• Title, Summary, Keyword: 기술윤리

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Ethical Codes in Scientific and Technological Communities and the Case of Korea (과학기술단체의 윤리강령과 한국의 사례)

  • Choi, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Eun-Cheol;Song, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.82-94
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    • 2009
  • This paper examines the roles, main contents, and writing guidelines of ethical codes, and analyses the developmental process and characteristics of ethical codes of scientific and technological communities in Korea. Korean communities occasionally tried for ethical codes from the 1970s to the 1990s, and have paid a serious attention to ethical codes in the 2000s. The forms of ethical codes became more sophisticated pursuing detailed commentary and ethical education. The focus of contents changed from professional dignity to social responsibility, and the importance of research integrity became embossed in the 2000s. Scientific and technological communities in Korea should make or revise ethical codes with self-imposed control considering realistic operation.

An Analysis of the Engineering Ethics Education in Japan (일본의 기술자 윤리 교육 현황 분석)

  • Kim, Cheong-Sig
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.86-96
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate and to display circumstances about importance issues connected with various publication data and engineering ethic principle. It is an investigation study about circumstance and actual conditions of engineering ethics education that is spoken by engineering ethics or engineer ethics on present Japan. Engineering ethics principle, or engineer ethics education is continued until present appearing in the 1980s by formal course of study in the case of American university. But, in the case of Japan, along with appearance of JABEE (Japanese Accreditation Board for engineering education), engineering ethics education for engineer is proceeded very intensively. At present, the purpose of engineering ethics education is heard on important engineering literary category so much so that can emphasize very as basic attitude to prepare everybody if it is a person who is to be an engineer. The present condition and circumstance of Japanese engineering ethics education analysis may become good information in the beginning step on ethics principle education of engineering our country.

연구윤리의 쟁점과 과제

  • Song, Seong-Su;Kim, Seok-Gwan
    • 혁신정책Brief
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2006
  • 소위 “황우석 사건”을 계기로 연구윤리에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있으나, 연구윤리에 대한 이해는 초보적인 수준에 불과 - 특히, 우리나라에서는 연구윤리와 관련된 논의가 일천하여 과학연구의 발전에 비해 연구윤리가 상당히 뒤쳐져 있는 상황에 놓여 있음

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나의 주장 - 기술발전과 공학윤리, 기술적 결정엔 윤리적 판단 필수

  • Kim, Yu-Sin
    • The Science & Technology
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    • v.33 no.10
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    • pp.14-15
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    • 2000
  • 모든 기술은 인간사회의 여러 어려운 문제들을 해결해주고 있지만 동시에 환경 파괴, 인간성 파괴 등 대형 사로를 유발하고 있다. 그래서 엔지니어의 기술적 결정은 자연히 윤리적 판단을 동반하게 된다. 그러나 안타깝게도 우리 대학에서는 공학윤리교육이 전무한 실정이어서 이에 대한 대책이 절실하다.

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Ethical Issues in the Forth Industrial Revolution and the Enhancement of Bioethics Education in Korean Universities (4차 산업혁명 시대의 윤리적 이슈와 대학의 생명윤리교육 방향 제고)

  • KIM, Sookyung;LEE, Kyunghwa;KIM, Sanghee
    • Korean Journal of Medical Ethics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.330-343
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    • 2018
  • This article explores some of the ethical issues associated with the fourth industrial revolution and suggests new directions for bioethics education in Korean universities. Some countries have recently developed guidelines and regulations based on the legal and ethical considerations of the benefits and social risks of new technologies associated with the fourth industrial revolution. Foreign universities have also created courses (both classroom and online) that deal with these issues and help to ensure that these new technologies are developed in an ethically appropriate fashion. In South Korea too there have been attempts to enhance bioethics education to meet the changing demands of society. However, bioethics education in Korea remains focused on traditional bioethical topics and largely neglects the ethical issues related to emerging technologies. Furthermore, Korean universities offer no online courses in bioethics and the classroom courses that do exist are generally treated as electives. In order to improve bioethics education in Korean universities, we suggest that (a) new course should be developed for interprofessional education; (b) courses in bioethics should be treated as required subjects gradually; (c) online courses should be prepared, and (d) universities should continually revise course contents in response to the development of new technologies.

A study of the effect analysis and development of informatics ethics education program based on subject integrations (교과융합 정보윤리교육 프로그램의 개발과 효과 분석)

  • Kim, SungYul;Lee, OkHwa
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2016
  • As the science and technology advances, the side effects of information and communications technology use become a social issue and the social demands to strengthen the informatics ethics in the curriculum of elementary and secondary schools becomes great. The contents of informatics ethics education is included in the current curriculum for elementary and secondary school, but they are embedded in multiple subjects without the holistic guidelines for the informatics ethics curriculum. Therefore it can have duplications of the contents or missing among subjects as those subjects are elective in the secondary school. In this study, we proposed a holistic curriculum for informatics ethics education and developed the education program based on subject integrated curriculum model and the cyber internet ethics education model to solve problems of informatics ethics education. The program was practised for 291 students of $10^{th}$ graders for 5 months and effectiveness was proven by the high attainment of ethics understanding. This subject integrated education program is proposed to solve the structural problems of informatics ethics education in 2015 curriculum.

Information Ethics Course for Ubiquitous Environment (유비쿼터스 환경을 위한 정보윤리 교과과정의 설계)

  • Cho, Jung-Won;Jeong, Seung-Do;Cho, Tae-Kyung;Kim, Wook-Jin;Kim, Bong-Seob
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.965-967
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    • 2009
  • 정보화 사회를 거쳐 유비쿼터스 환경으로 나아가고 있는 정보기술은 이제 우리의 생활 곳곳에서 그 대체를 생각할 수 없을 정도로 중추적인 역할을 하고 있으나 역설적으로 그에 따른 역기능이 큰 사회문제로 대두되고 있는 실정이다. 따라서 현재의 정보기술에 바탕을 둔 정보윤리교육은 최근의 사회문제를 해결하기 위한 필요성뿐 만 아니라 미래의 건전한 유비쿼터스 세상의 구현을 위해서도 그 필요성이 강조되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 정보기술의 건전화와 올바른 이용 문화의 확산을 위해, 역기능 중심의 윤리적인 관점보다는 정보기술의 순기능을 중심으로 하여 역기능에 대해 분석 및 고찰하고, 순기능의 강화방안과 그에 따른 정보기술과 문화에 대해 다루는 새로운 접근 방법으로 문제기반학습을 적용한 정보윤리 교과과정을 제안한다.

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Concept Analysis of Nursing Student's Ethical Competence (학생간호사의 윤리역량에 대한 개념분석)

  • Seo, Hyung-eun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.398-407
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the concept of nursing student's ethical competence. The concept analysis process by Walker and Avant was used to clarify the meaning of nursing student's ethical competence. As a result, the concept of nursing student's ethical competence was defined in terms of ethical sensitivity, ethical judgement, willingness to implement ethical behavior, and execution power of ethical behavior. Self-understanding, supportive environment, experience of ethical conflict and experience of ethical education can be seen as antecedents for nursing student's ethical competence. The nursing student's ethical competence results in nursing professionalism, satisfaction with nursing, and patient safety. The results of the analysis establish a basis for an instrument to evaluate nursing student's ethical competence. This will guide educators, as well as managers in healthcare, to develop an education program for improvement nursing student's ethical competence.

Is Ethics An Enemy of Developing Science and Technology? (윤리는 과학기술발전의 적(敵)인가?)

  • Lee Cho-Sik
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.291-309
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    • 2001
  • Let us critique the common notion that ethical examination retards the development of science and technology. First, I shall reformulate such a notion in the following statements: 'To survive the competitive society, we must develop science and technology before others do. It will cost too much time to examine ethically the influence of developing science and technology. Therefore, we cannot but suspend the ethical matters until we have developed science and technology.' I will then show that even if we reconstruct the above argument in a deductively valid form, the second premise is not necessarily true and that we cannot accept the conclusion because the meaning of 'competing for better lives', in the first premise, is diverse. Especially if we are to take into account all the areas of ethics and base them upon the autonomous ethics of democratic societies, it cannot be concluded that ethics is an enemy of developing science and technology. In addition, I will argue that our moral considerations must be based upon autonomous ethics in order to make the development of science and technology contribute to enhancing the desirable science culture. In the midst of making the above argument, it is proposed that the title of the 1aw of bio-ethics be changed, for it has a mistaken implication that acting against ethics results in legal punishments.

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Ethical perception from practice of ethics education (윤리 교육경험에 따른 윤리 지식수준에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yun-Jeong;Kwag, Jung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2007
  • 이 연구는 보건계열 학과에 재학 중인 학생들의 윤리교육 경험과 윤리교육 필요성인지에 따른 윤리지식수준의 차이를 살펴보고자, 보건계열 학과에 재학 중인 596명을 대상으로 자기기입법에 의한 설문조사법으로 2005년 4월 한달 동안 실시하였다. 연구에 사용된 연구도구로 독립변수는 의료 윤리 교육경험, 전문윤리 교육경험, 직업윤리 교육경험, 임상실습 경험, 전문윤리 교육 필요성 인지, 의료윤리 교육 필요성 인지이었고, 종속변수는 면허관련법규 지식수준, 전문윤리 지식수준, 의사결정판단 지식수준, 팀웍 지식수준이었다. 수집된 자료를 SPSS 12.0을 사용하여 기술통계와 t-test를 실시한 결과, 임상실습경험 직업윤리 교육경험 의료윤리 교육경험, 전문윤리 교육경험, 전문윤리 교육 필요성 인지에 따라 유의한 차이가 있었으며, 이 중 직업윤리 교육경험에 따라서는 4가지 윤리지식수준에서 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 정상적으로 학교에서의 윤리교육이 이루어져야 하고, 일반 윤리교육에 비해서 직업 윤리교육이 강화되어야 한다고 사료되었다.

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