• Title/Summary/Keyword: 국가비교

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A Study on the Activation Measures of Human Tissue Donation in Korea through Comparing with Foreign Countries (해외 주요 국가와 비교 고찰을 통한 인체조직기증 활성화 방안)

  • Hyun, Yun-Jung;Lee, Nan Young;Kim, Dong Ja
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.836-844
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    • 2020
  • In modern society, there is a growing demand for human tissue donation along with organ donation. However, the awareness of tissue donation and actual donation rates remain very low in South Korea. This study was undertaken to evaluate the current status of domestic laws and systems, and to compare them with the operation systems of major foreign countries, by reviewing literature and web sites of organ donation and registration. The authors present three measures to promote human tissue donation in Korea: integration of a dual legal system in a legal aspect, vitalization of the Opt-out system in terms of system operation, and activation of public relations in terms of social and cultural aspects. The Opt-out system, in particular, is the most effective way to activate transplants in the form of presumed consent of countries without undue pressure. However, the presumed consent method requires various stages of social public debate, and the requirement is a proper domestic understanding of the registration system for rejection. In conclusion, we believe the solution towards a positive inclination for organ donation is a public policy to increase the supply for organs and human tissue transplants, and positive perception of donations, public promotion, and support for postmortem donors and their families.

A Comparison of Imported Medical Compression Stockings by Manufacturing Country (수입 의료용 압박스타킹의 제조국가별 비교)

  • Do, Wol-Hee;Kim, Nam-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.335-345
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    • 2012
  • This study provides product survey data for the development of medical compression stockings. An investigation analyzed imported medical compression stockings of 40 brands from 6 countries sold in the Korean market, such as Jobst$^{(R)}$, Therafirm$^{(R)}$, Rxtar$^{(R)}$, Varicoin$^{(R)}$, and Sheer&Soft (USA), Sigvaris Venosan$^{(R)}$ 4000 (Switzerland), Best$^{(R)}$ and Segreta$^{(R)}$ (Italy), Venex$^{(R)}$, Star cotton, Doktus$^{(R)}$, Maxis$^{(R)}$, Maxis$^{(R)}$ Cotton, Lastofa$^{(R)}$, and Memory Aloe Vera (Germany), and Gunze (Japan), Venos and Yolanda (Taiwan). The main fibers of compression stockings were nylon and spandex; in addition, the fiber content was different by country and brand. The number of compression classes of imported products was USA (5), Italy (5), Germany (4), Switzerland (3), Japan (3), and Taiwan (3). For basic body measurements, USA and Swiss brands used ankle circumference, calf circumference, thigh circumference, calf length, and thigh length. Italian brands used height and weight, and Japanese brands used height and hip circumference. German brands used subdivided circumferences such as ankle circumference, calf circumference, knee circumference, middle thigh circumference, and thigh circumference.

Position Value for Relative Comparison of Healthcare Status of Korea in 2014 (2014 한국의 보건의료의 상대적 위치와 추이: 경제협력개발기구 국가와 비교)

  • Lee, Sang Ah;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the current and trend of healthcare status of South Korea compared to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. We used the position value for relative comparison (PARC) method for measuring the healthcare status of South Korea by five parts of healthcare policy (demand, supply, accessibility, quality, and cost). Additionally, we conducted Mann-Kendall test for analyzing the trend of PARC from 2000 to the present. Demand, supply, accessibility, and quality of healthcare of Korea were located upon the average of OECD countries, and showed an increasing trend from 2000 to the present. However, primary care and screening for cervical cancer were placed at a lower level compared the OECD average. In conclusion, the current state of healthcare in Korea seems to be generally beyond the average among OECD countries. However, some parts, including primary care, need to be improved.

Assessment of Water Resources Vulnerability Index Including North Korea (북한을 포함한 국가 별 수자원 취약성 지수 산정)

  • Song, Jae Yeol;Chung, Eun-Sung;Jeong, Sunghun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.642-642
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    • 2015
  • 최근 지속가능한 개발을 위한 연구와 수자원 취약성에 대한 논의가 활발히 이루어지는 가운데, 북한의 수자원에 대한 관심 또한 증가하여 다방면으로 연구가 진행되고 있다. 본 연구는 북한 자료의 확보가 가능한 World Bank 자료를 바탕으로 Pressure-State-Response 구조에 따라 선정된 14개의 지표를 이용하여 168개 국가를 대상으로 수자원 취약성 분석을 수행하였다. 의사결정을 위한 가중치 결정은 객관적 가중치 산정방법인 Shannon의 entropy 기법을 이용하였으며, 정량적 평가를 위하여 TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution) 기법을 적용하여 국가 별 수자원 취약성을 지수화하고 취약성 순위를 도출하였다. 각 지표별 Positive Ideal Solution과 Negative Ideal Solution의 거리를 산정한 후 상대근접도계수를 산정하였으며, 상대근접도계수가 작은 국가일수록 수자원이 취약한 국가가 된다. 연구결과 북한은 168개 국가 중 17위, 우리나라는 67위로 나타났으며, 대체적으로 남 북한의 수자원 취약성이 취약한 가운데 북한이 더 취약한 것으로 나타났다. 우리나라와 연관이 깊은 주요 국가와 비교 시, 북한, 중국, 미국, 일본, 우리나라 순으로 취약성의 정도가 심각했다. 또한, 압력, 상태, 반응의 요소별로 수자원 취약성을 분석한 결과 북한이 반응요소 측면에서 타 국가에 비해 불안정하였으며, 우리나라의 경우 상태요소 측면에서 취약함을 보였다. 따라서 본 연구는 국가 간 우리나라와 북한의 상황을 파악할 수 있게 해주며, 수자원 취약성 극복을 위한 수자원 계획 및 대책을 제시할 수 있는 자료로 활용할 수 있을 것이다.

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Position Value for Relative Comparison of Healthcare Status of Korea in 2017 (2017년 한국 보건의료의 상대적 위치와 추이: 경제협력개발기구 국가와 비교)

  • Lee, Hyeon Ji;Oh, Sarah Soyeon;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.131-138
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the health status of South Korea with those of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries and examine the trends. Position vAlue for Relative Comparison (PARC) was used as a gauge for comparison, and five sectors of the health care system were measured: demand, supply, accessibility, quality, and cost. The Mann-Kendall test was used as a statistical analysis method to examine trend of PARC values obtained from 2000 to recent years. According to the results, the demand, supply, accessibility, and quality sectors were higher than the OECD average, while the cost was lower than the average. However, there is a recent trend of sharp increases in health care costs. Some indicators: health employment, quality of primary care and mental health care were lower than the OECD average, and health determinants showed a worsening trend. Therefore, policy-makers need to take this into account and make efforts for sustainable health care.

Measuring the Efficiency in Korean Railway Transport using Data Envelopment Analysis (자료포락분석 기법을 이용한 우리나라 철도수송의 효율성 측정)

  • Kim, Hyun-Woong;Kook, Kwang-Ho;Moon, Dae-Seop;Lee, Jin-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.542-547
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    • 2009
  • The objective of this paper is to measure the relative technical efficiency of Korean railway transport service. Previous studies on the efficiency in Korean railway service have carried out before the structural reform of Korean railway industry in 2004, whereas this study used the latest data which reflected the impact of reform. We analyzed the efficiency in Korean railway transport by means of measuring the technical efficiencies of other countries, these were estimated with data envelopment analysis. Using data from 22 railway operators over the period $2000{\sim}2006$, the results indicate that the Korean railway transport has been operated efficiently as compared with others.

A Comparative Analysis of Official Medical Tourism Websites : Korea, Thailand, Malaysia (국가별 의료관광 정부 공식 웹사이트 비교 분석 : 한국, 태국, 말레이시아)

  • Jin, Ki-Nam;Lee, Eun-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.408-418
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the official medical tourism websites in several countries. We compared the websites of three countries using the 4 criteria(e.g.,contents, convenience, design, interactivity). The evaluation of accessibility and subjective perception were conducted by websites users. Total 77 cases were used for the analysis. For the statistical analysis of data, MANOVA was used. According to the MANOVA analysis, The Malaysia website received the highest mark in accessibility and subjective perception. Each of the evaluations showed a significant difference among countries.

Position Value for Relative Comparison of Healthcare Status of Korea among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Countries, 2015 (2015년 한국 보건의료의 상대적 위치와 추이: 경제협력개발기구 국가와 비교)

  • Chae, Wonjenog;Lee, Sang Ah;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to evaluate the status of Korean healthcare among Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries and to monitor the trend of health care status since 2000. The position value for relative comparison (PARC) index was selected to gauge the level of healthcare status in demand, supply, accessibility, quality, and cost as per healthcare policy aspects. The Mann-Kendall test was conducted to allocate healthcare status of Korea since 2000. The PARC values indicate strength and weakness of Korean healthcare system by the mathematical comparisons. Korea positioned higher in demand, supply, accessibility, and quality. Yet, there are shortages in human resources and primary care. In conclusion, we suggest utilizing this study provides evidence to prioritize health care problems that can lead to establishing healthcare policy.

Position Value for Relative Comparison of Healthcare Status of Korea in 2018 (2018년 한국 보건의료의 상대적 위치와 추이: 경제협력개발기구 국가와 비교)

  • Youn, Hin Moi;Lee, Hyeon Ji;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2021
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the healthcare status of South Korea and other member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) using OECD health statistics 2020. We employed the position value for relative comparison index to measure the healthcare status in five following components: demand, supply, accessibility, quality, and cost. The Mann-Kendall test was used to analyze for increasing or decreasing trend of the position value for relative comparison values from 2000 to the recent year. Results showed that Korea was positioned above than the OECD median values in most of components, but lower than the median values in certain indices including healthcare employment, primary care, and mental health care. This study sheds some light on healthcare issues to be improved and the policy-makes can take into account for prior setting process.

Analysis of the Economy and Environment Efficiencies under the Regulation of Fossil Fuel and Carbon Dioxide Emission (화석에너지와 CO2배출량 규제 하의 경제와 환경의 효율성 분석)

  • Kang, Sangmok;Zhao, Dan
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.329-365
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this paper is to measure economy and environment efficiencies under fossil fuel and environment regulation by countries for 2000-2009. Distinguishing 83 countries with three groups of OECD, upper-middle, and low countries, we compare four models such as environment oriented, economy-oriented, environment-economy oriented, and two-stage types, which include a desirable output, GDP and an undesirable output, pollutant together in the production possibility set. OECD countries relatively showed high economy efficiency and low environment efficiency, whereas Non-OECD countries showed high environment efficiency and low economy efficiency. OECD countries reported a higher possibility to reduce fossil fuel and $CO_2$ emission.