• Title, Summary, Keyword: 농촌노인

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농촌노인의 삶의 질과 복지정책의 문제점

  • 박옥임
    • Proceedings of the SOHE Conference
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    • pp.72-72
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    • 2003
  • 이 연구는 고령화 사회의 도래에 따른 위기의 상황에서 농촌노인들의 삶의 질의 측면에서 가족 및 사회적 관계는 어떠하며, 심각한 사회문제로 대두되고 있는 농촌노인들의 복지정책의 문제점을 살펴보고자 한다. 농촌노인의 삶의 질을 살펴보기 위하여, 농촌 노인의 가족구성을 살펴본 결과 농촌노인들은 노부부만 거주하는 비율이 가장 높고(39.0%), 결혼한 아들 가족과 함께 사는 경우(27.3%), 독거(21.2%), 미혼자녀와 함께 사는(7.9%) 순으로 높은 비율을 보이고 있다. 사회적 관계는 따로 사는 자녀와의 관계가 가장 높으며(97.1%), 그 다음으로는 친한 친구나 이웃이 있고(94.8%), 자주 왕래하는 비동거 자녀는 평균 2.4명, 친척은 약 3명, 친구나 이웃은 5.5명으로 총 약 10여명의 가까운 사람들과 교류하여 사회적 관계가 비교적 높은 편으로 나타나고 있다(농림부, 2002). 농촌노인의 삶의 질은 가족간의 관계가 아주 중요한 지원 체계로서 자녀와 동거하는 농촌노인들은 단독가구 노인에 비해 높은 생활만족도, 높은 행복감, 낮은 고독감을 보이는 것으로 나타나고 있고(한경혜, 2003), 노인의 사회적 지원 망의 크기가 크고 다양할수록 노인의 생활 만족도나 심리적 복지감에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다고 한다.

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The Relationship between Social Connectedness and Depressive Symptom: A Comparison between The Rural and Urban Elderly (사회적 연결감과 우울의 관계: 도시노인과 농촌노인의 비교)

  • Park, Kyungsoon;Park, Yeong-Ran;Son, Duksoon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.667-677
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to investigate the effects of social connectedness on depressive symptom focusing on the comparison between the rural and urban elderly. Data from 'Korean Social Life, Health and Aging Project: KSHAP' was used for analyzing. The analysis included 948 rural elderly and 982 urban elderly. The results showed that urban elderly's depressive symptom level was higher than rural elderly's. Depending on the subcomponent of social connectedness, there were differences in the influence on the urban and rural elderly's depressive symptom. It has been confirmed that only loneliness has affected urban elderly people, and that appraisal social support and loneliness have affected rural elderly people, and that belongingness social support has not been significant in both groups. Findings from this research have some implications for intervention endeavors in reducing depressive symptom of older people.

마을단위 농촌노인 활동 프로그램 개발에 관한 연구 -'노인생활지도마을' 중심으로-

  • 이진영;박공주;이정화;강경하;최윤지
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.161-161
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    • 2004
  • 현재 우리나라 노인복지정책은 도시노인 중심으로 집중되어 있어, 농촌지역 노인은 또 한번의 소외와 어려움에 직면해 있다. 이러한 농촌의 고령문제는 단순히 노인문제로 그치지 않고, 농촌의 존폐를 가르는 심각한 문제로 부각되고 있다. 이러한 침체된 농촌사회에 활력을 불어넣기 위한 사업으로 농촌진흥청은 지난 1993년부터 노인생활지도마을 육성사업을 실시하여, 농촌노인의 역할개발과 건강하고 보람 있는 노후생활을 보낼 수 있도록 하였다. (중략)

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A Study on the Participation of Rural Elderly People in Senior Employment Programs, Satisfaction Level and Needs (농촌노인의 일자리사업 참여실태와 만족도 및 요구도에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Kyoung Poon;Joo, Min Kyoung
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.1149-1179
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the participation of rural elderly people in senior employment programs, their satisfaction level and needs in an effort to provide some information on the improvement of rural elderly people's quality of life. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the largest group of the rural elderly people investigated took part in senior employment programs for the public good. The biggest group engaged in activities for environmental improvement, and the greatest group participated in these programs to earn their livelihood. Second, they were most satisfied with their relationship with the working-level employees of the institutions that were in charge of these programs, and they were least contented with their own pay. Third, the rural elderly people perceived that in terms of senior education for employment, customized education should primarily be conducted in consideration of the differences and diversity of senior citizens, and they faced the most difficulty due to traffic while they participated in these programs. Given the findings of the study, it's required to take measures to bolster the self-support of rural elderly people.

A Study on the Menu Development for the Elderly during Busy Farming Season in Gyeongbuk Andong (경북 안동시 농번기 농촌노인 식단개발 연구)

  • Kim, Hae-Young;Park, Chan-Eun;Lee, Hae-Jin;Park, Young-Hee;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1381-1391
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    • 2009
  • Dietary life style of the elderly living in rural areas of Gyeongbuk Andong during the busy farming season was surveyed and a monthly meal plan for the elderly was developed using eco-friendly native crops and considering the characteristics of a busy farming season and their preferences. A week meal plan was selected and applied to those fields. The meal plan was developed for an elder's house in Gyeongbuk Andong during the busy farming season. Especially, to increase the intake of calcium and dietary fiber, bamboo sprouts, pepper leaves, dried slices of whitebait, and fried anchovies were used. Considering the busy farming season, the ginseng chicken soup and the soybean noodle soup were served to provide high quality of protein and to improve health condition. A cold soup of cucumber and brown seaweed was used to supplement liquid, vitamins, and minerals. The results are as follows: the highest score of the preference on a staple was 8.77 for the boiled barley of menu 5; the favorite soup was the ginseng chicken soup (8.73) in menu 4; for side dishes, those in menu 5 were most popular (8.69); the favorite meal was the ginseng chicken soup of menu 4 (8.69). Regarding the amount of leftover foods, the lightest was 30.14 g in Gyeongbuk Andong menu 3 which significantly indicates high preference (p<0.05). The current study was a planned meal service menu using local crops and seasonal foods, which was actually applied to the field resulting in high preference and satisfaction levels.

Longitudinal Study on the Influence of Network of Elderly with Non Cohabiting Children on their Depression: - Focusing on the Comparison between Urban and Rural Areas - (노인의 비동거자녀 관계망이 우울에 미치는 영향에 대한 종단 연구: 도시·농촌 비교)

  • Jeong, Kyu Hyoung
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.55
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    • pp.5-30
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to analyze the influence of network of elderly with his or her non cohabiting children on their depression and its regional differences between urban and rural areas. The analysis is based on the sample of 1,609 elderly of 65 and above (1,011 Urban residents and 598 Rural residents) from the third time span(year 2010) to the fifth time span(year 2014) collected by the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, whose research conducted by Korea Employment Information Service. First, it is found that rural elderly are more likely to suffer from depression than urban elderly. Second, it is found that rural elderly have on average a bigger number of non cohabiting children in their network, whereas geographical proximity and frequency in meeting, and economic support is stronger upon urban elderly. Third, urban elderly tend to suffer from depression as the frequency of phone calls with their non cohabiting children increases with time, and as the frequency of meeting and relationship satisfaction is decreases with time, whereas rural elderly tend to suffer from depression as their geographical proximity with their non cohabiting children is decreases with time. Based on the results of this analysis, this study further suggests practical policy interventions to prevent elderly depression.

Comparative analysis of dietary behavior and nutrient intake of elderly in urban and rural areas for development of "Village Lunch Table" program: Based on 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (농촌 노인의 마을 밥상 개선 프로그램 개발을 위한 도시와 농촌 노인의 식생활 행태 및 영양소 섭취 상태 비교분석 : 2014년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Youngmi;Choi, Yourim;Park, Hae Ryun;Song, Kyung Hee;Lee, Kyung Eun;Yoo, Chang;Lim, Young Suk
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.171-179
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: We conducted comparative analysis of dietary behavior and food and nutrient intakes of Korean elderly in urban and rural areas using the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: This study was conducted on 1,239 participants (urban elderly: 867, rural elderly: 372) aged 65 years and over who participated in the health examination and nutrition survey in the 6th 2014 KNHANES. Dietary behaviors, including skipping meals, eating out frequencies, and food and nutrient intakes were analyzed using 24-hour recall data. Analysis of complex sample design data through SPSS 19.0 was used for the analysis. Results: The rate of skipping dinner was higher in urban (6.5%) than in rural elderly (3.6%) (p < 0.05), and the frequency of eating out per week of urban elderly (1.73) was higher than that of rural elderly (1.35) (p < 0.001). The rural elderly consumed a greater amount of grain compared to urban elderly, whereas consumption of water, seaweed food, and dairy products was lower in rural than in urban areas (p < 0.05). The rural elderly consumed significantly less highly unsaturated fatty acids, n-6 fatty acids, phosphorus, iron, vitamin A, carotene, niacin, and vitamin C in comparison with elderly in urban areas. Comparison of the percentages of Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans (KDRIs) between the two groups showed that intakes of vitamin A and vitamin C were significantly lower in the rural elderly than in urban elderly. Conclusion: The elderly in rural areas showed unbalanced food and nutrient intakes compared to the elderly in urban areas. Therefore, customized nutrition education according to residential areas should be developed and provided to rural elderly to improve their health and nutritional status.

The Effects of Social Activity and Leisure Activity on Life Satisfaction of the Rural Elderly (농촌노인의 사회활동 및 여가활동이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Myeong-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.298-310
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among social activity, leisure activity and the level of life satisfaction of the rural elderly. 324 data was collected using structured questionnaires from the rural elderly aged 60 plus. The result of this study were as follows. First, the health and economic status of the demographic characteristics affect the level of life satisfaction of the rural elderly. Second, the economic, religious, and participation in community activity had a positive effect on the overall satisfaction level of the rural elderly life. The religious, participation in community activity. affect on the subjective satisfaction level of health positively. And the economic activity had a positive effect on the subjective satisfaction of economic. Third, the hobby and social life activity had a positive effects on the overall satisfaction of life. The hobby, social life and pastime activities had a positive on the subjective satisfaction level of health. And the hobby and social life activities affected on the subjective satisfaction of economic positively.

농촌 여자노인의 BMI 및 사회경제적 수준에 따른 건강관련 삶의 질

  • 최정숙;권성옥
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.168-168
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    • 2004
  • 평균수명과 노인인구의 증가로 단순한 수명 연장보다는 사는 동안 좀더 나은 신체적 기능을 유지하면서 건강한 삶을 살기를 원하게 되면서 건강관련 삶의 질이 매우 중요하게 대두되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 농촌지역에 거주하는 65세 이상의 여자노인들을 대상으로 건강관련 삶의 질 실태를 파악하고, 이에 영향을 미치는 사회경제적인 요인을 분석하여 노년기 삶의 질을 향상시킬 수 있는 정책이나 프로그램 개발에 유용한 자료를 제공하고자 한다. (중략)

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A Study on Poverty Characteristics of Rural Elderly Households (농촌노인가구의 빈곤특성에 대한 비교연구 - 빈곤율과 빈곤감을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Young-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.60 no.4
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    • pp.31-53
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    • 2008
  • This study intends to verify the poverty characteristics of the rural elderly households so as to provide more specific data for the intervention of social welfare in the improvement of quality of life of the rural elderly. According to my study of the absolute poverty ratio, the poverty gap, the relative poverty ratio, the subjective poverty ratio, the subjective economic level and the life satisfaction level of the rural elderly households in comparison with those of the other groups, the conclusion is as follows: First, the total living cost of the rural elderly households is rather low with the food cost taking about 30% of the total living cost. Second, in terms of the poverty ratio based on socio-demographic characteristics, higher poverty ratio show among women, older people and households of fewer members. Third, 82.2% of the rural elderly households living with an income below the minimum living cost is found around the poverty line. Fourth, the rural elderly households show a comparatively higher poverty ratio than the other groups in the absolute and relative poverty, but lower economic strain than other groups in the subjective poverty ratio and life satisfaction level. In short, the rural elderly households' poverty level is generally high and therefore need ways of active economic supports, while a political approach to the subjective needs of the regional and intergenerational groups is also required.

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