• Title, Summary, Keyword: 길드

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MMORPG에서 길드 구성원들의 사회적 지지를 통한 심리적 요인들이 플로우 및 충성도에 미치는 영향

  • Kang, Ju-Seon;Go, Il-Sang;Go, Yun-Jeong
    • 한국경영정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.897-902
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    • 2008
  • 이 연구에서는 MMORPG 게임의 길드 내에서 사회적 지지가 캐릭터와 길드를 통해 플로우 및 충성도에 미치는 영향을 검증하고자 한다. 이를 위하여 MMORPG 게이머들을 대상으로 포커스그룹인터뷰를 한 결과 사회적지지 요인을 발견하였고, 인터뷰 결과와 선행연구를 토대로 캐릭터통제력, 사회적 지지를 독립변수로 제시하였고, 매개변수로 캐릭터 동일시, 길드 동일시, 자아존중감을, 종속변수로 플로우, 충성도를 도출하여 연구모형을 개발하였다. WoW(WorldofWarcraft) 이용자 244 명의 자료를 수집하여 전체적인 연구모형의 구조적 적합도를 검증하기 위해 구조방정식모델(SEM)분석을 이용하였다. 분석을 통해 다음과 같은 주요 연구결과를 밝혀냈다. 첫째, 사회적지지는 캐릭터 통제력, 캐릭터 동일시, 길드 동일시, 자아존중감에 통계적으로 유의하게 나타났으며, 캐릭터 통제력은 캐릭터 동일시, 길드 동일시, 자아존중감을 향상시키는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 캐릭터 동일시는 자아존중감과 충성도에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 길드 동일시는 자아존중감과 플로우, 충성도에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 자아존중감은 플로우에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 밝혀졌다.

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Research on online game bot guild detection method (온라인 게임 봇 길드 탐지 방안 연구)

  • Kim, Harang;Kim, Huy Kang
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.1115-1122
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    • 2015
  • In recent years, the use of game bots by illegal programs has been expanded from individual to group scale; this brings about serious problems in online game industry. The gold farmers group creates an in-game social community so-called "guild" to obtain a large amount of game money and manage game bots efficiently. Although game developers detect game bots by detection algorithms, the algorithms can detect only part of the gold farmers group. In this paper, we propose a detection method for the gold farmers group on a basis of normal and bot guilds characteristic analysis. In order to differentiate normal and bots guild, we analyze transaction patterns for individuals, auction house and chatting. With the analyzed results, we can detect game bot guilds. We demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed methods with real datasets from one of the popular online games named AION in Korea.

An Empirical Study on Community Effect of MMORPG Guild (MMORPG 길드 시스템의 커뮤니티 효과 연구 -사회적 지원을 바탕으로-)

  • Wi, Jong-H.;Song, In-Su
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the effect of users guild system on game community activation. For the analysis, the paper used 2,876 users data of online game 'Gunju(Monarch)'. Social support between gamers who belong to guilds was more influential to community activation than that of gamers who doesn't belong to guilds. Especially, the fact was found that social support between guild members (internal social support) plays more important role on community activation than that between guild members and non guild members (external social support).

엔씨소프트‘길드워

  • Sin, Seung-Cheol
    • Digital Contents
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    • no.6
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    • pp.86-89
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    • 2005
  • 엔씨소프트의 신개념 온라인게임‘길드워’의 상용서비스가 지난달 25일 시작됐다. 공개 시험서비스를 시작한지 채 한달도 되지 않은 시점이었다. 지난 4월 28일 북미와 유럽에서는 먼저 상용서비스를 시작, 30만장 이상 타이틀을 판매한 데다 국내에서도 70만명 이상의 회원을 모집하면서 얻은 자신감에서 비롯된 결과다. 길드워가 어떤 게임인지 살펴봤다.

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A Study on Habitat for Multiplication of Wild-birds in Urban Woodland (도시공원내 야생조류의 유치증식을 위한 서식지에 관한 조사)

  • 이성규;김종갑;민희규
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.283-295
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    • 2002
  • The number of species and individvals of birds observed in Bibong, Chinju-castle, Nosan and Saho parks were 49 and 4,349, 46 and 6,453, 37 and 2,817, and 33 and 6,014, nespectively The dominant species in all survey areas were shown in the order of Passer montanus(21.8%), Aegithalos spp.(20.7%), Pica pica(8.7%), Hypsipetes amaurotis(7.6%), Parus major(6.4%), Carduelis spp.(4.6%). Migration of birds was the order of residents, summer visitor, winter visitor, and passage migrant. The number of bird species appeared was the fewest in winter as 40 species and the most in spring as 53 species. Species diversity was the highest in Bibong park as 1.3256 and followed in the order of Sanho park, Nosan park, and Chinju-castle park. The nesting guild was higher at outside and artificial nesting guild(7-15 species) compared with hole, canopy, bush nesting guild(1-7 species) in all survey areas. The breeding forage guild was higher at canopy and bush(12-25 species) than that at outside, artificial, and air forage guild(2-8 species).

Effects of Fragmentation on the Bird Community in Agricultural Landscapes (농촌 경관에서 파편화가 조류 군집에 미치는 영향)

  • 박찬열;이우신
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.22-33
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of fragmentation on the bird community in Seongduck-ri and Hanggum-ri agricultural landscapes of Kangha-myon, Yangpyong-gun, Kyonggido. We analyzed the composition of tree species, forest environmental structures, structures of agricultural landscapes, avifaunas and guild structures. Number and density of tree species ranging from 6 to 10cm in D.B.H. were high in Seongduck-ri, but basal area was high in Hanggum-ri. Coverages of foliage layers under two meters and over 12 meters were high in Hanggum-ri. Meanwhile, Seongduck-ri agricultural landscapes consisted of twelve patches, dominated by Larix leptolepsis and Robinia pseudoacacia Hanggum-ri landscapes was composed of eleven patches, and dominated by Pinus rigida, Castanea crenate, Larix leptolepsis and paddy field. Dominant bird species showed the same order in two study areas, thirty-six species of birds were observed in Hanggum-ri landscapes, but twenty species were in Seongduck-ri landscapes. Number of species and density belonging to hole-, bush-, ground-nesting and water-, bush-, ground-foraging guild were high in Hanggum-ri landscapes. Number of species and density belonging to hole-nesting guild showed the high value in Hanggum-ri landscapes that was not fragmented. It could be attributed to the low human disturbance and relative high density of medium and large trees in D.B.H. Also, number of species and density belonging to bush-, ground- and water- foraging guild showed the high value in Hanggum-ri landscapes that had the high foliage amounts in the foliage layer under two meters. It will be related with the paddy field, dry field and brook, which patches covered the 28.4% of Hanggum-ri landscapes. Therefore, road not only dominate the heterogeneous patch in agricultural landscapes, but also easily cause the human disturbance. Thus, road construction would decrease the natural patch diversity and edge effects that are important for sustaining the diverse avifauna in agricultural landscapes.

Effects of Habitat Environment on Bird Community in Forest (산림지역에서 서식지 환경이 조류군집에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jung-Soo;Shin, Ju-Ryul;Lee, Hwa-Su;Koo, Tae-Hoe
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.141-160
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    • 2008
  • The effects of disturbance on bird community were studied in Ssanggok Valley and Beopju Temple area, Songni Mt. National Park in $2006{\sim}2008$. We divided three sites by habitat condition such as traffic road(strong disturbance), trail(medium) and control(weak) site. During breeding and non-breeding seasons(n=12), number of species, number of individuals, species diversity and density did not differ among three sites, but in breeding season(n=9), number of species(Kruskal Wallis, $x^2$=10.32, p=0.006), number of individuals(Kruskal Wallis, $x^2$=7.118, p=0.028) and species diversity of birds(Kruskal Wallis, $x^2$=9.847, p=0.007) were significantly higher in trail site with medium disturbance than in other sites. In breeding season, nesting and foraging guild rate were not different among three sites. In guild analysis, hole was the highest nesting guild and canopy was the highest foraging guild in three sites.

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Leadership Experience through Guild Activities on Online Games : A Phenomenological Analysis (온라인 게임의 길드 활동을 통한 리더십 경험 : 현상학적 분석)

  • Kim, Ki-Suk;Jung, Hyung-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2016
  • Numerous studies have been made on the negative effects of online games, as the negatives effects of the usage of online games have been recognized as social issues. However, this is a study on the positive functions of online gaming; more specifically, on how the guild activities on online games affect the user's leadership. This study has conducted in-depth interviews with online games, and drew the result using Giorgi's phenomenological analysis as for the methodology. 3 people participated in the research - a high school student, a university student, and an adult office worker - all of whom with experiences of guild leading on online games. To achieve the goal of this study, this study based the subjects' experience to analyze how online game guild activities have affected leadership on the subjects' real lives. As a result, timidity turned into initiation; not only leadership, but also decision making ability and coworking ability, as well as problem solving ability have shown improvement. Through this study, one can see that among the elements of online game, experience in guild activities is providing opportunities for enhancing leadership and possibilities for improving various other abilities. I hope more researchers continue studying interesting and diverse powers of online games based on this study.

Characteristics of Breeding Bird Communities between Natural and Fired Forests in Ussuri, Russia (러시아 우수리 지역의 천연림과 산불피해림에서 번식기 조류 군집의 특성)

  • Lee, Woo-Shin;Rhim, Shin-Jae;Lee, Eun-Jae;Kurdiukov, Alexey
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.98 no.3
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    • pp.279-283
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to clarify the breeding bird communities between natural and fired forests in Verchneussuriisky Research Forest ($44^{\circ}$ 02' N, $134^{\circ}$ 10' E) Institute of Biology and Soil Science, Far-East Branch, Russian Academy of Science at Ussuri, Russia from 7 to 11 June 2008. Total 37 species of birds were recorded in both study sites. Luscinia cyane, Urosphena squameiceps, and Emberiza tristrami were most dominant species. In natural forest, 115 individuals of 32 species were observed and bird species diversity (H') was 3.13. Sixty two individuals of 29 species were recorded and bird species diversity was 3.12 in fired forest. Bush and Canopy nesting guilds were higher in natural forest than in fired forest. But hole nesting guild was higher in fired forest. In foraging guilds, canopy foraging guild was most dominant in both study site. Air and bush foraging guilds were higher in natural forest. The differences of bird communities would be caused by differences of habitat conditions between study sites.

Study on the Protection and Management of Wildbirds in Chuwangsan National Park (주왕산국립공원내 야생조류의 보호 및 관리에 관한 연구)

  • 이우신;박찬열;조기현
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 1995
  • This study was conducted to investigate bird community and to suggest a proper way how to manage and protect wildbirds in Chuwangsan National Park. The survey was carried out over two survey sections by the line transect method in spring, summer and autumn in 1994. Total number of observed birds were 42 species(33 species in spring, 32 species in summer, and 26 species in autumn), and the result was the same with the typical pattern of temperate bird communities. Total number of natural monument and rare birds were 7 species, which included Golden Eagle(Aquila chrysaetos), Chinese Sparrow Hawk(Accipter soloensis), Eagle Owl(Bubo bubo), etc. In breeding season, species richness was high in canopy nesting guild, and density(ea/ha) was high in hole nesting guild. Canopy foraging guild was dominated in spring and summer, ratio of bush(or ground) foraging guild was increased in autumn. Since the habitats of observed natural monuments and rare species were roughly overlapped with the nature preservation area, it is necessary to preserve the area completely and to investigate and protect these species continuously. For the protection of the bush(or ground) foraging guild, it needs to plant bushes around trails and to control users. Food plants, artificial food planting of bushs, and artificial nest are needed for the habituation of wildbirds, and as the damage of wild cats is increasing lately, it needs to control these cats.

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