• Title/Summary/Keyword: 국가비교

Search Result 44, Processing Time 0.134 seconds

A Study on the Improvement for Korean Manufacturing Firm's Innovation Capabilities (국내 제조기업의 혁신역량 제고를 위한 고찰)

  • Seo, Young-woong;Choi, Seok-joon
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.169-188
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study examines each factor's effects on the firm's innovation method selection by comparing with EU countries and suggests policy implications for improving firm's innovation capabilities, confirming the changes with the latest data. We used similar data and model for this, and as a result, Korea is located between intermediate group and catching-up group in 2005. In 2014, we found partially positive changes; increase in R&D cost ratio along innovation expenditure, conducting in-house innovation, and R&D in high-tech sector. Therefore, it is required to support innovation expenditure and complement the system for high-tech firms, those that apply patent or conduct industry-university/government research institute linkage in order to improve innovation capabilities.

Preference and Perception of Korean Foods of Foreign Consumers by Nationality (외국인 소비자의 한식 선호도와 관능적 특성에 대한 인식 - 출신국가별 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jin-Young;Kim, Kyung-Ja;Park, Young-Hee;Kim, Hang-Ran
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.9-16
    • /
    • 2010
  • To establish a globalization strategy for Korean food, it is important to ascertain foreign consumer's taste preferences and to evaluate their sensory perceptions of Korean food. In concert with previous studies, the most preferred food were Bulgogi and Galbi. However, respondents showed somewhat different preferences for other foods. Chinese and other Asian participants preferred Galbitang and Samgyetang, while Japanese participants preferred Pajeon, Galbitang and Japchae, and Western participants preferred Galbitang, Mandu and Bibimbap. The most preferred condiment was hot pepper paste (the representative condiment of Korea) and the least preferred one was ginger. Hot pepper paste was preferred most by Japanese participants, while Chinese participants tended not to prefer ginger and other Asian participants excepting those from China and Japan disliked vinegar most. Foreign consumers tended to consider Korean food as sweet, salty and very hot. Chinese participants considered Korean food to be 'plain' and 'light and washy' in taste, while Japanese participants considered Korean food to be 'greasy' and 'thick and sticky'. Chinese participants considered typical servings to be inadequate, while Japanese participants considered the servings as excessive.

Comparative Study on the Effect of Family, Organization and Community Factors on Work-Life Balance: Married and Working Women in Korea, Japan, and the U.K. (일과 삶의 균형에 영향을 미치는 가정, 조직, 지역사회 변인의 영향력에 대한 국가비교연구: 한국, 일본, 영국 기혼여성근로자를 중심으로)

  • Sohn, Young Mi;Park, Cheong Yeul
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.51-74
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study aimed to identify differences in the level of work-life balance as well as the effect of independent variables, including family (sharing family work, support for working), organization (culture, support services and systems), and community variables (accessibility to and amount of work-life balance programs), on work-life balance in South Korea, Japan, and the U.K. For these purposes, data were collected from 311, 324, and 322 married, working women (from 30 to 50 years of age) from Korea, Japan, and the U.K., respectively. It was consistently shown that U.K. employees scored higher in work-life balance than Korean and Japanese employees. Compared with Japan and the U.K., Korean participants were significantly lower in terms of work-leisure balance and work-self-development balance. The regression analysis revealed that 'sharing family work with partner' was commonly important and a major factor in all three countries. A 'supportive organizational culture' predicted work-life balance for Korean and Japanese participants, while work-life balance programs had a powerful effect on work-life balance only for U.K. participants. In the case of community variables, there were no significant effects for U.K. participants with regard to work-life balance. In contrast, 'the amount of work-life balance programs offered' was shown to affect the work-life balance of Korean working women, while 'accessibility to the programs' was significantly influential in Japan. We interpret these results according to social, economic, political, and psychological factors.

An Energy Technology R&D Investment Analysis of OECD Countries and Korea (한국과 OECD 국가의 에너지기술 R&D 투자규모 비교)

  • Min, Yun-Ji
    • International Commerce and Information Review
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.363-384
    • /
    • 2014
  • The adequate measurement of government expenditure efficiency for Energy Technology Development is a difficult empirical issue and the literature on it, particularly when it comes to aggregate and international data. Contribution in this study is threefold: first this study analyze the adequate measurement of government expenditure efficiency on Energy Technology sector of 24 OECD countries and korea. Second this study reconstruct efficiency composite indicators, named "Energy Technology Development Interest level indicator". Third this study assesses the efficiency of government expenditure for Energy Technology Development. The results can be summarized as follow: Korea's government expenditure efficiency for Energy Technology Development is highly ranked among 25 OECD countries based on Energy Technology Development R&D Budgets and Energy Technology Development R&D Budgets per thousand units of GDP indicators. However, Korea's ranking has fallen to 20th. The assessment suggests that government will be have to provide more government expenditure to enhance the efficiency on Energy.

  • PDF

Comparative Analysis of OECD Countries Based on the Environment-Economy Efficiency (OECD 국가의 환경-경제효율성 비교)

  • Chung, Young-Keun;Kang, Sang-Mok;Lee, Jun
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.121-146
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this paper IS to estimate efficiency and loss of productivity under environmental regulation, and analyze the environmental efficiency index empirically. Using the panel data for 20 member countries of OECD during 1985~1999, environmental efficiency index can be constructed by comparing the production processes under alternative assumptions of disposability, by using a hyperbolic measure of productive efficiency. As a result of estimation for the environmental efficiency index, EE of OECD countries gradually shows a downward trend. In terms of the treatment of pollutants, Japan, Germany and France are countries that have a considerable burden in getting rid of the pollutants. In case of EE, Korea displayed high environment efficiency, but in the latter half of the 1990's, the environmental efficiency of Korea became slightly worse. During the same period, Korea had a burden in dealing with NOx just like the other OECD countries.

  • PDF

International Comparative Analysis of Traffic Safety Indicators related to Road Traffic Accidents (도로교통사고 안전지표의 국제간 비교분석 평가)

  • Kim, Sang Gu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.17 no.9
    • /
    • pp.429-438
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study was to evaluate the level of traffic safety related to domestic traffic accidents by analyzing the international comparison of road traffic accident indicators and to set goals and directions of traffic accidents in Korea in the future. The research procedure was as follows: First, population, number of registered vehicles, roadway length, vehicle kilometers, injury accidents, fatalities, injuries were collected in 32 OECD countries. Second, we determined Korea's traffic safety rankings through international comparison of traffic accident rate. Finally, we analyzed the level of traffic safety by comparing Korea with the 7 advanced countries with the traffic accident rate per vehicle kilometers. The accident rate in Korea was greater than two times higher than those of the seven major developed countries, which showed that the level of traffic safety in Korea implied very low. Target values for domestic accidents were proposed based on the accident rate.

Analysis of Storage Requirement of an Agricultural Reservoir in Chungcheongnam-do Province Using MM5 (MM5를 이용한 충청남도지역 농업용저수지 필요저수량 변화 분석)

  • Yun, Dong-Koun;Chung, Sang-Ok;Kim, Seong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1862-1866
    • /
    • 2010
  • 기후변화에 관한 정부간 협의체(International Panel on Climate Change, IPCC) 4차 보고서에는 21세기말 지구의 평균기온이 최대 $6.4^{\circ}C$ 까지 더 상승할 것으로 전망하였다(IPCC, 2007). 지구의 평균온도는 지난 100년 동안 $0.74^{\circ}C$ 상승하였으며 그중 0.45%는 최근 25년간 상승한 것이며 이것은 지난 100년 보다 2.4배나 빠르게 상승하고 있는 추세이다. 우리나라의 경우 기온이 전 지구평균기온에 비해 2배 이상 높은 $1.5^{\circ}C$정도 상승 하였다. 또한 온실가스 증가 속도는 다른 나라에 비해 빠르게 진행되고 있으며, 1990년에서 지난 2001년간 다른 OECD국가들과 비교했을 때 가장 빠르게 증가하고 있을 뿐 아니라($CO_2$배출량은 OECD국가 중 10위) 현재와 같은 에너지 다소비형 산업구조와 소비패턴으로는 온실가스 배출량이 감소할 가능성은 낮은 것으로 분석된다. 따라서 우리나라의 경우 다른 국가에 비하여 기후변화에 취약한 위치에 있고 민감하게 반응함에 따라 미래 기후변화에 대한 영향은 우리나라 농업수자원에 큰 영향을 미칠 것으로 판단된다. 본 연구에서는 기상청에서 제공하는 MM5 기상자료를 이용하여 농업용저수지 필요저수량 변화를 예측하였다. MM5 기상자료는 충남 서산관측소 과거 관측자료를 이용하여 편의보정을 거쳐 재추출하였다. 생성된 자료는 물수지분석 입력 자료로 구축하여 충남에 위치한 고풍저수지에 대하여 필요저수량변화를 예측하였다. 그 결과 기온상승으로 인한 실재증발산량은 676mm에서 717mm로 41mm가 증가하였으며, 소비수량 또한 1,617mm에서 1,659mm로 42mm 증가하였다. 유효우량은 2020s는 520mm 이였으나 2080s는 533mm으로 13mm 증가한 것으로 분석되었다. 본 자료를 이용하여 고풍저수지의 필요저수량을 분석한 결과 2020s, 2050s, 2080s 각각 31.2%(3,538.9천$m^3$), 16.0%(1,489.7천$m^3$), 26.6%(2,834.5천$m^3$)가 부족한 것으로 예측되었다. 이는 강우량은 증가하나 기준년도에 비하여 5월 8월이 낮게 예측된 것이 가장 큰 원인으로 분석되었다. 따라서 소비수량은 증가하지만 유효유량의 부족으로 필요저수량이 부족한 것으로 예측되었다.

  • PDF

A Comparative Analysis on Emergency Administration System Between South Korea, the U.S., and Japan (한국, 미국, 일본의 재난행정체제에 대한 비교 분석)

  • Park, Sung je;Yoon, Jong-Han;Ryu, Si Saeng
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.135-135
    • /
    • 2016
  • 지구온난화가 진행되면서 태풍, 홍수, 호우 등 기후변화에 기인한 재해의 피해수준이 심해지고 범위도 날로 확대되고 있다. 한국의 경우에도 집중호우와 그로 인한 침수피해 등 자연재해로 인한 피해가 늘어나면서 자연재해에 대응할 수 있는 재난행정에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있다. 그럼에도 불구하고 복합적인 양상을 보이는 재난에 효과적으로 대처하기 위한 행정체제에 대한 연구는 아직 부족한 실정이다. 특히 재난행정이 오랫동안 발전해온 미국과 일본의 체제 각각에 대한 연구는 있어왔으나, 한미일 3개국의 재난행정체제를 체계적으로 비교하고 한국에 필요한 시사점을 도출한 연구는 많지 않았다. 따라서 본 연구는 한국의 행정체제의 발전에 오랫동안 지대한 영향을 미쳐온 미국과 일본의 재난행정체제를 분석하고 최근의 재난 양상과 관련해 한국에 필요한 시사점을 도출한다. 본 연구의 연구방법으로는 비교제도분석을 실시했다. 우선 선행연구 검토에 기반하여 재난행정체제의 비교분석에 필요한 비교틀을 구성하고, 분석틀에 기반해 한국, 미국, 그리고 일본의 재난행정체제를 비교한다. 분석결과 한국의 재난 행정체제는 미국 및 일본과 같은 재난행정의 선진국가와 비교할 때 재난관련 법률이 통합적이지 않고 분산되어 있어 상호중복 및 충돌의 소지가 있으며, 재난관리 단계에 있어서도 예방보다는 대응과 복구에 중점을 두는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 재난대응의 1차 책임소재도 불명확하며 민간네트워크도 재난에 효과적으로 대응할 수 있는 수준으로 발전되지 않은 것으로 드러났다. 이러한 문제점에 대한 개선방안으로서 미국과 일본의 재단대응체제으로부터 다음과 같은 시사점을 얻을 수 있다. 첫째, 기존의 분산되어 있는 기본법들을 통폐합하여 재난관리를 통합적으로 다루는 기본법을 제정할 필요가 있다. 둘째, 지방정부의 재난대응역량을 강화시키고 보다 많은 책임과 권한을 부여해야 한다. 셋째, 재난관련 기관들의 역할을 명확히 분담하고, 정보를 공유하며, 조정기제를 효율화하여 재난대응시 협업이 효과적으로 이루어질 수 있도록 하여야 한다. 이를 위해서는 분산적인 재난관리체제를 통합적 성격의 체제로 전환해야 한다. 넷째, 주민단위 재난대응조직과 협력의 틀을 구축하여 민관네트워크를 활성화하여야 한다.

  • PDF

Factors of the Happiness of Youth Generations by Work-Life Balance: A Cross-National Comparison Utilizing the Better Life Index and World Value Survey (청년세대의 일-삶 균형 수준과 행복 요인: OECD '더 나은 삶의 지수(Better Life Index)'와 '세계가치관조사(World Value Survey)'를 활용한 다국가 비교)

  • Park, Mee Sok;Kim, Mi Young;Kim, Kyoung-A;Chun, JeeWon
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-97
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study aimed for in-depth observation of the status quo of the youth generation's happiness utilizing the Better Life Index and the World Value Survey. To serve this purpose, the study selected 11 of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development(OECD) member countries (Australia, Estonia, Germany, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Poland, Sweden, Turkey, United States) that overlapped with the subject countries of the World Value Survey. The results of the observation first revealed that among the work-life balance levels of youth generations from across the 11 studied countries, the level for Korean youth was in a very poor state. Second, the happiness level of Korean youth also sat among the bottom ranks, with the aspects of politics, friendship, and career casting a heavy influence on importance to life; specifically, the youth generations of Turkey and Germany showed high levels of life purpose, while Korean youth displayed outstanding results in the challenge aspect. The third finding of this study reported that family, religion, power, benevolence, and challenge were commonly related to the happiness level of youth generations in countries with a higher work-life balance. The results of this study are expected to contribute to the much needed attention and support for improving the happiness level of the Korean youth generation, who will eventually play the leading role in our future society.

Global Impact of Institutional Repositories in South Korean University (국내 대학 리포지터리의 세계적 영향력에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Eun-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
    • /
    • v.34 no.1
    • /
    • pp.197-218
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study attempts to measure visibility and impact of university repositories in South Korea with the help of web-sites, OpenDOAR, ROAR and RWR. Further understanding the self-archiving status of South Korea, the analysis results were compared with the reputation and power of major Asian countries' university repositories. The results showed that only nine institutional repositories of the universities in South Korea were active. There was only one South Korean university repository in the RWR top 500. All the other repositories ranked in bottom level. However, among Asian countries, Japan and Taiwan have established many institutional repositories. They had 257 and 52 repositories respectively. Fortunately, some leading university repositories in South Korea began activating self-archiving with the help of linking their own research outputs management system. Also, the attempts by other South Korean university repositories expect a substantial quantitative growth in the near future.