• Title, Summary, Keyword: 경사기능재료

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Thermal and Creep Analysis of an Exhaust Duct of Smart UAV with FGM (경사기능재료를 사용한 스마트 무인기 덕트의 열해석과 크리프 해석)

  • Im, Jong-Bin;Park, Jeong-Seon;Yun, Dong-Yeong;Lee, Jeong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2006
  • The high temperature occurs due to the combustion gas from engine in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). The high temperature may cause serious damages in UAV structure. The Functionally Graded Material (FGM) is chosen as a candidate material of the engine duct structure. A functionally graded material (FGM) is a two- component mixture composed by compositional gradient materials from one material to the other. In contrast, traditional composite materials are homogeneous mixtures, and involve compositions between the desirable properties of the component materials. Since significant proportions of an FGM contain the pure form of each material, the need for compromise is eliminated. The properties of both components can be fully utilized. Thermal stress analysis of FGM layers (20, 40, 60, 80 and 100) is performed in this paper. In addition, the creep behavior of FGM applied in duct structure of an engine is analyzed for better understanding of FGM characteristics.

Residual Stresses and Fracture Toughness in $Al_2O_3$/Al FGMs ($Al_2O_3$/Al 경사기능 재료의 잔류응력 및 파괴인성)

  • 정태주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.59-59
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    • 2003
  • 경사기능 재료는 위치에 따른 특성 변화를 갖고 있어 변화하는 주변 환경에서 사용되는 재료의 응용성을 높일 수 있는 장점이 있다. 적합한 경사기능 재료의 제조를 위해서는 탄성률, 강도, 인성 등의 위치에 따른 변화를 예측하는 것이 필요하다. 그러나 재료 내에서의 탄성률 변화 등으로 인해 경사기능 재료에서 인성을 정량적으로 표현하는데는 어려움이 있으므로 이를 정량적으로 측정하고, R-curve를 결정하는 것은 재료의 응용성에 중요한 인자가 된다. 본 연구에서는 폴리우레탄 스폰지를 이용하여 밀도의 분포가 연속적으로 다른 폴리 우레탄 스폰지를 제조하고 이에 알루미나 분말 슬러리를 이용하여 slip casting을 행하였다. 그 후 폴리 우레탄 스폰지를 탈지한 후 알루미나 성형체를 소결하여 연속적인 기공률 분포가 다른 다공성 알루미나를 제조하였으며, 이에 Al을 용침하여 $Al_2O_3-Al$ 경사기능 재료를 제조하였다. 이러한 $Al_2O_3-Al$ 경사기능 재료에 대해 파괴인성 및 R-curve 특성을 CT(conpact tension)시편으로 측정하였으며, 이를 균일한 복합체의 파괴인성과 비교하였다. 또한 잔류 응력 특성을 파악하기 위해 실험적이 응력 데이터를 Moire interferometry를 이용하여 결정하였다. 또한 이를 유한요서 해석법(FEM)에 의한 계산치와 비교하였다. 서로 다른 조성 분포를 갖는 $Al_2O_3-Al$ 경사기능 재료와 균일한 복합체의 파괴인성을 비교한 결과 동일한 Al조성에서도 서로 다른 파괴 인성치가 나타났다. $Al_2O_3-Al$ 경사기능 재료에서 파괴인성에 영향을 줄 수 있는 인자로는 술수한 $Al_2O_3$의 파괴인성에 Al금속의 소성변형에 의한 인성증진 효과, 그리고 경사기능 재료에서 상호 조성차이에 따른 잔류응력을 고려할 수 있을 것이다. 이중 $Al_2O_3-Al$ 경사기능 재료의 파괴인성에 미치는 잔류응력의 영향을 고려하기 위해 이의 잔류응력에 대해 실험에 의한 유추된 잔류응력과 FEM계산에 의해 유추된 잔류 응력을 비교, 분석하였다.

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Synthesis of $TiB_{2}/Cu$ FGM by SHS process (SHS법에 의한 $TiB_{2}/Cu$계 경사기능재료의 제조)

  • 박현철;연석주
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.386-393
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    • 1995
  • A Abstract Producing process of FGM by SHS process has been investigated and $TiB_2$/Cu based FGM was fabricated by the process. When raw material powders were stacked on, Cu substrate, composition profile can be graded. This stacked body was compressed and vacuum­s sealed into the capsule for the synthesis. This sample was ignited and compressed under high h hydro - pressure. By the observation of the crystal phases and microstructures of produced $TiB_2$/Cu FGM samples, the compositional gradient was able to be identified.

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Functionally Gradient Materials (FGMs) for Improved Thermo-mechanical Properties (열.기계적 특성 향상을 위한 경사기능 재료 (FGM))

  • 박성용;김진홍;김문철;박찬경
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 2004
  • The basic concept of functionally gradient materials (FGM) is to fabricate materials type having possibilities of applications in various fields by changing their intrinsic properties with continuous gradient. The present communication has reviewed the developments and applications of various FGMs designed for improved thermo-mechanical properties, in which the thermal protective and wear resistant materials are especially focused. Effects of thermo-mechanical properties and limits of FGMs designed for high temperature applications were mainly understood in terms of residual stress evolved from the design and fabrication. In addition, FGMs applied in structural parts were also introduced and discussed in terms of typical fabrication method for FGMs.

High efficiency functionally graded thermoelectric materials (고효울 경사기능성 열전변환재료)

  • Park, Hyun-Jong;Ko, Kwang-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2267-2268
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    • 2008
  • 에너지 문제가 국제적인 이슈로 떠오르고 있는 가운데 열에너지와 전기에너지 사이의 에너지 변환 현상, 즉 열전효과를 이용한 열전발전은 최근 여러 국가에서 연구가 활발히 진행 중이다. 경사기능성 재료(FGM)란 기존의 물질들에 경사적인 특성 변화를 주어 새로운 물질로 탄생시킨 개념으로, 이 논문에서는 그동안 발표된 열전변환재료들의 열전변환특성을 이용하여 경사기능성재료를 구성하여 보았다. 또한 구성한 경사기능성재료와 단일재료를 이용하여 기본적인 열전발전회로에 적용시켜, 변환효율을 계산하여 보았다. 시뮬레이션 결과를 이용하여 경사기능성 열전변환재료와 단일 물질의 변환 효율을 비교하였으며, 경사기능성 열전변환재료가 단일 열전변환재료보다 뛰어난 성능을 갖고 있음을 유도하였다.

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Ceramic Actuators with PLZT Functionally Gradient Material (PLZT 경사 기능 재료를 이용한 세라믹 엑튜에이터)

  • Choi, Seung-Chul;Kim, Han-Soo;Sohn, Jeong-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Jai;Jeong, Hyeong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 1991
  • In PLZT system, a new type of material for piezoelectric actuator was developed and its properties were investigated. This material consists of three layers : a piezoelectric ceramic layer, an interlayer which composition changes gradually, and another piezoelectric layer. This kind of materials is called functionally Gradient Materials(FGM). The composition of these layers were selected from the $(Pb,\;La)(Zr,\;TiO_3$ system through the concept of materials design. Sintered FGM at $1300^{\circ}C$, 2hr has an interlayer of about $20\mu\textrm{m}$ with no distorted damage. Dielectric and piezoelectic properties of FGM show intervalues of each side composition. The strain-voltage characteristics in FGM system was improved comparison with any single composition. Especially, the FGMs were fabricated which has high piezoelectric-low dielectric composition and low piezoelectric-high dielectric composition. The properties of both FGMs were significantly improved.

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Deposition of SiC/C functionally gradient materials by chemical vapour deposition (화학기상증착법(CVD)에 의한 SiC/C 경사기능재료의 증착)

  • Yootaek Kim;Nam Hun Kim;Keun Ho Orr
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.262-275
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    • 1994
  • SiC/C functionally gradient materials (FGM) were deposited on the graphite substrate by the chemical vapor deposition method. The best deposition conditions of SiC/C FGM were $1300^{\circ}C, H_2/[SiCl_4+CH_4]=10, CH_4/[$SiCl_4+CH_4]=0.5-0.6$. Despite of discontinuous input gas ratio change, the FGM of which composition was continuously changed could be obtained and continuous structural change without definite interfaces was confirmed by the SEM observation.

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Analysis of Thermal Response of Rectangular Plates Made of Functionally Graded Materials (경사.기능재료 사각평판의 열적거동 해석)

  • 민준식;강호식;정남희;송오섭
    • Composites Research
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.78-84
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a study of thermal response of two types of functionally graded materials (FCM) plates composed of $\textrm{Al}_2\textrm{O}_3$ and Ti-6Al-4V is presented. The material properties of the functionally graded plates are assumed to vary continuously through the thickness of the plate according to a power law distribution of the volume fraction of the constituents. It is supposed that the top and bottom surfaces of the plate are heated and kept as constant thermal boundary conditions. The fundamental equations for rectangular plates of FGM are obtained using Hamilton's variational principles. The solution is obtained in terms of Navier Solution. The influence of volume fraction and temperature is studied on the static deflection and natural frequency of FCM plate.