In the follow-up study, it is necessary to expand the study subjects and the results of such studies should be applied to the development of programs aimed at promoting the health of nursing college students, and further studies should be conducted to verify the effectiveness of those programs.

A Study on Factors Affecting National Cancer Prevention Practices Health Behavior of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 국민 암 예방수칙 건강행위에 미치는 요인연구)

  • Baek, So-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and optimism bias about cancer, and the degree of national cancer prevention health behavior and to identify factors affecting cancer prevention behaviors. The data were collected from June 3 to June 28, 2020 for 241 nursing college students at J-C University. As a result of the study, nursing students' knowledge of cancer was 23.28±5.62 points, attitude was 40.33±8.15 points, optimistic bias was -.13±1.48 points, and national cancer prevention health behavior was 3.47±.59 points. National cancer prevention health behaviors of nursing students correlated with knowledge, attitudes, and optimistic biases on cancer. Among them, variables affecting cancer prevention health behaviors are attitudes toward cancer and optimism bias, which is 37.0 %. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program to increase attitudes toward cancer and reduce optimism, and to practice cancer prevention health behaviors by reducing biases through positive attitudes and awareness of the importance of health behaviors through systematic and continuous education.

The Convergence Study of Differences in Nursing College Students' Grit and Heath Promotion Behavior by General Characteristics and Heath Behavior (간호대학생의 일반적 특성 및 건강행동에 따른 그릿, 건강증진행위 차이 융합 연구)

  • Heo, Eun-ju
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to clarify relationships between nursing college students' grit and health promotion behavior through examining differences in those variables by general characteristics and health behavior. Participants were 3rd-year students of nursing science at 2 colleges in Gyeongnam. Data collected from them or 180 questionnaire sheets were analyzing using SPSS 21 Program. The study found differences in grit and health promotion behavior were statistically significant, respectively, depending on gender, health interest, eating habit or smoking and on perceived health state, health interest, eating habit, alcohol or exercise. This study also found that there were significantly positive correlations between grit and health promotion behavior and significantly positive effect of grit, eating habit or exercise on the promotion behavior. These findings suggest that various education programs or strategies should be created to improve nursing college students' regular eating habits, accurate exercise and grit that influence their health promotion behavior.

Relationship between Health Promotion Behavior and Health Service Satisfaction at Regular Medical Checkup (정기건강검진 상담만족도와 건강증진행위와의 관계 - 지방공무원교육원생을 대상으로 -)

  • Park, Mi-Ae;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Moo-Sik;Hong, Jee-Young;Kim, Sang-Ha
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.778-781
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 정기적인 건강검진을 받는 수검자들이 검진결과에 대한 상담을 받는 것이 건강증진행위에 좋은 영향을 줄 수 있는가에 대한 목적을 가지고 있으며 연구결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 검증결과 인구의 일반적 특성에 따른 건강검진 후 교육 및 상담에 대한 만족도 정도는 성별에서는 여성보다 남성의 만족도가 높았고, 직렬의 경우 기능직공무원이 만족도가 높았으며, 재직기간이 오래 될수록 만족도가 높았다. 2. 건강검진 시 상담서비스 만족도와 건강증진행위의 관계 분석결과 만족도 내용에서 '검진결과 설명시 교정해야할 건강 위험에 대한 지적, '검진결과에 따른 건강 상담', '검진 후 결과에 대해 제공하는 상담 및 보건 교육', '검진 후 결과에 관련된 자료나 진료 혹은 상담안내'에서 건강증진행위와 영향관계를 가지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 3. '검진결과 설명 시 교정해야 할 건강 위험에 대한 지적'은 식사조절과 건강관리행위, '검진결과에 따른 건강 상담'은 건강관리행위, '검진 후 결과에 대해 제공하는 상담 및 보건 교육'은 신체활동과 심리적 안정, '검진 후 결과에 관련된 자료나 진료 혹은 상담안내'는 건강관리행위와 영향관계를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 위의 연구결과에서 나타난 건강검진서비스 만족도가 낮은 항목의 불만족요인을 분석하여 건강교육 프로그램 계획 시 교육내용에 포함한다면 건강검진서비스 만족도가 상승할 것이며, 건강증진행위를 높일 수 있다고 생각한다.

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Health concern, health information orientation, e-health literacy and health behavior in aged women : focused on 60-70s (여성노인의 건강관심도, 건강정보지향, 인터넷 건강정보 문해력 및 건강행위 : 60-70대를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Young Hee;Ji, Eun Joo;Yun, Ok-Jong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate health concern, health information orientation, e-health literacy and health behavior, and to identify affecting factors of health behavior on elderly women. The subjects consisted of 203 elderly women in the C city. The variables were measured using questionnaires, analyzed using descriptive statistic, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. The health concern, health information orientation and health behavior were not significant difference in 60s and 70s. The e-health literacy was significant difference. Factors influencing health behavior in 60s was health information orientation, and explanation of health behavior is 14.8%. In 70s was living situation, and explanation of health behavior is 6.6%. These results suggest that it is necessary to develop health promotion program to improve health behavior for elderly women, and including health concern, e-health literacy in the information era.

The relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program (건강교육프로그램 참여 노인들의 신체능력, 주관적인 건강상태와 건강증진행위의 관계)

  • Ko, Yun-Hwa
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.571-581
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program. For these purposes, we conducted a survey with 207 elderly. The findings were as follows. First, high physical strength group compared to the other groups had high subjective health status and health promoting behavior. Second, physical competence influenced positively on subjective health status. Third, physical competence influenced not significantly on health promoting behavior. Fourth, subjective health status influenced positively on health promoting behavior. These results were discussed based on previous literature and theory.