• Title/Summary/Keyword: 고혈압

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A Bal I RFLP of Dopamine D3 Receptor Gene in Korean Hypertensives (한국인 고혈압군에서 Dopamine D3 receptor 유전자에 존재하는 Bal I 제한절편길이 다형성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Seoun Jeong;Jang Dai Ho;Kang Byung Yong;Kim Hyun Hee;Lee Kang Oh
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2003
  • 고혈압은 다양한 유전적 요인과 환경적 요인들이 상호작용하여 발병하는 질환으로, 기존의 연구에서 dopamine D3 receptor(DRD3)와 고혈압과의 관련성에 관한 보고들이 있었다. 이에, 본 연구에서는 DRD3 유전자에 존재하는 Bail제한절편길이 다형성이 한국인 집단에서 고혈압과 어떠한 관련성이 있는 지를 조사하였다. 환자-대조군 연구를 수행한 결과 이 유전자에 존재하는 다형성은 한국인 집단에서 고혈압과 유의한 관련성을 나타내지 않았다. 그러나, 이 다형성을 구성하는 대립 유전자의 빈도를 여러 민족집단의 결과들과 비교했을 때, 흑인 집단과 유의한 차이를 나타내었다. 따라서, 이러한 결과는 DRD3유전자에 존재하는 다형성이 고혈압과의 관련성을 나타내는 지를 정확하게 이해하기 위해서는 혹인 집단을 비롯한 다른 민족집단들을 대상으로 하여 광범위한 연구를 수행할 필요가 있을 것으로 생각된다.

Development of Hypertension Patients Management System using Sequential Patterns and Association Rules (순차패턴과 연관규칙을 이용한 고혈압 환자 관리 시스템 개발)

  • Park, Nam youl;Hong, Jae-sin;Park, Doo-Soon;Hong, Min;Lee, Hwa-Min;Jeong, Young-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.555-557
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    • 2009
  • 최근 의료 패러다임은 치료에서 예방과 관리의 개념으로 변화하고 있다. 특히 우리나라 성인 인구 중 20~30%에서 발견되는 만성질환은 예방과 관리가 더욱 필요한 성인병이다. 본 논문에서는 만성 질환 중 지속적인 치료와 예방 그리고 관리가 필요한 고혈압 환자들을 관리하기 위하여 생체 데이터, 검진 데이터, 문진 데이터, 생활 습관 등을 이용하여 순차패턴 방법을 적용한 고혈압 환자에 대한 약제 처방 시스템과 연관규칙을 적용하여 고혈압 환자들에게 24시간 관리가 가능하도록 하는 고혈압 환자 관리 시스템을 개발한다.

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The Effect of Systemic Hypertension on the Pediatric Brain (중추신경계에 미치는 소아 고혈압의 영향)

  • Hur, Yun-Jung
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2011
  • Hypertension is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood and adolescence. Untreated hypertension adversely affects many organs including heart, brain, kidney and peripheral arteries. We reviewed the complication of central nervous system caused by pediatric hypertension. Cerebral blood flows are maintained constantly in response to changes in blood pressure by cerebral autoregulation. Severe hypertension which destructs cerebral autoregulation results in acute hypertensive encephalopathy syndrome, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke. Chronic pediatric hypertension induces learning disability and cognitive defect which are subclinical symptom prior to brain damage caused by severe hypertension. We should consider the effect of hypertension on pediatric brain because appropriate antihypertensive drugs could prevent these complications.

Probable Isolated Hypertensive Brainstem Encephalopathy Combined with Intracerebral Hemorrhage: a Case Report (뇌출혈과 동반된 뇌간에 국한된 고혈압 뇌병의증: 사례 보고)

  • Kim, Ah-Young;Seo, Hyung Suk;Jeong, Sang-Wuk;Lee, Yong Seok
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.258-262
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    • 2014
  • Hypertensive encephalopathy and basal ganglia intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are a medical emergency caused by a sudden elevation of systemic blood pressure. Although the relationship between hypertensive encephalopathy and large ICH has not been clarified yet, Cushing reflex in acute elevations of ICP due to large ICH may induce or aggravate hypertensive encephalopathy. We report a rare case of isolated hypertensive brainstem encephalopathy combined with hypertensive ICH.

Survey of Knowledge on Hypertension among the Parents of Elementary School Students (초등학생 학부모의 고혈압 관련 지식에 관한 조사)

  • Kim, Jin-Soon
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: Hypertension is the most important risk factors for the cerebrovascular diseases, and also for coronary heart diseases, it is therefore very important that the people have a knowledge on nature of hypertension and it's high risk in order to prevent and detect the hypertension as early as possible. Methods: This study was done to find out the knowledge on hypertension of 434 parents of elementary school students from Kimjae city, Jonbuk province, they were parents in grade 4, 5 and 6 attending two elementary schools. The survey took 10 days from November 20 to November 30, 2003. Results: first, The highest correct answer(94.5%) was "obesity is risk factors for hypertension", followed by "hypertension is closely related with hereditary factors(91.0%) and "high sodium intake is associated with high blood pressure"(85.7%). The lowest correct answer(77.4%) was the classification of blood pressure level between normal and high. Second, Rate of blood pressure measurement for fathers was 53.7% and 54.8% in mothers. Awareness of own blood pressure by fathers was 84.1 %, while 91.1% by mothers. Third, According to blood pressure level reported by parents, fathers with normal blood pressure was 59.2%, high normal blood pressure was 12.2%, while hypertension was 28.6%. It revealed that prevalence of hypertension of fathers was higher than mother (normal: 74.5%, high normal: 7.7%, hypertension: 18.2%). Conclusions: From the results of this study, it is important to strengthen the health education about hypertension for community people and also school students.

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Risk Factors for Hypertension of Middle Aged Male Workers using Data from Health Check-ups (중년 남성 근로자의 고혈압 발생에 관련된 요인의 검토)

  • Ahn, Kwon-Suk;Park, Sung-Kyeong;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4686-4693
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    • 2012
  • The present study was conducted to identify the factors related to the hypertension, and to offer the evidence of 1st prevention of hypertension. 2,230 male workers aged 30-59 years were observed the relationships between hypertension and age, BMI, glucose intolerance, smoking, alcohol drinking, regular exercise, eating habits using data from health check-ups in 2011. As a results, the incidence rate of hypertension was 18.8% of 30-39 year old group, 23.8% of 40-49 year old group, 33.0% of 40-49 year old group. The incidence rate of hypertension was significantly higher as age and BMI ascend, and it was higher in the group of abnormal glucose intolerance, regular alcohol intake, no regular exercise than their respective counterparts. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratio of hypertension increased significantly as there is an increase in age, and the group of abnormal glucose intolerance, smoking, regular alcohol intake, no regular exercise. In conclusion, obesity, glucose intolerance, alcohol intake, and physical inactivity are risk factors for hypertension, therefore we need the control of these factors for 1st prevention of hypertension.

Evaluation of Hypertension Prevention and Management Programs Conducted by Community Health Nurse Practitioners in Rural Areas of Korea (농촌지역 보건진료소의 고혈압 예방 및 관리사업 평가)

  • Kwon, Myung-Soon;Cho, Won-Jung;Kim, Mi-Ja;Lee, Hyeon-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study aims to evaluate effectiveness of hypertension prevention and management programs (HPMPs) in rural Korea. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted with 700 community health practitioners working at primary health care posts (PHCPs). The questionnaire had four domains, which were hypertension management, hypertension prevention, the PHCP environment, and evaluation system, each with different maximum weighted values (WVs). Weighted values of 100 indicate the best effectiveness for the HPMP in all four domains. Results: The average WVs and percent effectiveness of all four domains combined was 61.65 (62%); the hypertension management domain was 28.81 (72%); the hypertension prevention domain was 23.44 (67%); the PHCP environment was4.29(43%); and the evaluation system was5.10(34%). Conclusion: The HPMPs were generally effective, and hypertension management was the most effective. The environment of PHCPs and the evaluation system of HPMPs should be improved to increase the effectiveness of the HPMPs.

MACROD2 Polymorphisms Are Associated with Hypertension in Korean Population (한국인에서의 MACROD2 유전자 다형성과 고혈압 상관성 연구)

  • Ko, Bokyung;Jin, Hyun-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2019
  • Hypertension is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. In advanced countries, more than 30% of adults have hypertension. Among the genetic factors affecting hypertension, there are reports from European cohort studies that variants of the MACROD2 gene are correlated with blood pressure and the hypertension status. In this study, genetic polymorphisms of the MACROD2 gene region were selected and extracted based on Korean Genome and Epidemiology data, and logistic regression analysis was then performed for the hypertensive state. Linear regression analysis was also performed for the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. As a result, 16 SNPs showed a statistically significant association with a hypertensive state, and 2 SNPs (rs16996211, rs6034240) showed statistical significance, even in blood pressure. The most significant rs16996211 had a relative risk of hypertension of 0.85 (CI: 0.76~0.95, $P=3.1{\times}10^{-3}$), as well as an association with the systolic blood pressure (beta=-0.75, P=0.024) and diastolic blood pressure (beta=-0.59, P=0.01). These results suggest that polymorphisms of the MACROD2 gene are associated with hypertension in both Caucasians and Koreans, and highlight the potential genetic correlations with the pathogenesis of hypertension.

고혈압 노인과 건강한 노인의 항산화 영양상태 비교

  • 김미정;김정희
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.1079-1079
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    • 2003
  • 최근 노인인구의 증가와 함께 식생활의 변화에 의해 사망원인의 변화가 일어나고 있다 한국인의 주요 사망원인 중 뇌혈관 및 심장질환 등 순환기계 질환에 의한 사망이 증가하고 있는 추세이며, 심장순환계 질환의 위험요인인 고혈압의 이환률도 65세 이상 노인에게서 증가하고 있다. 고혈압은 만성질환으로 산화적 스트레스를 증가시키는 질환이므로 본 연구에서는 건강한 노인과 고혈압 노인의 체내 항산화 영양상태를 비교하기 위해 울산지역 50세 이상 노인을 대상으로 하였다. 대조군은 질환이 없거나 골다공증, 위장질환과 같은 기타 질환을 가진 사람 96명이었으며, 고혈압환자군은 고혈압을 가진 모든 질환자 118명이었고, 항산화 영양소 섭취나 혈장내 항산화 영양상태에 영향을 미치는 성별, 연령, 흡연 및 음주상태를 보정하여 비교하였다. 고혈압환자의 평균 유병기간은 6.1년이었으며, 항산화 비타민 섭취량은 비타민 A, retinol, $\beta$-carotene과 비타민 C 섭취량 모두 고혈압 유무에 따른 유의적인 차이가 나타나지 않았으나 고혈압환자의 섭취량이 높은 경향을 보였다. 한국인영양권장량과 비교한 결과 대조군의 비타민 A 섭취는 권장량의 86.2%, 고혈압환자군은 권장량의 103.0%를 섭취하여 고혈압군에서 유의적으로 높았고, 권장량의 75% 이하 섭취자의 비율은 대조군에서 46.9%, 고혈압군에서 41.5%로 조사되었다. 비타민 C 섭취는 대조군에서 권장량의 176.6%, 고혈압군에서는 189.0%로 나타나 질환의 유무에 관계없이 두 군 모두 권장량의 170%이상을 섭취하고 있었으나 권장량의 75% 이하를 섭취하는 사람의 비율이 대조군에서 13.5%, 고혈압군에서 17.0%로 고혈압군에서 높게 나타났다. 혈장 비타민 C의 농도는 대조군 15.3 mg/L, 고혈압환자 15.9mg/L, 혈장 $\beta$-carotene 농도는 대조군 0.21mg/L, 고혈압환자 0.22 mg/L로 나타나 고혈압 유무에 따른 차이가 없었고, 혈장 비타민 A,E 농도 및 총 항산화능력은 대조군에 비해 고혈압환자에게서 유의적으로 높게 나타났다. 또한 혈장 지질과산화물의 농도도 유의적이지는 않지만 고혈압환자에게서 높은 경향이 나타났다. 따라서 고혈압에 따른 항산화 영양상태를 비교한 결과 전반적인 항산화 비타민의 섭취량, 혈중 비타민 농도 및 총 항산화능력이 예상과 달리 대조군 보다 고혈압환자에게서 유의적으로 높게 나타났다. 이런 결과는 질환자들이 자신이 가진 질병의 진전을 막거나 치료의 목적으로 치료제를 복용하고, 식이요법을 실시하고 있기 때문으로 사료되며, 고혈압과 같이 산화적 스트레스가 증가하는 질환의 경우 체내 항산화 체계 반응이 이러한 변화에 효율적으로 대처하기 위한 방향으로 증가되었을 가능성이 있을 것으로 사료된다. 특히, 본 연구의 대상자들의 유병기간이 6.1년으로 비교적 길기 때문에 질환의 진행정도에 따른 항산화 상태를 측정하거나 비교적 질환으로 판정된 직후의 사람들의 대상으로 한 연구 등 더 많은 연구가 필요하다.

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Factors Influencing Health related Quality of Life in Patients with Hypertension : Based on the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (고혈압 환자의 건강관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인: 제5기 국민건강영양조사를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Kyongeun;Cho, Eunhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.399-409
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing health related quality of life(HRQOL) in patients with hypertension. Methods: This study carried out secondary analysis using the data from the $5^{th}$ Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subject samples who were selected are 1,240 hypertension patients. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, traditional classic regression, and quantile regression. Results: Restriction of activity, depressive mood, and subjective health status had only significant effects on HRQOL(p<.001). After quantile regression, depressive mood and subjective health status had only significant at 20%(p<.001), 40%(p<.001), and 60%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Perceived stress(p<.001) and regular exercise(p<.01) had only significant at 20% of HRQOL. Current drinking status had only significant at 20%(p<.001) and 80%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Conclusions: Quantile regression maybe a better statistical tool in understanding the heterogeneous effect of hypertension patient's HRQOL as health outcome. Therefore interventions are needed for patients with hypertension to manage each of the factors affecting the patient's perceived health status by each quantile.